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By Emma Bjertén-Günther (SIPRI), Yeonju Jung (SIPRI), Johanna Poutanen (CMI), Silja Grundström (CMI), Maria Ristimäki (CMI)
Major misconceptions continue to weaken efforts to make gender-sensitive peace mediation a reality. Here are six persisting myths standing in the way of progress.
The last year has seen significant global challenges, including an unprecedented level of humanitarian need, rising inequality and exclusion, growing climate change impacts, and increasing threats to our shared security. Nevertheless, the international community has taken important steps in addressing these challenges by implementing the recent bold commitments to foster sustainable peace.
European perspectives in the context of Eastern Partnership
One of the biggest challenges for the international community when addressing territorial conflicts is the difficulty of developing a meaningful strategy of engagement that under international law would encompass both the principle of territorial integrity and of the right for self-determination of people.
Western donor policies directed towards 'peace state- building ' in Africa have not had the desired effect in terms of creating stability, development and human prosperity, It is evident that the gap between donor rhetoric and empirical realities is widening, Hence, there is a need for critically rethinking approaches to peace and state building.
CMI's heart beats for peace. Our ultimate goal is bringing conflicts to an end so that sustainable peace is achievable. A major part of CMI's work is networking for peace, supporting local decision makers in building stability and encouraging conflict parties to a dialogue. The CMI way of doing things is pulling together international peacebuilding experts and local experience. Over the past decade CMI has gained valuable knowledge of different peacebuilding and conflict solving methods. CMI tailors the models accordingly and turns thinking into action.
Western donor policies directed towards 'peace as state-building' in Africa have not had the desired effect in terms of creating stability, development and human prosperity. It is evident that the gap between donor rhetoric and empirical realities is widening. Hence, there is a need for critically rethinking approaches to peace and state building.
The year 2008 was significant for the Crisis Management Initiative. We made progress on many fronts, through pioneering new and effective approaches to conflict resolution and statebuilding. Our private diplomacy and good offices contributed at highest international levels of policy and decision-making.
The use of Information and Communications Technology (ICT) is becoming more and more commonplace around the world and the spread of mobile phones, computers and the internet even to the remotest places of the world is evident. In addition to their intrinsic value, the value of using ICT as a means to achieve more significant development related goals, has been widely recognized. In a post-conflict context the use of ICT is a means of enabling effective and sustainable state-building.
Modern conflicts are often rooted in ineffective and exclusive governance.
It is increasingly apparent that effective state-building is critical for global peace and security and that preventing state fragility and supporting state-building are the most important tasks facing the international community today.
Developing Africa into functioning states has become a firm priority of African leaders, African organizations, foreign governments, and multilateral institutions. Yet there is no "one size fits all" road map for African state-building.
The purpose of this issue paper is to reflect on the perceptions and understandings of EU policy-makers, members of the European Parliament, and some key peacebuilding and conflict resolution experts, pertaining to the role of international peace mediation, and to provide recommendations on how some of these needs can be addressed in a coherent way.
Due to the complexity of conflicts and crises, many governments and organisations are currently in a process of developing their concepts and approaches for comprehensive crisis management, which have not necessarily been shared with partners. Whilst there is no commonly accepted definition for the 'Comprehensive Approach', there is broad agreement that it implies the pursuit of an approach aimed at integrating the political, security, development, rule of law, human rights and humanitarian dimensions of international missions.
This study aims to improve the understanding of information sharing models and interoperability in national, cross-border and international crisis management. The project's four case studies have been chosen to reflect four different types of crisis: natural disaster (Portuguese forest fires), accident (Barents Rescue Exercise), complex emergency (humanitarian assistance in DR Congo) and post-conflict state-building (EU Police Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina).
Information management and information
sharing appears to be an ongoing topic in the field of crisis response.
Work on this is conducted in many fronts with many different settings.
The recent disasters in Burma and China have once again revealed the importance
of accurate information for effective response.
Highlights of 2007
- Our report "Priorities in Rebuilding Civil Administration in Post-Conflict Countries" injected new ideas for working together on state-building in a challenging environment
- Our work with mediation and gender suggested innovative options for addressing gender issues in peace processes
- Our work with the local partners in the Black Sea region created spaces for dialogue between civil society and authorities
- Our workshop on Transatlantic Crisis Management provided space for EU and US practitioners and policy makers to discuss ways to create …
The European Union and the United States
are carrying out an increasing number of crisis management missions in
response to a variety of conflicts around the world. Turning fragile states
into functioning democracies has clearly become one of the most demanding
security challenges of our time. Moreover, the environments and circumstances
in which crisis management operations are being carried out are ever more
complex, interdependent and hazardous.
The CMI workshop, Priorities and Sequencing
in Rebuilding Civil Administration in Post-Conflict Countries, brought
together experts from international organisations and national governments
to discuss how best to undertake the process of setting up country-specific
priorities and determine the right kind of sequencing required to rebuild
civil administration during the post-conflict phase. The representation
of a Programme Specialist of the Liberian Government provided a welcomed
viewpoint from a national government.
Throughout CMI's existence it has worked
in the wider arena of "crisis management" - as the name of the
organisation stipulates. At the same time, however, it has been clear to
everyone involved in CMI's work that there is still a lot of narrowing
down to do. Through the strategy revaluation process the organisation has
been doing exactly that.
CMI has supported the authors of this study to conduct a background report on the institutional capacities of the African Union in the field of peace and security in addition to the key policies that the European Union has developed towards Africa. Due to the short duration and the constant evolution of the relationship between the AU, the RECs and the EU, there are not many up-to-date studies available about the issue.