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Africa is at a tipping point. While efforts to achieve the goals outlined in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and Paris Agreement could drive positive changes following nearly a decade of economic growth across Africa, climate change threatens to derail these gains. Given that temperatures in Africa are rising, and are set to rise faster than the global average during the 21st Century, it is time to mainstream, scale-up and accelerate support for climate change adaptation across the continent.
Climate change, desertification, species loss, deforestation, floods and famine – these are the very real shared challenges we are facing as a planet in the 21st century, challenges that cannot be ignored.
For over 40 years, UN Environment has been the world’s leading environmental advocate, delivering scientific insight, setting the global agenda on the environment, offering solutions and providing leadership on critical environmental issues.
Climate risks threaten to derail development gains, cause spike in eco-migrants and undermine efforts to end poverty and hunger in the Arab Region
New UN Development Programme report highlights the challenges and opportunities of building climate resilience as the region works toward peaceful low-carbon climate-resilient development
Several countries have disaster risk management plans, which need to be taken into consideration in the process to formulate and implement NAPs.
Many Caribbean countries have already mainstreamed adaptation into national development plans and climate change policies
Robust institutional arrangements provide an enabling environment for advancing adaptation planning.
Climate change has far-reaching impacts on human health and well-being. Changing temperature and rainfall patterns impact crop yield, food and water security, and nutrition. The increased frequency and intensity of extreme events can cause not only injury, but also increase the risk of water-borne diseases (diarrhoeal disease, Hepatitis A and E, bacterial diseases such as cholera), diseases associated with crowding (measles, meningitis, acute respiratory infections) and vector-borne diseases (malaria, dengue), as well as psychological and emotional distress related to traumatic events.
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE
À PROPOS DU PRÉSENT RAPPORT
Engaging the private sector in identifying climate change risks, response measures, and adaptation needs to be a much higher priority in developing countries. The importance of the private sector role is evident from the increasing availability of empirical experience including lessons from adaptation projects supported by climate funds.
Another eventful year has passed and many
of the reforms we planted to strengthen the Global Environment Facility
(GEF), are bearing fruit. We have a number of successes detailed in this
annual report which offer a snapshot of nearly two decades of joint investment
in cross-border environmental challenges. I would like to draw your attention
to several outstanding achievements of the GEF since July 2007. Among them: