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In this edition of the VOICE out loud we have asked our members to share their experiences from working in the Lake Chad Basin.
Their stories show how crises can become protracted and complex, with the effects of climate change layering with underdevelopment and conflicts, all feeding off each other, and contributing to hunger and the need for assistance and protection.
Today’s crises are increasingly complex and the number of people in need worldwide is rising as a consequence of man-made and natural disasters.
The EU is focusing on finding a response to these crises and the humanitariandevelopment nexus is seen as the tool for reinforcing the links between the two sectors, increasing the complementarity of their actions in order to address the root causes of the crises and reduce needs. But what are the challenges and the opportunities of this approach? We have asked our NGO members to contribute to the debate on this important topic.
2015 and 2016 have been landmark years in the development or renewal of global commitments relative to humanitarian aid, development and disaster risk reduction. After extensive consultation and negotiation processes, international consensus was reached in the form of frameworks for sustainable development (SDGs), disaster risk reduction (Sendai Framework), climate change mitigation (Paris Agreement) etc.
As VOICE celebrates its 25th birthday, and we mark the first anniversary of the World Humanitarian Summit, VOICE has invited members and others to contribute on some of the key themes shaping humanitarian action. With contributions from members in Sweden, France, Spain, UK, Belgium as well as reflections from Nepal, the Central African Republic and the peacebuilding community, this edition of the VOICE out loud continues to celebrate the diversity of the network as well as its members’ field experience and expertise.
In May of this year, governments, NGOs and international agencies came together at the World Humanitarian Summit to discuss the future of humanitarian aid worldwide. Also present, and involved in the process leading up to the Summit particularly around funding, were representatives from the private sector.
2015 was the year that put refugees and the movement of people back on the global and European agenda. Europe saw the biggest refugee flow since World War Two, many crossing over from Turkey into Greece. They flee from ongoing armed conflicts and mass killings in countries such as Syria, Iraq, Yemen, Afghanistan and South Sudan. So long as these conflicts are not resolved there is no end in sight to the refugee flow. Following border closures throughout Europe, increasing numbers of refugees are finding themselves stuck in Greece, which is under pressure to cope.
VOICE (Voluntary Organisations in Cooperation in Emergencies) is the main NGO interlocutor on EU humanitarian affairs and brings together 84 NGOs. One of the main priorities of the network is to monitor funding for humanitarian aid and to use its collective influence to ensure NGOs’ expertise and experience are heard and brought into the relevant fora.
Throughout 2015 consultations have been building towards the World Humanitarian Summit, to be held in 2016. All over the world, and in EU Member States, consultations and debates have taken place between humanitarian NGOs, governments, UN agencies, the Red Cross, affected people, private sector organisations and other civil society actors. VOICE members have been heavily involved in this process. They have taken stock of where the humanitarian sector is at and identified what changes they would prioritise to best respond to the needs of people affected by crisis in the future.
2015 is a special year: it is the first ever European Year to deal with the European Union’s external action and Europe’s role in the world. It is the European Year for Development (EYD). For NGOs all over Europe it is a unique moment to showcase Europe’s commitment to saving lives during and in the aftermath of man-made crises and natural disasters and to eradicating poverty worldwide. This is also the chance to link humanitarian and development issues as a contiguum.
The Finance for Development Agreement presents an opportunity for disaster risk reduction (DRR) funding to be institutionalised. As negotiations for the Agreement continue, we as members of civil society call on developed countries to commit to:
1) Incorporate resilience building as a condition for providing Overseas Development Assistance (ODA) to ensure that all new investments are risk informed, reduce risk, and are acceptable for those people who bear any new risk. e.g. through the introduction of resilience markers in funding applications.
EU HUMANITARIAN AID IN THE NEW INSTITUTIONAL SETTING: RECOMMENDATIONS
The Hyogo Framework for Action on Disaster Risk Reduction (HFA) has provided critical guidance to reduce disaster risk. Its implementation has, however, highlighted gaps in addressing the underlying risk factors and effectively safeguarding communities. Evidence at the local level indicates that impacts are increasing.1 This is due to policies and plans not adequately addressing reality on the ground.
In a context of unprecedented humanitarian needs, the UN Secretary General has called for a World Humanitarian Summit (WHS) to take place in Istanbul in 2016 and European preparations for the summit are getting underway. This issue of our newsletter invites NGOs to highlight what for them are key questions on each of the main themes in the Summit. It takes a look at the relevance of the process for the community of European humanitarian NGOs and asks how the EU might contribute.
Résolution de l'Assemblée générale de VOICE 2014
VOICE 2014 General Assembly Resolution
2014 is a year of institutional change in the European Union, with new members of the European Parliament and Commission. With that in mind, this issue of our newsletter takes a look at the state of the EU’s current humanitarian aid policies and challenges from different angles. The priorities of the network in relation to the EU in 2014 are encapsulated in the VOICE policy resolution adopted at our General Assembly in May and included in this edition of our newsletter.
European Union (EU) Member States, the European Commission and the European Parliament reached agreement on the European Consensus on Humanitarian Aid in 2007. It provides a strong policy framework and “common vision” for the EU and Member States in developing their humanitarian policies and strategies. It has also functioned as an important document for promoting humanitarian principles. In order to make the political commitment to this framework more concrete, an Action Plan for implementation was agreed upon in 2008.
L’importance d’une approche globale
VOICE (pour «Voluntary Organisations in Cooperation in Emergencies» – organisations volontaires pour une coopération dans les situations d’urgence) est un réseau européen de 82 organisations non gouvernementales (ONG).
La RRC et le developpement post-2015
Comprendre les risques