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Displacement in the context of disasters is a global and increasing phenomenon. Since 2008, disasters stemming from natural hazards have displaced an average of 24.6 million people each year – the equivalent to one person per second. This Information Sheet examines displacement that arises as a result of disasters and climate change, and distinguishes between internal displacement and cross-border displacement.
Children are highly vulnerable to disasters, in part due to their young age, dependency needs and developmental status. In disasters nearly all the rights of children are implicated – ranging from basic survival to freedom from abuse and exploitation, and access to health care and education. All too often, at the critical juncture following a major disaster, children are relegated to the margins. This Information Sheet examines the specific rights and needs of children in disasters.
Information Sheet: Human Rights in Disasters
Gender based violence (GBV) is any act or threat of harm inflicted on a person because of their gender. Specific factors which can facilitate increased rates of GBV during a disaster include: the weakening of community and institutional protection mechanisms; disruption of services and community life; destruction of infrastructure; separation of families; displacement; and limited access to justice and health services. This Information Sheet highlights the extent and impact of gender based violence on women and children in disasters, and required actions to prevent and respond to GBV.
When a disaster such as a flood, earthquake or typhoon strikes, local communities are the first to respond to rescue those in peril and to provide support and assistance to those in need. Often, the international community will also respond, by providing humanitarian assistance and expertise. However, there is no such thing as a “natural” disaster. Disasters occur when a natural hazard overwhelms a vulnerable community. Therefore, reducing individual and community vulnerabilities while strengthening their resilience is the core of disaster risk reduction (DRR).
“Disasters do not strike departments or committees, they strike communities. In the long run we will not be successful in reducing risks if our laws merely distribute responsibilities among dedicated agencies and expert groups.”
What is International Disaster Law?
International disaster law (IDL) focuses on the legal issues arising from the preparation for, response to and recovery from different natural hazards, such as earthquakes or storms, as well as human-made disasters such as large-scale industrial accidents.
Irish Red Cross welcomes final migrants from Greece under EU relocation programme.
The Irish Red Cross was at Baldonnel this afternoon to welcome the final 129 migrants due to arrive in Ireland from Greece under the EU relocation programme, signifying the conclusion of Ireland’s participation in this programme. With the arrival of this special charter flight, Ireland has now received all the migrants available for relocation to Ireland from Greece.
Launch of the 2016 annual report
2,299 patients in Ireland received first aid treatment from Irish Red Cross volunteers in 2016. These volunteers gave 200,000 hours of voluntary service which represents a 20% increase on 2015. These and other insights are detailed in the Irish Red Cross’ 2016 Annual Report which was launched recently by Minister for Defence Paul Kehoe and Irish Red Cross Chairman Pat Carey at the Irish Red Cross shop in Newbridge, Co Kildare.
The Olympic Council of Ireland (OCI) today donated in excess of €80,000 retail worth of New Balance sportswear to the Irish Red Cross for migrants arriving in Ireland under the Irish Refugee Protection Programme (IRPP).
The donation comes on receipt of a grant from the International Olympic Committee (IOC) to the OCI. Additionally, the OCI gained the support of their Olympic Clothing sponsor New Balance in order to maximise the positive impact of the IOC grant.
The Irish Red Cross has released a further €100,000 from its Migration Crisis Appeal to help migrants in Greece cope with plummeting temperatures.More than 27,000 winter kits for babies, children and adults have been distributed to those arriving at the Greek islands and mainland and those sheltering in transit camps. Cold and wet weather remain a major concern throughout the country.
Irish Red Cross has appointed an eight-person task force as part of the society’s scaling up of operations to assist victims of the migration crisis.
The task force was announced last Saturday following a meeting of the Irish Red Cross board. Irish Red Cross Chair, Pat Carey, said the composition of the task force reflects the areas of competence within the Irish Red Cross likely to be most relevant to supporting migrants that arrive in Ireland.
Mines and other ‘explosive remnants of war’ can litter a country, continuing to kill and maim long after a conflict has ended. This pollution left behind by armed conflict can not only cause horrific injuries but also deprives people of access to their livelihoods, farmland, water, health care, and education. Today [4 April] is International Day for Mine Awareness, a day to not only remember the victims of mines and the existing dangers but to also seek to prevent further weapons contamination.
The International Department of the Irish Red Cross is delighted to launch its new five year Africa Strategy which outlines the Society's overall strategic objectives in Africa over the period 2009-2014. It is strongly situated within the framework of and contributes to the goals of our International Strategy 2007-2012 and was formulated after extensive consultation and discussion with both internal and external stakeholders.