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The Asian Disaster Reduction Center (ADRC), which was established in Kobe in July 1998, will celebrate its 20th anniversary this year. Since its founding, ADRC has been focused on promoting multilateral disaster risk reduction cooperation at the community, national, and regional levels all across Asia and the Pacific.
1. Outline of Asian Disaster Reduction Center
1) Background of Establishment
(1) International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR) (2) World Conference on International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (3) Ministerial-level Asian Natural Disaster Reduction Conference
(1) Articles of ADRC (2) Member Countries
3) Primary Policies
(1) Missions and Objectives (2) Main Activities
2. Main Activities of ADRC
Fiscal year 2014 saw an increasing number of huge typhoons and cyclones, torrential rains and storms, which might have been influenced by climate changes at global scale. These disasters, and the subsequent floods and landslides caused the loss of many lives and the destruction of massive amounts of property, leading to a further increase of roles and responsibilities of ADRC in natural disasters risk reduction in Asia.
It is said that natural disasters know no borders. Indeed, countries all across Asia experienced a variety of disasters, including earthquakes, typhoons, floods, forest fires, drought, and landslides, and these regularly resulted in the loss of many precious lives and a tremendous amount of property.
The Asian Disaster Reduction Center (ADRC) Natural Disasters Data Book 2012 provides the statistical perspectives in figures and tables for 2012 as well as for the period 1983-2012 based on data obtained by EM-DAT.
According to EM-DAT, 328 natural disasters occurred in 2012 worldwide, killing 10,783 people and affecting over 104 million people. The estimated amount of economic damage came close to US$142 billion.
The Asian Disaster Reduction Center (ADRC) Natural Disasters Data Book 2011 provides the statistical perspectives in figures and tables for 2011 as well as for the period 1975-2011 based on data obtained by EM-DAT.
According to EM-DAT, 196 natural disasters occurred in 2011 worldwide, killing about 28,800 people and affecting over 85 million people. The estimated amount of economic damage came close to US$290 billion.
Indian Ocean Tsunami on 26 December 2004
Brief Explanation of Disaster Situration
The 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake was an earthquake that struck under the ocean. occurring at 00:58:53 UDC (07:58:53 local time on December 26. 2014. The earthquake generated one of the deadliest in modern history, killing over 200,000 people.
This handbook describes the Total Disaster Risk
Management (TDRM) concept and related good practices. The handbooks includes
three main sections:
- Natural disaster risk:
- Concept of total disaster risk management
- Good practices.
Published for the UN World Conference on Disaster Reduction to be held on 18-22 January 2005 in Kobe, Japan, this handbook is intended to facilitate an enhanced understanding of the TDRM approach and its applications.