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01 Sep 2000 description

This report focuses on the gender perspective in the case of natural disasters. Based on disaster social science, agency reports, and field worker accounts, it identifies the complex ways gender relations shape human experiences before, during, and after natural disasters.

01 Sep 2000 description

Stressing the importance of having a list of core indicators for monitoring World Food Summit follow-up, this report compares indicators proposed by different international monitoring systems and provides recommendations for specific core indicators for monitoring food security outcomes.

The document is based on the twenty-sixth session of the Committee on World Food Security, held in Rome in September 2000.

01 Sep 2000 description

Based on research in ten countries, an international meeting and consultations in a number of countries, this report looks at human rights abuses committed by armed groups. In particular, it focuses on the following questions:

- Means to influence the behaviour of armed groups
- Obstacles faced by those who undertake such means
- Factors influencing the respect for human rights and humanitarian norms by armed groups

01 Sep 2000 description

This paper examines the rights of Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) to vote and to participate in governmental and public affairs, particularly analysing the following issues:

- Political participation in international human rights law
- Political participation and the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement
- Participation by the internally displaced in elections in the OSCE region

01 Sep 2000 description

This guide provides tools and practical procedures for collecting information, using both individual and group-based data collection methods, with and about refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) in transition.

The main objectives are to understand refugee/IDP priorities, challenges and aspirations, to identify the significant persons and organization among the refugees/ IDPs and facilitate participatory planning and problem solving. With respect to these aims, the guide is structured into three main sections:

01 Sep 2000 description

Today's wars are mostly fought in the developing countries with small arms and light weapons, their ammunition and related equipment. The fighters and victims in these wars are often civilians. Indeed, they are often children. If these conflicts are to be prevented or stopped, policy-makers must address a wide range of issues. Some of these concern the perceived need for weaponry and armed conflict, which in this report is called the 'demand side' of the small arms market. Others concern the provision and availability of the tools of violence.

01 Sep 2000 description

This document reviews casualties and victim assistance in countries with landmine victims. A thematic complement to the Landmine Monitor Report 2000, it records the evolution of casualties caused by antipersonnel mines and the availability of assistance in the affected countries every year. Two main parts are provided:

Country Reports:
- Environment and description of the health and social system
- Landmine casualties

Overview of victim assistance:

01 Sep 2000 description

This report is submitted to the Congress by the Department of State in compliance with Section 102(b) of the International Religious Freedom Act (IRFA) of 1998.

01 Sep 2000 description
report UN Children's Fund

This review examines the actions taken by governments, regional organisations, the UN system and civil society in response to the recommendations of the 1996 Machel Report 'The Impact of Armed Conflict on Children', addressing its major themes and bringing new and expanded focus to the following areas:

- Small arms and light weapons
- Women's role in peace building
- Peace and security
- Media and communications

31 Aug 2000 description

This report summarizes the proceedings and main findings of a seminar on preventing violent conflict, considering factors affecting international willingness to undertake conflict prevention and identifying ways of overcoming the gap between early warning and early action to prevent violent conflict.

The seminar brought together individuals from government, international organizations, the media, business, academia and non-governmental organisations.

31 Aug 2000 description
report International Alert

This paper examines the impact of the privatization of security on peace and security, aiming to develop a policy framework within which policymakers can respond to this emerging issue.

For this purpose, it looks at a range of actors using private security groups in conflict situations including: non-state armed actors, governments in regions of conflict, governments in supplier countries, multilateral peacekeeping organizations, humanitarian agencies, and corporations in the extractive industry.

31 Aug 2000 description

The first part of this article analyses the new approaches and structures adopted in the 'crisis prevention' policy-making field. It sketches out the guidelines of the European Commission and the European Council for early warning and early action. It then outlines to what extent first capacities have emerged in this field and how the interaction of very different actors has increased since the mid 1990s. The relevance of a new approach is best put to the test by specific examples.