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By Vishal Pathak
The schools are considered to be the main key to move closer to reducing the number of affected people by disasters by 2030 in South Asia.
DRR or CCA: What matters in the end is resilient community. And that is what this issue aims at.
Disasters are often seen as extraordinary events that occur suddenly to cause widespread loss of life and property in the communities they strike. However, there are underlying causes of vulnerability that keep on incrementally increasing the exposure of a community to a disaster in over time. Thus, resilience building in an exercise of systematically identifying and reducing these underlying causes of vulnerability to build resilient communities.
The recently concluded 2016 Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) at New Delhi, India has provided a clear path for building resilience at the global, regional and local levels. The first important conference to be held after the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR), AMCDRR 2016 also led to the finalization of the 'New Delhi Declaration' and the 'Asian Regional Plan (ARP) for Implementation of the Sendai Framework'.
This issue of Southasiadisasters.net focuses on the theme of 'Building Resilient Cities'. It highlights the importance of bringing Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Change Adaptation to urban planning in order to create safer spaces for citizens.
This policy brief shows that risk transfer through disaster insurance requires a flexible national framework to allow for tailored solutions at the local level. The document calls for the countries and their humanitarian and development partners to urgently ensure that governments can provide disaster insurance. A future dialogue for authorities to be informed and inform national and regional plans should feature in the Asia Regional Implementation Plans, AMCDRR declaration, and disaster management plans and policies, and collect better data to monitor progress.
This policy brief shows that disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation (DRR-CCA) require a flexible national framework to allow for tailored solutions at the local level. It calls for the countries and their humanitarian and development partners to urgently ensure that governments implement a policy of awareness, resilience and information sharing.
The included case study highlights the need for a clear link between government policy, DRR and CCA, with the help of government offices and NGOs. In particular, it makes the following policy recommendations:
The disaster risk reduction aspects highlighted in this issue serve to depict the manner in which leading countries, including India, have addressed and mitigated different disasters in the past and the lessons learned. The aim of this issue is to bring innovative ideas to AMCDRR in order to accelerate regional implementation and monitoring. By active hosting of AMCDRR India will renew its commitment to the Sendai Framework and pursue a resilient and sustainable future for all citizens.
The various aspects highlighted in this issue of Southasiadisasters.net on the theme of 'Enriching The Asia Regional Plan Inputs from India' serve to depict the manner in which India has developed their NDCs by accepting the need of investing in Green Technologies. Also, it will be discussed the importance of making safer cities.
ABOUT THIS ISSUE
The Paris Agreement, which was finalized at the Conference of Parties 21 (COP21) has been signed by 175 countries on April 22, 2016. This is the first step in implementing this historic agreement which seeks to limit global warming below 2oC. The ratification of this agreement, based on parliamentary discussion and approval within the signing countries would be the next step in making it come into force. Perhaps, this is the best time for nations to reflect on the best ways to implement the Paris Agreement.
How to make citizens in cities safe? This issue addresses this crucial topic.
This issue of Southasiadisasters.net is titled ‘Youth Leadership in Long Term Recovery’. Disaster recovery is an important phase of the disaster management cycle as it helps in the evolution of resilient communities. However, the voices of the youth are often left out of the recovery process. In January 2016, the All India Disaster Mitigation Institute (AIDMI) invited 8 students from Oxford Brookes University to visit 2 districts of Gujarat to study the long-term impacts of recovery from the 2001 earthquake.
We know so little about the risks our children face in our cities! This issue addresses this gap to help better make Asian Regional Plan for implementation of SFDRR in Asian cities. This issue is also a first step to inform the upcoming UN Habitat III Conference on ‘Conference on Housing and Sustainable Urban Development’, Quito, Ecuador, in October 17-20, 2016.
Post COP 21 Paris: Now What?
Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 140, December 2015:
Worth of Any Agreement is in its Implementation. And this issue exactly does so.
Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 139, December 2015:
City, Child, and Resilience interact with each other but not always to move towards sustainable development. This issue explores some of the key issues around this.
Southasiadisasters.net issue no. 138, November 2015:
Though any child is a centre of any family is a vulnerable child is not at the centre of disaster management planning. This issue tells us how to do so.
Disaster management planning in India is gradually shifting from an exercise in post-emergency ad-hocism to one that encourages long term planning for preparedness.
Children and Innovation do go hand-in-hand. But do humanitarian innovations and child development? Find out in this issue.
ABOUT THIS ISSUE
The enhanced vulnerability of children to the detrimental impacts of disasters and emergencies now qualifies as conventional wisdom in various humanitarian circles. Almost 70% of the affected population of a disaster or extreme event are children. Consequently, a lot of government and humanitarian agencies have taken up the cause of protecting and promoting the rights of children to safety and security.
ABOUT THIS ISSUE
This issue of Southasiadisasters.net, focuses on the important theme of 'Building Resilience for All'. It highlights the actions that are needed and the best practices that are prevalent among humanitarian agencies across the globe to build the resilience of the most marginalised and neglected groups. As eclectic as the field of resilience building, this issue contains a wide array of experiences and opinions on this important theme.