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24 Feb 2015 description

ABSTRACT: Over 800 million people in 70 countries are classified as “food insecure.” Much humanitarian emphasis focuses on the negative physical consequences of food insecurity, neglecting its deleterious psychological effects. Negative perceptions of food security often coincide with acute mental distress, a complicating factor that intervention policies frequently overlook. This paper posits that understanding the relationships among food security, mental health, and physical health is critical to the formation of effective aid policies.

20 Feb 2015 description

ABSTRACT: With the end of the Cold War, both the concept and practice of humanitarian action have significantly changed. The emergence of the so-called ‘complex humanitarian crises’ made it clear that traditional humanitarian responses based on the classical principles of impartiality and neutrality were not sufficient nor the most appropriate to respond to such complex challenges.

21 Jan 2014 description

In 2013, a climate of insecurity persists in the eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), despite the presence of the United Nations’ (UN) largest peacekeeping mission, MONUSCO.[i] DRC’s recent past saw armed groups mushrooming and successively challenging the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (FARDC). In vast, contested areas, territory repeatedly changes hands and the region remains marked by recurring changes in alliances between armed groups as well as their continued re-configuration and (re-)emergence.

01 Feb 2009 description

In this paper, to address the question of project content, data on self-reported NGO activity areas (for example, HIV/AIDS, Business Development, and Gender Issues) distinguishing between those receiving and not receiving government funding is analyzed. Z-statistics are then used to determine whether activity proportions are different across the two groups.

01 Feb 2009 description

This article analyzes imagery and representation in humanitarianism. It focuses on ethical dilemmas aid agencies face in advertizing: on the one hand, photos of distant victims are necessary to inform and to raise funds; however, the risk is that these representations dehumanize and devalue the very individuals they are intended to assist. There are two central arguments. The first is that humanitarian actors engage imagery as a "recipe," or means, of bridging distance, thus transporting the distant victim to donor publics.

04 Jul 2008 description

1. THE CONTEXTS OF CHRONIC FOOD INSECURITY

'.. There are 854 million undernourished people worldwide: 820 million in the developing countries, 25 million in the transition countries and 9 million in the industrialized countries. Sub-Saharan Africa accounts for 13 percent of the population but 25 percent of the undernourished people in the developing world. It is the developing region with the highest proportion - one-third - of people suffering from chronic hunger.

01 Jul 2008 description

This paper challenges the traditional view about chronically food insecure populations, in contrast to relief-assisted population, who are often seen as a 'structural' or 'long-term' problem, meriting neither an emergency nor recovery assistance.

01 Jun 2008 description

Nineteen ninety-nine marks the thirtieth anniversary of the adoption of the Organisation of African Unity's (OAU) 1969 Convention Governing Specific Aspects of Refugee Problems in Africa. This Convention was an explicit recognition by African states of the nature and scope of modern refugee movements in Africa. The Convention marked a departure from the then internationally accepted standards for the extension of state protection to persons forcibly displaced across international boundaries.

01 Jun 2008 description

This paper challenges the traditional view about chronically food insecure populations, in contrast to relief-assisted population, who are often seen as a 'structural' or 'long-term' problem, meriting neither an emergency nor recovery assistance.

01 May 2008 description

This article presents a theory of obligation in the context of humanitarianism. Its foundational assumption is that there exists a moral imperative to assist the structurally dispossessed and functionally abused. It builds particularly on the cross-disciplinary work (both academic and applied) of anthropologists, but also of political scientists, sociologists, human rights specialists, and others. The links between human rights and humanitarianism are stressed, while suggesting principles that can guide humanitarian organizations as they serve those in need.

01 Oct 2007 description

Food insecurity and chronic marginalisation of poor households have been both symptoms and causes of humanitarian crises in the Third World over the past decades. Despite massive international relief and development assistance, extraordinary technological advances in every sphere of life, millions of people continue to be affected by food insecurity and hunger every year. This is puzzling. At national and international levels, there are no lack of commitments from global citizens of high moral and financial standing, world leaders, and national authorities to tackle the problem.

01 Oct 2007 description

EC policy endorses local and regional procurement of food aid commodities (LRP), a practice that is believed to assist in the development of local agriculture and livelihoods in supplying countries. The research hypothesis for this study was that such procurement of food aid can make a much larger contribution to the economies of developing countries, and poor people in particular, and that policies can be put in place to increase such benefits.