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NAIROBI, 26 August 2013 – The UN System Network for Scaling Up Nutrition (SUN) is holding its first meeting in Africa from 26-28 August in Nairobi, Kenya, bringing together experts from various UN agencies working on the continent to drive forward the fight against undernutrition.
The consortium, Leveraging Agriculture for Nutrition in South Asia (LANSA) has secured funding to implement its ambitious new research programme. The research will examine and make recommendations on how agriculture and food-related interventions can be better designed to improve nutrition, with particular focus on children and adolescent girls. The six year (2013 - 2018) research programme has been made possible by a grant from the UK government.
This Sixth report on the world nutrition situation by the United Nations System Standing Committee on Nutrition (UNSCN) is part of a series of UNSCN publications reporting on trends in nutrition. By analyzing trends in vitamin A deficiency, iodine deficiency disorders, anaemia, underweight and stunting, as well as low birth weight, the report shows that progress is being made but, in some regions, not fast enough to reach the targets set for the Millennium Development Goals.
The United Nations System Standing Committee
on Nutrition (UNSCN) has produced a policy brief, entitled "Climate Change
and Nutrition Security - Message to the UNFCCC negotiators".
The discourse on the impact of climate change (CC) has been on-going for a while. The actions, however, to act decisively to avert triggering the tipping point have been few and overall rather uncoordinated. The latter is not surprising given the many different interests that predominant in different parts of the world. It's not that we lack ideas or solutions to both seriously mitigate and then prepare to adapt to climate change impact.
The study provides guidance to IPC practitioners on the significance and use of nutrition and mortality indicators for the classification of different food security phases. It also provides a very rich basis for further work, including in strengthening linkages between food security and nutrition analysis and in revisiting the definition and interpretation of the reference levels of various indicators for the classification of the depth of food insecurity.
Food prices have surged in the last two
years wiping out global gains in poverty and hunger reduction achieved
over the last two decades. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
index of food prices rose by 9% in 2006, 24% in 2007 and has surged by
51% in the last 12 months. FAO forecasts that the world will spend US$1,035
billion on food imports in 2008, US$215 billion more than in 2007. This
will severely strain the budgets of low-income food-deficit countries (LIFDCs)
that will see their import bills soar by more than 40% this year.
Severe acute malnutrition remains a major killer of children under five years of age. Until recently, treatment has been restricted to facility-based approaches, greatly limiting its coverage and impact. New evidence suggests, however, that large numbers of children with severe acute malnutrition can be treated in their communities without being admitted to a health facility or a therapeutic feeding centre.
This article describes simple techniques suitable
for the assessment of the nutritional status of adults aged 20-60 years
in emergency-affected populations.
The BMI (Body Mass Index), MUAC (Mid-upper Arm Circumference), and clinical models are assessed for their usefulness in determining the prevalence of chronic undernutrition in adults at the population level, and also for screening severely undernourished adults for entrance to feeding clinics.
This discussion discusses describes techniques
suitable for the assessment of the nutritional status of adolescents aged
10-19 years in emergency-affected populations.
Emphasizing practical issues of anthropometric assessment of nutritional status rather than general knowledge of adolescent growth and development, the paper also points out some of the deficiencies of the current recommendations regarding the nutritional assessment of adolescents, including those published by WHO.