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31 Aug 2018 description

In this issue:

How the latest AU decision on Western Sahara could affect other crises

The African Union and the question of LGBTI-rights

The AU will have to do more to convince SADC

Helping those affected by Boko Haram to get back on their feet

Interview with Nicholas Haysom, UN Special Envoy for Sudan and South Sudan

30 Aug 2018 description

Key findings

  • The launch in 2013 of the African Union’s Agenda 2063 coincided with a strong upward trend in armed conflict to peak in 2015. The subsequent trend has been downward, with violence involving militant Islamist groups (and state responses) remaining the most resilient.

  • It is unlikely that Africa will be able to ‘silence the guns by 2020’, or indeed by 2023. Yet progress in advancing peace, stability and growth is evident across the continent.

28 Aug 2018 description

Tomorrow’s Security Council debate on mediation is a good opportunity to bolster joint UN-AU efforts

Africa’s peace and security challenges are too complex for either the United Nations (UN) or the African Union (AU) to tackle on their own. Over the years, the two have partnered to prevent, manage and resolve conflict.

22 Aug 2018 description

At its 31st summit in Nouakchott, Mauritania the African Union (AU) decided to limit its own peace efforts in the Western Sahara in order to support the process led by the United Nations (UN). This support will be through a troika of heads of state, together with the AU Commission (AUC) chairperson. The move is a big win for Morocco, which believes the AU-led efforts are biased. However, it could set a precedent for other AU member states that disapprove of AU interventions.

01 Aug 2018 description

In this issue:

Focus on the 31st AU summit:

  • Scrutiny of its budget a first for the AU
  • Who will oversee Africa’s new free trade area?
  • The African Union reform: much still to be decided

PSC Interview: ‘The role of Cameroon’s friends could be decisive’

Decisions of the PSC from April to June 2018

29 Jun 2018 description

A clear division of labour, mutual trust and increased support are needed to strengthen the alliance.


‘I have addressed this council several times over the past year on peacekeeping reform. It is now time to take action together,’ said United Nations (UN) Secretary-General António Guterres on 28 March. The statement launched the Action for Peacekeeping (A4P) initiative, part of a new attempt aimed at mobilising political action around the UN peacekeeping reform process.

26 Jun 2018 description

EU funding remains vital, but self-reliance is ultimately needed for Africa’s long-term peace and security.


22 Jun 2018 description

The Peace and Security Council (PSC) was briefed by the Head of the Reform Implementation Unit of the African Union (AU) in May 2018 about the options to reform the body and increase its effectiveness. This could include strengthening its working methods and its role in managing crises. However, the AU should also consider updating the PSC Protocol.

19 Jun 2018 description

In this issue:

Focus on the 31st AU summit:

  • Staying the course to reform the AU

  • What role for the AU in the Sahel?

  • Why another power-sharing deal in South Sudan has collapsed

  • The future of EU support for APSA: issues to look out for

Is the PSC Protocol still up to date?

13 Jun 2018 description

Women and girls face bigger barriers to education in sub-Saharan Africa than in other regions.

Seventy years ago, the world agreed on the importance, and right of all people, to education. Article 26 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted in 1948, states that ‘[e]veryone has the right to education’, and that elementary education shall be compulsory and free.

25 May 2018 description
  • FemWise-Africa aims to include more women in peace processes

  • Calls for the AU to play a role in humanitarian crises – can it work?

  • The dilemma of free movement of people on an insecure continent - Can Weah realise his pro-poor economic development agenda?

  • UAE port deal with Somaliland stirs up trouble in the Horn - PSC Interview: ‘Expect a more robust NEPAD Agency’

24 May 2018 description

The African Union must play a bigger role in preventing conflict and building sustainable peace.


Key points

Defining success: The AU’s conflict prevention activities and the definition of successful conflict prevention must be better understood.

Funding: Predictable and increased AU funding should enable more consistent approaches to prevention.

21 May 2018 description

This month, May 2018, the Peace and Security Council (PSC) will hold two meetings on the issue of mobility and its relation to peace and security. These will focus on the situation of African migrants in Libya, the impediments facing the African Union (AU) continental free movement policy and the consideration of a report on security and migration in Africa. Member states are divided in their support for free movement, and the PSC can help to define the risks and clarify the implications of the new AU plans.

10 May 2018 description

Ce Rapport sur le CPS analyse en détail les décisions prises par l'organe entre avril 2016 et mars 2018.

Dans ce numéro

Vers une plus grande subsidiarité : rétrospective des travaux du CPS sortant

Afrique du Sud et Nigeria : deux pays essentiels pour les initiatives continentales

Entretien avec le Rapport sur le CPS: vers une appropriation collective du CPS

Analyse des réunions du CPS de janvier à mars 2018

07 May 2018 description

Young women are often framed as victims, but their role in rebuilding communities must be enhanced.

25 Apr 2018 description

In this issue

The trend towards subsidiarity: a retrospective of the outgoing PSC

South Africa and Nigeria are crucial for continental initiatives

PSC Interview: Towards a collective ownership of the PSC

Decisions of the PSC from January – March 2018

05 Apr 2018 description

Ce numéro porte sur la réponse du CPS face au terrorisme, et sur les options s'offrant à l'UA dans le dossier burundais.

Dans ce numéro

Le CPS et la menace terroriste : au-delà des réunions

L’impact des nouvelles incertitudes de financement de l’AMISOM sur son fonctionnement

L’UA et le processus de révision constitutionnelle au Burundi

Afrique centrale : vers un avis de tempête ?

Les défis du Comité des experts du CPS

03 Apr 2018 description

Rapid population growth lies at the root of sub-Saharan Africa’s inability to reduce poverty.

Sub-Saharan Africa continues to experience very rapid population growth and is thus likely to remain poor. Aid should support government efforts to reduce high fertility rates that will, in time, allow citizens to benefit from inclusive economic growth, and reduce poverty. The first part of this report gives an overview of aid trends and characteristics in Africa. It then presents four scenarios on future levels of aid with a time horizon to 2030.

03 Apr 2018 description

More aid won’t dramatically reduce poverty. What else should donors and African governments do?


There has been a steady decline in the extent to which countries in sub-Saharan Africa are dependent on aid, although aid remains very important for the poorest countries.