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17 Nov 1998 description

Geneva - Tuesday 17 November 98 - The First Intergovernmental Meeting of experts to review the 1997-98 El Niño event, called for by the United Nations' General Assembly, within the framework of the International Decade for International Disasters Reduction (IDNDR), was held in Quayaquil, Ecuador from 9-13 November 1998. Hosted by the Government of Ecuador and co-sponsored by member agencies of the UN Task Force on El Niño and the Permanent Commission for the South Pacific, the meeting was attended by more than 450 delegates from all over the world.

02 Nov 1998 description

Geneva, Monday 2 Nov. 1998 - Declining sea-surface temperatures in the tropical Pacific is expected to intensify the "La Niña" extreme weather phenomenon through the end of the year, according to "El Niño Update", a bulletin issued by the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) in Geneva today. The bulletin indicated that the developing La Nina condition is consistent with the enhanced hurricane activities in the Atlantic. For the first time this century, on 24 September, four Atlantic hurricanes and eight named storms were active at the same time.

01 Nov 1998 description

This Guidance aims to assist UN country teams in the development of common "UN Ground Rules", based on agreed principles, for UN activities in countries in crisis or emerging from conflict. This Guidance has four linked objectives:

- Develop common Ground Rules for UN activities in specific countries
- Facilitate negotiations with national and local authorities
- Facilitate the joint development of strategic plans in the field
- Reconcile differences between UN agencies on mandate and principle

01 Nov 1998 description
report ALNAP

Aiming to contribute to the debate around possible criteria and the need for conceptual frameworks for assessing peace building interventions, this synthesis report is concerned with the content of peace building interventions by humanitarian agencies and the methodologies employed to evaluate them.

For this purpose, the report pulls together 15 country case studies concerning third party humanitarian agencies and conflict resolution/transformation organisations.

01 Nov 1998 description
report World Bank

This report aims to contribute to a "rethinking of aid" that the international community is engaged in. For this purpose, it provides the following chapters:

- Money matters-In a good policy environment
- Aid can be the midwife of good policies
- Money matters - In a good institutional environment
- Aid can be the midwife of good institutions
- Money, but more ideas, too

01 Nov 1998 description

Aiming to increase awareness of gender dimensions in policies towards the internally displaced, this paper examines the main issues and rights concerning displaced women and girls. For this purpose, it analyses the following issues:

- Gender approaches of different organisations
- Human rights applicable in the case of displaced women
- Analysis of the different roles of UN agencies and non- governmental organizations
- Annex: Annotated bibliography and the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement

01 Nov 1998 description

This issue features articles on the rights and roles of children during and post violent conflict with specific attention being paid to former child soldiers in Liberia and the struggles they face to find an identity. The monitoring of children's rights in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is also covered in this issue where a general review shows economically, socially and politically there is a lack of administrative bodies that can deal with child related issues. This section is completed with an article on the integration of human rights in all sectors of field work.

01 Nov 1998 description

This report evaluates the follow-up to the conference in 1998 on the UN Study on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Children of August 1996. The following issues are discusses for this purpose:

- Children in captivity
- Importance of the Convention of the Rights of the Child (1989)
- Addressing the causes of armed conflict
- Relevance of international agencies in the field

In addition to the follow-up to the study, the report provides recommendations for future action for all actors concerned, including governments, NGOs and UN agencies.

01 Nov 1998 description

This document reports on the outcome of a seminar on issues relating to the functions, nature and direction of the humanitarian endeavour in the post Cold War world. Aspects considered include:

- Key issues raised in evaluations of strategic coordination of humanitarian activities
- Policy and operational implications for future international humanitarian response
- Adjustment to lessons learned in crisis settings by the humanitarian community
- Further actions to be undertaken regarding the issues examined