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Background study for the Disaster Response Dialogue Conference Manila, Philippines, October 2014
Better cooperation between international and local actors, especially the government, is necessary to help improve the effectiveness of the response to the humanitarian consequences of natural disasters. The Disaster Response Dialogue (DRD) commissioned DARA and HERE-Geneva to conduct an independent study on humanitarian financing to disaster-affected governments and other national actors, looking at how the relationships and cooperation can be improved.
At no time in history has there been such need for broad, international action to provide effective humanitarian aid to millions of people suffering from crises. In 2014, the world experienced a surge in humanitarian crises, with 5 countries being given the L3 emergency status: Syria, Central African Republic, Iraq, South Sudan and the Philippines. Over US$ 10 billion were spent on humanitarian relief in 2014.
Evaluation Report April 2014
Despite overall awareness of the need to invest efforts in increasing Disaster Risk Management (DRM) among vulnerable country governments and the international aid community, there is a gap between high level commitments and actual achievements on the ground.
European Union (EU) Member States, the European Commission and the European Parliament reached agreement on the European Consensus on Humanitarian Aid in 2007. It provides a strong policy framework and “common vision” for the EU and Member States in developing their humanitarian policies and strategies. It has also functioned as an important document for promoting humanitarian principles. In order to make the political commitment to this framework more concrete, an Action Plan for implementation was agreed upon in 2008.
To mark its 25th anniversary, the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation (AECID), in collaboration with DARA, hosted three dialogues on humanitarian aid effectiveness in October and November 2013. Speakers included Valerie Amos, UN Under-Secretary General and Emergency Relief Coordinator; Peter Maurer, President of the International Committee of the Red Cross; and Claus Sørensen, Director General of Humanitarian Aid and Civil Protection Department,
ECHO. Representatives of the Spanish humanitarian community, including UN agencies and NGOs, attended the events.
New language has entered the humanitarian lexicon. One of the latest additions is the term “risk management”, which has increasingly become part of discussions within the sector. It is one of the (sub-) themes for the World Humanitarian Summit, scheduled for 2016. The Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) has asked DARA to deliver a study that provides evidence of the need for humanitarian actors to include risk management in their work.
By Ed Schenkenberg
AECID (Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation) and DARA welcomed Valerie Amos, UN Under-Secretary General and Emergency Relief Coordinator, to the first of three HardTalk dialogues on humanitarian action effectiveness on October 15th.
In the run-up to its 10th anniversary in 2013, DARA spent much of 2012 taking stock and getting ready for the future. After five consecutive annual publications, we asked donors and others in the humanitarian sector for their views on the Humanitarian Response Index (HRI).
The Climate Vulnerability Monitor 2nd Edition reveals that climate change has already held back global development and inaction is a leading global cause of death. Harm is most acute for poor and vulnerable groups but no country is spared either the costs of inaction or the benefits of an alternative path.
Commissioned by the world’s most vulnerable countries and backed by high-level and technical panels, the new Monitor estimates human and economic impacts of climate change and the carbon economy for 184 countries in 2010 and 2030, across 34 indicators.
Each year more than 200 million people are affected by disasters. In 2011 humanitarian needs continued to rise and UNHCR recorded the number of people forcibly displaced worldwide at 43.7 million, the highest number in 15 years. However, the international response continued to inadequately anticipate, prevent, prepare for and respond to increasing humanitarian crises, as demonstrated by the famine crisis in the Horn of Africa, proving that DARA's work is more needed than ever. Here is an overview of what we did in 2011.
By Ari Huhtala, Director of Policy and Programmes, CDKN
The Climate Vulnerable Forum (CVF), established two years ago, is finding a place and voice in the international community as a convenor of countries that share one common threat: particularly strong exposure to the effects of climate change. At a side event in Rio on 19 June, ably moderated by the Foreign Secretary of Bangladesh Mohamed Mirajul Quayes, we heard the perspectives of three active member countries, complemented by three expert discussants.
Many faces of climate vulnerability
The report of DARA’s evaluation of the Consortium of British Humanitarian Agencies (CBHA) pilot phase has been published.
The CBHA is a partnership initiative by 15 leading organisations which aims to strengthen the coordination and capacity of the NGO sector to deliver appropriate, high quality and quicker humanitarian assistance to populations affected by disaster. The pilot consisted of five elements: a pooled fund for emergency response, support for capacity building, support for improved surge capacity, support for logistic chain management, and learning from the pilot.
New DARA Research on Humanitarian Aid from Donor Governments Finds Limited Progress; Systemic Issues Persist in Providing Effective Aid – Lives Lost That Could Have Been Saved
Humanitarian Response Index Identifies Persistent Systemic Issues: Lack of Prevention-Oriented Strategies; Insufficient Accountability; Slow Progress in De-Politicization of Aid
UNICEF has contracted two DARA consultants to carry out an evaluation of its capacity development initiatives on emergency preparedness and response (EPR) and Conflict/Disaster Risk Reduction (C/DRR) in the education sector, and its impact on institutionalisation efforts in 24 countries in the West and Central Africa region (WCAR).
1 ‐ Executive Summary
This is the report of the Real Time Evaluation of the International Humanitarian Community’s response to the 2010 Floods in Pakistan. The evaluation was commissioned by the Inter‐Agency Standing Committee (IASC), funded by OCHA and undertaken by a team of four evaluators between January and March 2011. The team visited Pakistan two times.
By Matthew McKinnon, Head of Climate Vulnerability Initiative, DARA International. DARA played a key role in assisting the Government of Bangladesh to host the Climate Vulnerable Forum in November 2011. The Forum’s Outcome Notes are available online; the Forum – a gathering of those developing countries most vulnerable to climate change – was also supported by CDKN.
A word from Ross Mountain: December 2011
Amid the debate on proposals for substantial cuts to the State Department’s foreign aid budget on the basis that it has been a poor investment without the expected results, it is crucial that legislators in Congress are fully aware of the vital role the US plays as the largest humanitarian donor. The failure of the “Super committee” to reach an agreement makes this even more urgent.
“We urge donors to link policy reviews to practice and renew their commitment to the Good Humanitarian Donorship Principles.”
Almost one month away from the Humanitarian Response Index 2011 presentation, Philip Tamminga talks about initial findings on gender, politicisation and humanitarian reform.
Philip Tamminga is Head of DARA’s Humanitarian Response Index.
06DECEMBER 2011 15:00 GMT+2
• Ministers and representatives of countries highly vulnerable to climate change met in Durban at COP17 amid a lack of concrete outcomes in international climate talks