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This Guidebook describes the principles, tools and practices of three (3) urban disaster risk and resilience indicator systems based on EMI’s collective experience in implementing them in various urban settings in the last decade with local authorities. The objective of the Guidebook and the case studies presented here is to describe the methodology and participatory processes for developing, customizing and implementing these indicator systems with the aim of supporting urban professionals in their DRM decision-making.
1. Urbanization and disaster risk
The year 2007 is unique in human history since the world urban population will exceed its rural population for the first time. However, nearly one-third of the urban population lives in marginal settlements or slums with very high population density and inadequate access to public infrastructure.
The trend towards urbanization is ever increasing and by 2030 more than 60% of the people are expected to live in cities, with unprecedented concentrations of population in big cities and megacities.