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11th Annual Joint Consultative Meeting of the Political and Security Committee of the European Union and of the Peace and Security Council of the African Union
23 October 2018
CHILD TRAFFICKING: WHO ARE THE VICTIMS AND THE CRIMINAL NETWORKS TRAFFICKING THEM IN AND INTO THE EU 18 October 2018
New Europol report on child trafficking provides up-to-date intelligence picture on criminal phenomenon One of the most serious aspects of this phenomenon is the role of the family, with Europol receiving regular notifications of children being sold to criminal networks by their families. In some cases they engage directly in the trafficking and exploitation of their own children.
In the first nine months of 2018, the number of irregular border crossings into the EU via the top four migratory routes fell by a third from a year ago to about 100 100, mainly because of lower migratory pressure on the Central Mediterranean route.
In September, some 12 900 irregular crossings were detected on the main migratory routes into the EU, 21% fewer than in the same month of last year.
The guidelines produced during the project DARWIN and provided in this document represent 13 topics belonging to 6 higher-level themes, captured in the table below. The topics, addressed through Capability Cards, capture a significant amount of information, structured around five main sections:
• Purpose, which highlights the overall objective and scope of the CC.
The Council today adopted conclusions on climate change which emphasise the unprecedented urgency which is needed to step up global efforts to avoid the dangerous effects of climate change. Climate change is happening and its effects are being felt all over the world. Environment ministers are sending a strong political signal in these conclusions, which constitute the basis for the EU's position at the forthcoming COP24 climate conference in Katowice, Poland, in December.
The European Union is a strong supporter of the Action for Peacekeeping initiative of Secretary-General Guterres, as well as of the Declaration of Shared Commitments on UN Peacekeeping Operations. And it will continue to play an active and constructive role in the negotiations on the budget concerning this priority. But let us also be frank: UN peacekeeping must become far more effective and efficient so as to confront the new conflicts and crises that arise every day around the world.
In the face of rising global levels of violent conflict, we – the United Nations (UN) and the European Union (EU) – have identified a new set of forward-looking priorities for cooperation on peace operations and crisis management in 2019-2021. These priorities form part of the broader EU – UN partnership where we will continue to engage together in promoting multilateralism and a rules-based order as the most effective way for addressing pressing global challenges.
In the first seven months of 2018, the number of irregular border crossings into the EU via the top four migratory routes fell by 43 per cent from a year ago to about 73 500, mainly because of lower migratory pressure on the Central Mediterranean route.
In July, some 14 900 irregular crossings were detected on the main migratory routes into the EU, 18% fewer than in the same month of last year.
There are an estimated 370 million indigenous people worldwide, living across 90 countries. They make up less than 5 per cent of the world's population, but account for 15 per cent of the poorest. Nevertheless, indigenous peoples contribute to the diversity and richness of civilizations and cultures and indeed to our common heritage. The EU, together with the rest of the world, celebrates this contribution on International Day for the World’s Indigenous Peoples.
The migration flow continued to decrease remaining largely under control; coordination and cooperation remain crucial
An array of response measures, ranging from coordinated enhancement of border-controls by the most affected countries to policy actions supported by the EU, introduced at the end of 2015 and maintained throughout 2016 and 2017, contributed to a marked reduction in the volume of the non-regional migration flow observed in the Western Balkans.
- Overall, the number of illegal border-crossings by non-regional migrants recorded at the green borders in Q1 2018 was slightly below the values of both Q1 and Q4 2017, in spite of seasonality; Indications that migrants are searching for alternative routing to bypass the enhanced controls on the main Serbia-centred corridor, continued being observed into Q1 2018.
- Lower pressure reported at Serbia’s northern common borders with Croatia, Hungary and Romania.
- Continued increase in migration pressure along the Albania.
Recent analyses released by the European Asylum Support Office (EASO) reveal that the number of applications for international protection lodged in the EU+ in June 2018 registered a slight decrease compared to the previous month **_i_**. Approximately 51 300 applications were lodged in June; about 1 600 fewer than in May, while in the first half of 2018, some 301 390 applications were lodged in the EU+, a 15% decrease compared to the first half of 2017 **_ii_**.
The Ministers/Representatives of Cambodia, Lao PDR, Myanmar, Thailand, and Viet Nam (hereafter referred to as the “Lower Mekong Countries”); the European Union, the Governments of Australia, Japan, New Zealand, Republic of Korea, and the United States; and the World Bank (hereafter referred to as the “Development Partners”); and Mekong River Commission (MRC), collectively referred to as “the Participants,”
In the spirit of promoting continued cooperation to support inclusive and sustainable development among the Lower Mekong Countries;
Every year millions of people fall into the hands of traffickers. Trafficking in human beings is one of the most profitable forms of organised crime, generating billions of Euros for criminal networks.
Last week, a Frontex surveillance airplane started monitoring the EU’s external borders in the Western Balkans area as part of Frontex Multipurpose Aerial Surveillance (MAS). This is a swift and tailored response to the request made by Croatian authorities to monitor the migration flows and help Croatia, as well as the neighbouring Western Balkan countries, address the challenges on the ground.
In the first half of 2018, the total number of irregular border crossings into the EU nearly halved from a year ago to about 60 430, mainly because of lower migratory pressure on the Central Mediterranean route.
In June, some 13 100 irregular crossings were detected on the main migratory routes into the EU, 56% fewer than in the same month of last year.
The common analysis and guidance note on Afghanistan are the result of a pilot process for the development of country guidance.
This pilot process was completed successfully with the endorsement of the guidance note by the EASO Management Board during its 28th meeting in June 2018. In addition to providing guidance on one of the main countries of origin for applicants for international protection in the EU, this pilot served as a basis for consolidating the methodology for development of country guidance, and as a model for future notes.