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30 Jan 1998 description
By Stephanie Nebehay

GENEVA (Reuters) - The El Nino weather phenomenon that has brought heavy rains and flooding to some parts of the world and drought to others is likely to weaken after May, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) said Friday.

Most climate models foresee conditions beginning to return to normal, but some show El Nino may be followed by a cold
weather event known as La Nina, which would bring abnormal cold to the eastern Equatorial Pacific beginning from July to
September, the WMO said in a report.
28 Jan 1998 description
The South Pacific Regional Environment Program says some Pacific nations will be hit by destructive cyclones more often.

Cyclone risk increases during El Nino weather patterns, and the Program says new scientific studies show those patterns are becoming more frequent.

The studies were conducted by New Zealand's National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research and the United States National Centre for Atmospheric Research.
22 Jan 1998 description

AMERICAS : EL NIÑO 1997 - 1998

Appeal no. 27/97: period covered: 26 November 1997 - 21 January 1998

22 Jan 1998 description

Weekly News

Latin American countries such as Peru and Paraguay continue to suffer from the consequences of the meteorological
phenomenon "El Niño". According to official figures, heavy rainfall, floods and mud slides which recently hit the region have
claimed at least 28 lives in Peru alone, while 10 persons are still missing. The Peruvian Red Cross is planning to distribute
monthly rations of rice, beans, sugar, oil and salt to 10,000 people in two of the worst-hit areas, Tumbes in the north of the

15 Jan 1998 description

Weekly News

Sea surface temperatures in the east and central Pacific are at their highest points for nearly half a century - while those in the western Pacific remain lower than normal - indicating that the current El Niño phenomenon has now reached record levels, reports Terry Butt, the International Federation's Pacific regional chief.

The anticipated results are:

- Continued drought through April/May 1998 in Papua New Guinea and eastern Australia, with dry conditions extending west
as far as Samoa.

13 Jan 1998 description
report CARE

Harare, January 13, 1998 -- The robust rains falling on parts of southern Africa have diminished, but not extinguished, fears that a scorching El Niño drought will wither staple harvests during the key growing months of January and February.

01 Jan 1998 description
report Oxfam

El Niño forecasters' predictions of severe floods in the north of Peru and droughts in the south and into Ecuador are already starting to prove correct. In Ecuador flooding attributed to El Niño has already taken hold in the coastal south of the country. So far floods are only just threatening the north of Peru and are expected in Bolivia later.

01 Jan 1998 description

The 1998 Human Development Report examines the high levels of consumption and production in the world, the power and potential of technology and information, and the opportunities they present for human development. It includes the following chapters:

- The state of human development
- Consumption from a human development perspective
- Consumption in a global village - unequal and unbalanced
- Unequal human impacts of environmental damage
- Agenda for Action

01 Jan 1998 description

This paper sets out to encapsulate the key principles on which UN mine action is based and to clarify roles and responsibilities within the UN system. The objectives of the principles developed in this paper are threefold and complementary:

- Foster ability of the UN to support affected countries and populations
- Foster ability of the UN to support and build collective efforts of international community
- Strengthen credibility of the UN in terms of transparency, accountability and effectiveness

01 Jan 1998 description
report International Alert

This code of conduct aims to provide an ethical framework for conflict transformation work. It consists of guiding principles for the organisation and the development of policies with respect to the following:

  - Human rights and conflict transformation work
  - Impartiality in conflict transformation work
  - Working in partnership

Based on lessons learned and experience acquired in the course of International Alert's work, the document also includes further discussion on issues relating to human rights and impartiality.

01 Jan 1998 description

This glossary provides a list of emergency management terms and definitions, likely to be encountered by emergency management workers.

The glossary does not present new or different definitions of terms, but draws together definitions from many existing sources, as well as suggests a set of core terms.

01 Jan 1998 description

This paper identifies three categories of hunger as priority areas in which targeted food aid should play a principal role in coming years in helping households to attain food security. It main chapters deal with the following issues:

- Food security: Sustaining people
- The first goal of food aid: Saving life
- Sustaining and enhancing lives
- Chronic hunger and weak markets
- The evolving nature of food aid and future needs
- Tasks ahead

01 Jan 1998 description

This document seeks to initiate a broader view of the role and impact of initial as well as further education in the perspective of lifelong learning as a practice for dialogue in circumstances of political crisis and social confrontation.

For this purpose, it focuses on humanitarian educational intervention during complex emergencies and offers four main parts:

Part I summarizes the basic policy instruments that advocate education as a child's right.
Part II analyses the different phases of emergency .

01 Jan 1998 description

This booklet provides information on existing security arrangements and individual responsibility applicable to all staff members of the United Nations, UN agencies, programs and funds. In addition it contains information regarding practical, common-sense measures applicable to individual staff members to minimize the risks faced.

The booklet is based on the Field Security Handbook, a comprehensive policy document for the use of officials concerned with security.

01 Jan 1998 description

Concerned about the negative humanitarian consequences of multilateral sanctions calling for reform, this report offers recommendations to the UN system for ameliorating adverse humanitarian consequences of sanctions and making their implementation more effective and accountable.

01 Jan 1998 description
report Human Rights Watch

The 1997 annual review of human rights practices considers developments in 65 countries as well as thematic concerns of particular interest. In addition, the introduction outlines patterns and trends discerned over the year. Particular countries are discussed with respect to:

- Significant human rights developments
- Response of global actors, e.g the EU, Japan, the US, the UN & regional organisations
- Freedom of local human rights defenders to conduct their work

Special initiatives or thematic concerns include:

- The arms project

01 Jan 1998 description

This document explains FAO's role and how activities are conducted by FAO officers and field staff during each phase of an emergency sequence. In addition to introduring key concepts, the hanbook covers the following phases:

 - Prevention
 - Preparedness
 - Early warning
 - Immediate needs assessment
 - Relief
 - Rehabilitation, reconstruction and sustainable recovery

01 Jan 1998 description

This practical guide aims to help journalists working in war situations. For this purpose, it deals with the following issues:

- Basic documents recognising the principle of press freedom
- Reference documents on professional ethics
- Guidelines for the individual and joint protection of investigators
- Procedures for protecting journalists and other staff: The case of the BBC
- First aid procedures
- Guidelines and procedures for investigating infringements of press freedom
- Writing a report of the investigation