Most read reports
- United Nations, World Bank, and Humanitarian Organizations Launch Innovative Partnership to End Famine [EN/AR]
- Crop Prospects and Food Situation, No. 3, September 2018
- African Risk Capacity Becomes a Member of the World Economic Forum
- ECOWAS forum urges modernisation of hydromet and disaster risk management services
- A Future Stolen: Young and out of school
Klugman, Jeni; Marianne Dahl & Ingrid Vik Bakken (2018) The Women, Peace, and Security Index: A Global Index of Women’s Wellbeing, PRIO Paper. Oslo: PRIO.
Bakken, Ingrid Vik & Siri Aas Rustad (2018) Conflict Trends in Africa, 1989–2017, Conflict Trends, 6. Oslo: PRIO.
Dupuy, Kendra & Siri Aas Rustad (2018) Trends in Armed Conflict, 1946–2017, Conflict Trends, 5. Oslo: PRIO.
2017 was one of the most violent years since the end of the Cold War. While violence levels decreased slightly from the all-time high of 2016, non-state conflicts and internationalized intrastate conflicts continue to challenge the international community’s ability to achieve global peace.
Jumbert, Maria Gabrielsen; Rocco Bellanova & Raphaël Gellert (2018) Smart Phones for Refugees: Tools for Survival, or Surveillance?, PRIO Policy Brief, 4. Oslo: PRIO
Binningsbø, Helga Malmin & Cyanne Loyle (2018) Justice During Armed Conflict: Trends and Implications, Conflict Trends, 4. Oslo: PRIO.
Rudolfsen, Ida (2018) Food Insecurity and Unrest, Conflict Trends, 3. Oslo: PRIO
The fluctuations of food prices over the last decade have led to a renewed interest in the link between food and conflict, and changing climatic patterns have contributed to a concern that conflicts over food will become more profound in the future.
There is an emerging consensus that rising food prices increase the risk of unrest, but the suggested mechanisms vary. Clarity in the concepts of food insecurity and unrest and corresponding measurements will further advance the field.
This policy brief represents the first attempt to map the number of children living in conflict settings around the world. More than half of the world’s children live in a conflict-ridden country, and more worryingly, one in six children lives very close to a conflict zone – that is, less than 50 km from where the actual fighting takes place.
This policy brief compares the patterns and dynamics of attacks on health services and aid workers. The patterns associated with these two types of irregular violence are similar, although the degree of attacks on medical services is much more severe.
At least 1500 medical personnel over the past four years have been killed – three times as many victims as among aid workers attacked.
Attacks on health services and aid workers are strongly associated with the intensity of armed conflict.
Research shows that the onset and recurrence of armed conflict is likely where high inter-group inequalities exist. Groups that have strong shared identities, a collective perception of ill treatment, and opportunities to take up arms are likely to use violence to rectify existing inequalities. Policy makers can take concrete steps to reduce group-level inequalities through measures that share political and economic power between groups, ensure the fair distribution of public goods and services, and recognize cultural identities.
2016 was the fifth most violent year in the world since the end of the Cold War. While violence levels were lower than in 2014 and 2015, ongoing conflicts with serious regional impacts are challenging the international community’s ability to ensure global peace.
A new version of the Urban Social Disorder (USD) dataset is now available, featuring a longer time-span and vastly expanded set of cities across the developing world, making it one of the longest historical event datasets for conflict and protest data for the cities that it covers.
The world reached a level of conflict deaths in 2014–2015 that is unparalleled in the post-Cold War period. The ability of the international community to contain some of the conflicts that have the greatest regional impacts determines whether we will see a long-term trend of intensified conflict, or a return to lower levels of violence.
• There has been a slight decline in total battle deaths from 2014 to 2015.
Lorentzen, Jenny & Julie Marie Hansen (2016) Integrating Gender into Foreign Policy, PRIO Gender, Peace and Security Update, 2016: PRIO.
The lead story in this issue looks at approaches to integrating gender into foreign policy, with examples from Australia and Sweden. The story is based on talks by Professor Jacqui True (Monash University) and Professor Karin Aggestam (Lund University) at the recent PRIO seminar 'Gender in Foreign Policy', held on 23 September 2016.
Fladvad Nielsen, Brita; Kristin Bergtora Sandvik & Maria Gabrielsen Jumbert (2016) How Can Innovation Deliver Humanitarian Outcomes?, PRIO Policy Brief, 12. Oslo: PRIO.
The Protection of Civilians (PoC) expands the responsibility of the UN Security Council (UNSC) for international peace and security to the internal affairs of conflict-ridden countries. As such, it bolsters the authority of the five permanent members (the P5) in world politics and presents them with a flexible tool for exercising this authority. In addition to shaping their responses to situations like Syria and Libya, the principle of PoC shapes the very dynamics of the Council itself, and ultimately the decisions of conflict actors anticipating international responses.
Lemaitre, Julieta & Kristin Bergtora Sandvik (2016) Tailoring Protection of Civilians to State Capacity, PRIO Policy Brief, 8. Oslo: PRIO.
Sandvik, Kristin Bergtora & Kristian Hoelscher (2016) Is the War on Drugs a “Humanitarian Crisis”?, PRIO Policy Brief, 2. Oslo: PRIO.
More aid workers are being targeted in violent attacks than ever before, but the roots of humanitarian insecurity have nuanced and surprising causes.
Political violence correlates strongly with climate: Civil conflict risk is seven to ten times higher in dry and tropical areas than in continental climate zones. Yet, there is little evidence that climatic variability and change are important in understanding this pattern. The prospect of climate change causing forced migration and food and economic insecurity, meanwhile, raises new concerns about possible future confict scenarios.