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The outbreak of violence in Syria in 2011 led to protracted conflict, waves of displacement and a global humanitarian crisis. In the summer of 2015, the number of migrants and refugees arriving in Europe increased enormously, peaking in October with nearly a quarter of a million arrivals.
A migration route opened up through Croatia, prompting the opening of transit reception centres to manage the inflows (see Figure 1). The magnitude of the crisis limited the role that local authorities and citizens could play in responding to such large initial population influxes.
How do local authorities and humanitarian agencies collaborate when refugees are in transit? An IIED-supported research project is looking at the transit refugee response in Croatia.
The conflict in Syria has led to massive population displacement since the outbreak of violence in 2011. In the summer of 2015, a migration route from Syria through South Eastern Europe opened up, with some 650,000 migrants and refugees passing through Croatia from September 2015 to January 2016.