Most read reports
- UNHCR appeals for urgent action as new Mediterranean mid-winter deaths reported
- Vital protection for refugee and migrant children making perilous sea journeys to Europe urgently needed
- World Economic Forum 2019 Annual Meeting launching a new Humanitarian Investing Initiative
- UNHCR appalled at news of refugee and migrant deaths on Mediterranean Sea
- Why Are so Many Humanitarian Crises Under-reported?
Since the beginning of this year Ethiopia has more new conflict-driven Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) than any other country in the world, with over 1.4 million in 2018. Of the approximately 2.8 million total IDPs in Ethiopia, over 2.2 million are displaced due to conflict with the over 500,000 remaining displaced by climatic shocks, including drought- and flood-induced food insecurity. An estimated 7.9 million people in Ethiopia are in need of emergency food assistance, with those internally displaced being some of the most affected.
The United States provided over $8 billion in humanitarian assistance in FY 2017, including nearly $3.4 billion from the State Department’s Bureau of Population, Refugees and Migration (PRM). These funds provide life-saving assistance and protection to the world’s 68.5 million forcibly displaced people, including 25.3 million refugees, and millions of internally displaced persons (IDPs), conflict victims, stateless persons, and vulnerable migrants. PRM also leads U.S.
Although European and African efforts to reduce irregular migration have successfully lowered overall numbers entering Europe, some migrants are transiting increasingly hazardous smuggling routes across the Sahara Desert and Mediterranean Sea, risking human rights abuses and indefinite detention. The UN’s voluntary humanitarian return program assisted over 19,000 migrants to return to their home countries from Libya in 2017, up from around 3,000 assisted migrant returns from Libya in 2016. An estimated 400,000–700,000 migrants live in detention in Libya.
The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that over 525,000 children under the age of five die of diarrheal disease every year. Approximately 58% of these deaths are due to inadequate water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH). Although use of basic sanitation has increased since 2000, 2.3 billion people still lack this essential service. The economic losses from poor WASH in middle and low income countries are $260 billion annually.
Trafficking in persons, also known as modern slavery or human trafficking, is a crime involving the exploitation of someone for the purposes of compelled labor or a commercial sex act through the use of force, fraud, or coercion. Where a person younger than 18 is induced to perform a commercial sex act, it is a crime regardless of whether there is any force, fraud, or coercion. Victims can be anyone from around the world or right next door: women and men, adults and children, citizens and noncitizens alike.
The United States provided over $7 billion in humanitarian assistance in FY 2016, including more than $3.4 billion from the State Department’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration (PRM). These funds provided life-saving assistance and protection to the world’s 22 million refugees, and to millions of internally displaced persons (IDPs), conflict victims, stateless persons, and vulnerable migrants.
May 29th marked the International Day of United Nations Peacekeepers. More than 3,500 peacekeepers have died since the first mission in 1948. As of April 30, 2017, over 112,000 troops, observers, police, and civilians representing 124 countries were participating in 16 UN Peacekeeping Operations (UNPKOs) at a cost of $7.87 billion. However, UN peacekeeping represents only one part of the international community’s investment toward the prevention of relapse into violent conflict.
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) launched in 2000 sought to halve by 2015 the proportion of the world’s population without sustainable access to improved water sources and sanitation facilities. By 2015, about 2.6 billion additional people had gained access to improved water sources since 1990, the baseline year for the MDGs, thus meeting the MDG target. However, 663 million people still do not have access to improved water sources.
Worldwide, international migrants account for a relatively stable share of the total global population. The number continues to grow by about 2 percent annually.
Two-thirds of all migrants originate from middle-income countries and most migrants move within their own regions.
Of the 7.4 billion people in the world, 244 million (about 3.3 percent) are international migrants. Nearly 25 million of those are refugees or asylum seekers.
Approximately 12 million people lived in protracted refugee situations* around the world at the end of 2015, comprising nearly two-thirds of the global refugee population. A protracted refugee situation exists when 25,000 or more refugees originating from the same country have sought refuge in another country for at least five consecutive years.
*These numbers include people in a refugee-like situation
The American people, through the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), support the global HIV/AIDS response through bilateral and regional programs in 65 countries. As a result of this commitment, the U.S. supported life-saving treatment for 11.5 million men, women and children worldwide. In addition, the United States is the largest donor to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.
European Mitigation Efforts
Since 2015, over 1,342,000 migrants and asylum seekers have arrived by sea, and over 2,237,000 have lodged asylum applications to European countries.
The European Commission announced a Partnership Framework to deepen cooperation with countries of origin, transit, and destination, beginning with readmission to home countries of economic migrants and rejected asylum seekers from Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Mali, and Ethiopia.
This map series depicts the state of the global HIV epidemic and response at three points in time. Between 2000 and 2015, access to antiretroviral therapy increased around the world and new infections decreased. Projections for 2020 show progress that will accompany further increases in the number of people receiving antiretroviral therapy.
By the end of 2015, more than 65 million people were forcibly displaced due to conflict: the highest number ever reported. Conflict had internally displaced 40.8 million persons and 21.3 million refugees had fled across borders because of war and persecution. An additional 3.2 million people in industrialized countries were awaiting decisions on asylum.
Statelessness is a global problem - it affects half the world's countries - with an estimated 10-15 million people deprived of a nationality. The map shows the locations of stateless or at risk populations numbering 500 or more, highlighting countries with the highest concentration. The data is incomplete and contains estimates; 70% is not collected or acknowledged by the countries where the stateless live. The single largest cause of statelessness is inheritance of status, with at least 5 million stateless children and a new one born every 10 minutes.