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By Roland Sutter, Research, Policy and Containment Team, Polio Eradication Department, WHO
In April 2016, the polio programme embarked on a massive, coordinated effort to withdraw Sabin type-2 from routine use, through a synchronized switch from the trivalent formulation of the oral poliovirus vaccine (tOPV) to the bivalent form (bOPV). Over a two-week period, 155 countries and territories successfully made this change, marking the largest and fastest vaccine rollout in history.
“We reconfirm our resolve to work with partners to eradicate polio and effectively manage the post-polio transition.”
World leaders gathered in Charlevoix, Canada last week to discuss the most critical issues facing the planet today, including their reaffirmed commitment to a polio-free world.
Flexible support to Nigeria also approved.
In the fight against the virus, two important tools are used to help prevent polio – two safe, effective vaccines. Only through full funding of these vaccines can worldwide immunity be achieved, and the virus eradicated.
Polio discussions at this year’s World Health Assembly
28 May 2018, Geneva, Switzerland: ‘Eradicate first’ was the mantra at last week’s World Health Assembly (WHA). While holding detailed discussions to plan for a polio-free world, delegates emphasized the need to finish the job of eradication.
Contributions to WHO and UNICEF will help end polio in Afghanistan, and fund global eradication efforts.
Last month, Canada signed a generous pledge of Can$ 100 million to help eradicate polio in Afghanistan as well as in the two other endemic countries, Nigeria and Pakistan, and to continue to protect many polio-free countries. The pledge was announced by the Honourable Marie-Claude Bibeau, Minister of International Development and La Francophonie, at the 2017 Rotary International Convention in Atlanta.
This World Immunization Week, let’s take a few moments to remember what our world really looked like before vaccines.
Fear of paralysis, severe illness, or death from polio and smallpox was a very real and pervasive reality for people worldwide within living memory.
In 1977, the world was close to finally being smallpox free. The number of people infected had dwindled to only one man; a young hospital cook and health worker from Merca, Somalia named Ali Maaow Malin.
Women are critical in the fight against polio. From reaching every child with polio vaccines to ensuring their children receive the protection they deserve, women are at the heart of polio eradication efforts.
Global Commission for Certification of Poliomyelitis Eradication (GCC) meet in Geneva to review criteria for certification
On 26-27 February 2018, the Global Commission for Certification of Poliomyelitis Eradication (GCC) met in Geneva, Switzerland, to review the criteria that will need to be met to achieve global certification of wild poliovirus (WPV) eradication.
With fewer cases of WPV reported from fewer countries than ever before, the GCC is accelerating its work to prepare for the eventual certification that WPVs have been eradicated from the world.
Responding to a poliovirus event and outbreak, Part 1: General (SOPs) describes the general principles and steps to facilitate timely and effective responses to poliovirus events and outbreaks, and incorporate lessons learned from recent previous outbreak response efforts. This document summarizes roles and responsibilities of national governments and Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) partners.
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health is partnering with institutions in seven countries to help document and disseminate knowledge from the polio programme
Reducing polio cases by 99.9% globally is an incredible feat, achieved through innovative strategies and years of trial and error.
Member states commended for support of polio eradication efforts at the recent Islamic Conference of Health Ministers in Jeddah
Global progress and renewed commitment brought us closer than ever to a world without polio
Every last hiding place
At the beginning of 2017, progress continued towards each of the Endgame Plan’s four objectives. The world has never been closer to eradicating polio, with fewer cases in fewer areas of fewer countries than at any time in the past.
High level support from Ministers of Health is critical to ensure polio eradication success.
Michel Zaffran, Director of Polio Eradication at the World Health Organization, spoke to Gavi about the difficulties in vaccinating every child and what the success of the polio eradication programme means for our work to tackle other diseases.
Read the original interview here.
For World Polio Day on 24 October, the world celebrated the unsung heroes of the eradication effort. How important have volunteers been in eradicating polio so far?
Mountains, floods, deserts, long distances can all make it harder to reach every last child with vaccine
Before a vaccination campaign begins, health workers must piece together a huge amount of information to every last child is reached with the polio vacine
This little girl is Kapia. She lives in a small village, surrounded by jungle, in a remote part of the countryside. There are no medical doctors in her village. The nearest clinic is hundreds of kilometres away. And she has just received two drops of polio vaccine, protecting her from the potentially paralytic disease.
New funding from the UK for polio eradication will immunize up to 45 million children a year against polio.
The United Kingdom is helping make history by eradicating a human disease for just the second time ever, after smallpox. On August 4, Secretary of State for International Development, Priti Patel announced £100 million in new funding to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, which will help to give the world’s children protection against this crippling disease.