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ARC is a pioneering initiative seeking to build resilience to climate risks across Africa by combining sovereign risk insurance with strengthening of disaster risk management (DRM) systems and frameworks. Findings from a formative evaluation of ARC have recently been published and provide important insights and lessons pertinent to the global conversation on climate risk insurance and, more generally, on building the resilience of countries and vulnerable populations. The evaluation was commissioned by DFID and undertaken by OPM.
This Synthesis Report consolidates the evidence and lessons learned from the DFID-funded Shock-Responsive Social Protection Systems research programme, drawing on six country case studies and an international literature review (among other outputs).
This Literature Review reviews recent literature on the theory and practice of shock-responsive social protection initiatives and their effectiveness. It aims to strengthen the evidence base as to when and how social protection systems can better respond to shocks in low income countries and fragile and conflict-affected states, thus minimising negative shock impacts and reducing the need for separate humanitarian responses.
About this paper
This is the first in a series of papers from the ongoing research. Together, the set of papers will develop theoretical perspectives about the interface between social protection, humanitarian assistance and disaster risk management (DRM), review the latest literature and generate insights from new case studies across sub-Saharan Africa and Asia.
1.1 Costing emergency cash transfer programmes – the story so far
In September 2013, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) contracted Oxford Policy Management and the University of East Anglia to conduct Strategic Research into National and Local Capacity Building for Disaster Risk Management. Our central aim in the research is to draw lessons and guidance on ‘how to’ build DRM capacity in a range of contexts. Our research will analyse the characteristics, effectiveness and relative importance of a range of capacity building for DRM interventions across a variety of country contexts.
This literature review has been conducted by Oxford Policy Management and the University of East Anglia as part of a multi-donor research project led by IFRC focusing on Strategic Research into National and Local Capacity Building for Disaster Risk Management. The preliminary objective of the review is to identify the boundaries of what is known about capacity building for DRM, in order to use this knowledge as a foundation for designing the broader research project.