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03 Sep 2015 description

Shobha Shukla, Citizen News Service - CNS

TB is a neglected disease, killing 1.5 million people each year. But perhaps the most neglected group of TB patients is the estimated 550,000 million children or more, who suffer from the disease each year. TB is commonly passed from adults to children and is among the top 10 causes of illness and death among children, killing more than 80,000 each year.

17 Nov 2014 description

Shobha Shukla, Citizen News Service - CNS

(CNS): There are political, economic and cultural constructs that have marred the realisation of the promises made 20 years ago in Beijing around gender justice. The tall tree of injustice and oppression that shades gender justice and equality, has thick foliage and deep roots according to Kamala Chandrakirana of Asia Pacific Women's Alliance For Peace And Security. But there are warm, though feeble, rays of hope, thawing the ice of extraordinary barriers that women face in full enjoyment of their human rights.

15 Nov 2014 description

Leaders of the 18 East Asia Summit countries have committed to an ambitious goal of eliminating malaria from the entire Asia Pacific region in the next 15 years. The bold move shows strong leadership on health security and responds head-on to concerns about growing resistance to the drug artemisinin, the mainstay of worldwide treatment for the most dangerous form of the disease.

Resistance was first reported in western Cambodia several years ago and was more recently detected in Laos, Myanmar, Thailand and Viet Nam.

18 Aug 2014 description

Shobha Shukla, Citizen News Service (CNS)

The first estimates of the global burden of TB in children given by the WHO in 2012, suggested that there might be 530,000 children suffering from it. Subsequently there has been an uptake in the research in this field. A recent mathematical modelling study on the burden of childhood TB in 22 high-burden countries, (published in the Lancet) has revealed that there may be 650,000 annual cases of TB in children. Are these figures at odds with the estimate of 530,000 previously made by WHO?

22 Jul 2014 description

Bobby Ramakant, Citizen News Service (CNS)

21 Jul 2014 description

Shobha Shukla, Citizen News Service (CNS)

Two years after launching a first of its kind Combination Drug Study for TB treatment in 2010, the Global Alliance for TB Drug Development (TB Alliance) raised hopes of a novel drug regimen to treat both forms of TB—drug sensitive (DS) and multi drug resistant (MDR) TB, at the XX International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2014) in Melbourne, offering a new paradigm in TB treatment to treat patients with drugs to which they are sensitive, rather than based on what they are resistant to.

26 Mar 2014 description

A major focus of this World TB Day is the 3 million TB cases that the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates are “missed” each year - that is, cases that go undetected, undiagnosed and untreated. Clearly, this must change if global TB control is to be achieved. “The Forum of International Respiratory Societies (FIRS) is committed to mobilizing all its members to help reach the ‘missing’ 3 million tuberculosis cases”, said Dr Maria Montes de Oca, chair of FIRS.

20 Dec 2013 description

AIDS is just one of the manifestations of HIV, said a veteran health advocate. A range of co-infections and co-morbidities also need as much attention as AIDS-related treatment and care. HIV and hepatitis B virus (HBV) co-infection was in spotlight at the 6th National Conference of AIDS Society of India (ASICON 2013). HBV is a viral infection that attacks the liver and can cause both acute and chronic disease. Mode of transmission of HBV and HIV both are similar: they get transmitted through contact with the blood or other body fluids with high viral load of an infected person.

17 Dec 2013 description

Shobha Shukla, Citizen News Service – CNS

15 Apr 2013 description

Tuberculosis (TB) rates are coming down, but not dropping fast enough to keep the world on track to meet the target of Stop TB Partnership: to eliminate TB by 2050 (less than 1 percent TB in population is referred to as elimination). "The current decline in TB rate is 2 percent globally every year" said Dr Christian Lienhardt of WHO Stop TB Department at the 4th Union Asia Pacific Region Conference on Lung Health (APRC 2013) which recently concluded in Hanoi, Viet Nam.

11 Apr 2013 description

The 4th Union Asia Pacific Region Conference on Lung Health (APRC 2013) opened in Hanoi, Viet Nam, with a powerful and thought-provoking session on TB and migrants. There are scores of known structural drivers that put people at risk of TB such as poverty, but other less-spoken factors, such as immigration laws, International relations between countries, legal status of migrants, labour laws, and politics of borders where some countries deport expats who develop TB, need more attention too.

30 Nov 2012 description

BOBBY RAMAKANT, Citizen News Service - CNS

28 Nov 2012 description

BOBBY RAMAKANT, Citizen News Service - CNS

World AIDS Day: 1st December

04 Aug 2012 description

(CNS): Childhood tuberculosis (TB) has been neglected for a long time and in terms of the global policy the focus has been on adult tuberculosis. To add fuel to fire, presentation of the disease is less specific in children, and while diagnosis is difficult, treatment is also very child unfriendly.

04 Jul 2012 description

(CNS): Despite the fact that tuberculosis (TB) is curable and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is treatable, 350,000 people co-infected with the two diseases died in 2010, according to the World Health Organization (WHO). For most healthy people, the risk of developing active TB disease is very low, but, for people living with HIV (PLHIV), the risk is 20-30 times higher because HIV weakens the immune defence system. The two diseases are closely linked because TB is frequently the first opportunistic infection in PLHIV.

27 Jun 2012 description

Bobby Ramakant – CNS

(CNS): As world's largest AIDS conference (XIX International AIDS Conference) on the theme of 'turning the tide together' is about to open in US next month, CNS decided to share one of its interviews with noted expert on voluntary medical male circumcision and its role in HIV prevention. Voluntary medical male circumcision protects against HIV. "There are over 40 observational studies among heterosexual men, which show that circumcised men have about a 60% reduced risk of HIV compared to uncircumcised men.

18 Mar 2012 description

(CNS): Tuberculosis (TB) among children is rarely discussed. Because children, more often than not cannot speak for themselves, not much about how they're affected by the disease ever hits the headlines. This is despite the fact that TB remains among the top ten killers of children worldwide. In spite of this, virtually no public or political attention is paid to TB as a children’s health issue. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that approximately 176,000 children died, but the consensus among researchers says that actual figures are higher.