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More than 40 percent of the world's population
is at risk of malaria. Each year there are between one and three million
deaths from malaria and an estimated five billion cases of the disease.
The majority of the deaths occur among young children; 850,000 children
under the age of 5 die annually from malaria and 94 percent of these deaths
occur in Africa. Contracting malaria during pregnancy, particularity the
first or second pregnancy, increases the risk of severe disease, including
the risk of severe anemia, maternal death, miscarriage, premature birth
or low birth weight.
Over the past ten years, the global community has used targeted and effective methods to save the lives of millions of children. Despite these improvements, investments in child health have not kept pace with the needs, and more than 10 million children under the age of five continue to die each year. This is equal to half the number of children under age five living in the US, a staggering 30,000 child deaths per day. Fortunately, most child are preventable through expanded access to simple and proven methods. With commitment and sources , we can erate both child survival and development.
The Global Health Opportunities
report highlights the priorities for improving health in the world's poorest
communities based on objective analyses; identifies best buys for addressing
these priorities effectively and a reasonable cost; lays out the global
resources need from all sources; and, identifies concrete investments that
the United States should make to continue leading the global community
into an era of improved health across the world.