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La planète se réchauffe, entraînant une élévation du niveau des océans, des phénomènes climatiques plus extrêmes du type ouragans, sécheresses et inondations, ainsi que d’autres risques pour le climat mondial comme l’effondrement irréversible des calottes glaciaires.
This International Monetary Fund (IMF) Policy Paper discusses the vulnerability of small developing States, opportunities for change, and the role of the IMF in reducing disaster risk. While making note of the disproportional risk of disasters for small States, the paper discusses how well-designed domestic policies can reduce the direct human and economic costs of climate change and natural disasters with the help of international financing for risk reduction and response.
Large-scale conflicts are a major challenge for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA).
The exposure of low-income countries to natural disasters has a significant impact on food production and food security. This paper provides a framework for assessing a country’s vulnerability to food crisis in the event of natural disasters. The paper finds that macroeconomic and structural indicators that are crucial for ensuring the resilience of low income countries to adverse external shocks are equally important for minimizing the occurrence of food crisis in the event of natural disasters.
By Jean-Louis Combes, Rasmané Ouedraogo and Sampawende J.-A. Tapsoba.
Disclaimer: This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate
ASSEMBLÉES ANNUELLES DU FMI ET DE LA BANQUE MONDIALE
By Maureen Burke Bulletin du FM
This year’s Global Monitoring Report, produced jointly by the World Bank and International Monetary Fund, details the progress the world has made towards global development goals and examines the impact of demographic change on achieving these goals.
Summary: Natural disasters and climate change are interrelated macro-critical issues affecting all Pacific small states to varying degrees. In addition to their devastating human costs, these events damage growth prospects and worsen countries’ fiscal positions. This is the first cross-country IMF study assessing the impact of natural disasters on growth in the Pacific islands as a group. A panel VAR analysis suggests that, for damage and losses equivalent to 1 percent of GDP, growth drops by 0.7 percentage point in the year of the disaster.
IMF Projects Solid Growth for Sub-Saharan Africa in the Face of Headwinds
Press Release No. 15/179
April 28, 2015
Introducing the April 2015 IMF Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa, Ms. Antoinette Sayeh, Director of the IMF’s African Department commented today:
L’épidémie d’Ébola qui sévit dans certaines parties de l’Afrique de l’Ouest est une catastrophe humanitaire qui a attiré l’attention de la communauté internationale sur la menace que représente la propagation rapide de maladies infectieuses potentiellement mortelles, à l’échelle nationale et internationale.
The Ebola epidemic in parts of West Africa is a humanitarian disaster that has drawn the attention of the international community to the threat posed by the rapid spread of life-threatening infectious diseases, both within and across international boundaries.
Strong Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa, but Pockets of Difficulty
- Infrastructure, services, agriculture driving growth in most economies
- Positive outlook overshadowed by Ebola impact in affected countries
- Goals are high, inclusive growth and addressing fiscal risks in a few countries
Strong growth in the majority of sub-Saharan Africa’s economies should underpin a robust regional expansion in 2014 and 2015, the IMF said in its regional outlook.
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Communiqué de presse n° 14/475
Le 20 octobre 2014
Présentant l’édition d’octobre 2014 du rapport du FMI sur les Perspectives économiques régionales pour l’Afrique subsaharienne, Mme Antoinette Sayeh, Directrice du Département Afrique du FMI, a fait aujourd’hui les observations ci-dessous:
- Global recovery continues but it is fragile and uneven
- L’épidémie de fièvre Ébola efface les progrès économiques récents dans les pays touchés
- Les retombées de l’épidémie commencent à se faire sentir dans d’autres pays africains
Les trois pays les plus durement touchés par l’épidémie de fièvre Ébola en Afrique de l’Ouest sont en train d’élaborer un plan de redressement pour l’après-crise, a déclaré le Ministre des Finances de Sierra Leone, M. Kaifala Marah.
Press Release No. 12/390
October 12, 2012
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) today released the October 2012 Regional Economic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa. Ms. Antoinette Monsio Sayeh, Director of the IMF's African Department, commented on the report's main findings:
By Nemat Shafik
What strikes you on a trip to the Middle East is that everyone is talking politics—all of the time. That had been the case in countries like Lebanon where it is a national pastime, but it is a new phenomenon in countries across North Africa and the Gulf.
Constitutions are being rewritten, political parties and youth groups are vibrant, and everyone has an opinion on current events. The older generation seems worried by the uncertainty associated with change. The young generation continues to be energized.
Need for an economic rethink
This note aims to provide country teams with broad guidance on engagement with countries in fragile situations. The aim of the guidance note is to help staff maintain focus on issues specific to countries in fragile situations. While engagement should focus on the issues and principles laid out in the note, there is, of course, scope for staff to tailor engagement to country specific circumstances beyond proposed practices.