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Children in Armed Conflict
Children are particularly vulnerable to the effects of armed conflict. They may be separated from their caregivers, their education may be interrupted or prevented from commencing, and in many respects they are less able to withstand physical and mental trauma. Children are more easily recruited into armed forces or armed non-State actors (ANSAs), and in addition to combat roles, may be used as spies, porters, informants, even in some cases for sexual purposes.
2014 was marked by an increase in the number and intensity of non-international armed conflicts in different contexts and countries. These conflicts are taking a dramatic toll on civilian populations, forcing families to leave their homes or children to enrol as fighters. More than ever, dialogue with armed non-State actors (ANSAs) is necessary for the protection of civilian populations from the effects of armed conflict.
Can a hospital be targeted if the enemy is inside and targeting you? Can you enrol young people as combatants without being sure they are 18? Can you pretend to surrender in order to attack your enemy by surprise? These are the types of questions—and they sometimes involve complex answers—that many combatants in armed groups might ask themselves in conflict areas. Geneva Call’s new mobile application quiz – called Fighter, not Killer- is available in English, French and Arabic and provides the answers to these questions in a simple yet meticulous way.