GENEVA (Reuters) - The El Nino weather phenomenon that has brought heavy rains and flooding to some parts of the world and drought to others is likely to weaken after May, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) said Friday.
Most climate models foresee conditions beginning to return to normal, but some show El Nino may be followed by a cold
weather event known as La Nina, which would bring abnormal cold to the eastern Equatorial Pacific beginning from July to
September, the WMO said in a report.
Cyclone risk increases during El Nino weather patterns, and the Program says new scientific studies show those patterns are becoming more frequent.
The studies were conducted by New Zealand's National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research and the United States National Centre for Atmospheric Research.
AMERICAS : EL NIÑO 1997 - 1998
Appeal no. 27/97: period covered: 26 November 1997 - 21 January 1998
Latin American countries such as Peru and Paraguay continue to suffer from the consequences of the meteorological
phenomenon "El Niño". According to official figures, heavy rainfall, floods and mud slides which recently hit the region have
claimed at least 28 lives in Peru alone, while 10 persons are still missing. The Peruvian Red Cross is planning to distribute
monthly rations of rice, beans, sugar, oil and salt to 10,000 people in two of the worst-hit areas, Tumbes in the north of the
Sea surface temperatures in the east and central Pacific are at their highest points for nearly half a century - while those in the western Pacific remain lower than normal - indicating that the current El Niño phenomenon has now reached record levels, reports Terry Butt, the International Federation's Pacific regional chief.
The anticipated results are:
- Continued drought through April/May 1998 in Papua New Guinea and eastern Australia, with dry conditions extending west
as far as Samoa.
Supplement to WFP Emergency Report no.
03 of 1998
Harare, January 13, 1998 -- The robust rains falling on parts of southern Africa have diminished, but not extinguished, fears that a scorching El Niño drought will wither staple harvests during the key growing months of January and February.
El Niño forecasters' predictions of severe floods in the north of Peru and droughts in the south and into Ecuador are already starting to prove correct. In Ecuador flooding attributed to El Niño has already taken hold in the coastal south of the country. So far floods are only just threatening the north of Peru and are expected in Bolivia later.
The 1998 Human Development Report examines the high levels of consumption and production in the world, the power and potential of technology and information, and the opportunities they present for human development. It includes the following chapters:
- The state of human development
- Consumption from a human development perspective
- Consumption in a global village - unequal and unbalanced
- Unequal human impacts of environmental damage
- Agenda for Action
This paper sets out to encapsulate the key principles
on which UN mine action is based and to clarify roles and responsibilities
within the UN system. The objectives of the principles developed in this
paper are threefold and complementary:
- Foster ability of the UN to support affected countries and populations
- Foster ability of the UN to support and build collective efforts of international community
- Strengthen credibility of the UN in terms of transparency, accountability and effectiveness
This code of conduct aims to provide an ethical
framework for conflict transformation work. It consists of guiding principles
for the organisation and the development of policies with respect to the
- Human rights and conflict transformation work
- Impartiality in conflict transformation work
- Working in partnership
Based on lessons learned and experience acquired in the course of International Alert's work, the document also includes further discussion on issues relating to human rights and impartiality.
This glossary provides a list of emergency management
terms and definitions, likely to be encountered by emergency management
The glossary does not present new or different definitions of terms, but draws together definitions from many existing sources, as well as suggests a set of core terms.
This paper identifies three categories of hunger
as priority areas in which targeted food aid should play a principal role
in coming years in helping households to attain food security. It main
chapters deal with the following issues:
- Food security: Sustaining people
- The first goal of food aid: Saving life
- Sustaining and enhancing lives
- Chronic hunger and weak markets
- The evolving nature of food aid and future needs
- Tasks ahead
This document seeks to initiate a broader view
of the role and impact of initial as well as further education in the perspective
of lifelong learning as a practice for dialogue in circumstances of political
crisis and social confrontation.
For this purpose, it focuses on humanitarian educational intervention during complex emergencies and offers four main parts:
Part I summarizes the basic policy instruments that advocate education as a child's right.
Part II analyses the different phases of emergency .
This booklet provides information on existing
security arrangements and individual responsibility applicable to all staff
members of the United Nations, UN agencies, programs and funds. In addition
it contains information regarding practical, common-sense measures applicable
to individual staff members to minimize the risks faced.
The booklet is based on the Field Security Handbook, a comprehensive policy document for the use of officials concerned with security.
Concerned about the negative humanitarian consequences
of multilateral sanctions calling for reform, this report offers recommendations
to the UN system for ameliorating adverse humanitarian consequences of
sanctions and making their implementation more effective and accountable.
The 1997 annual review of human rights practices
considers developments in 65 countries as well as thematic concerns of
particular interest. In addition, the introduction outlines patterns and
trends discerned over the year. Particular countries are discussed with
- Significant human rights developments
- Response of global actors, e.g the EU, Japan, the US, the UN & regional organisations
- Freedom of local human rights defenders to conduct their work
Special initiatives or thematic concerns include:
- The arms project
This document explains FAO's role and how activities
are conducted by FAO officers and field staff during each phase of an emergency
sequence. In addition to introduring key concepts, the hanbook covers the
- Early warning
- Immediate needs assessment
- Rehabilitation, reconstruction and sustainable recovery
This practical guide aims to help journalists
working in war situations. For this purpose, it deals with the following
- Basic documents recognising the principle of press freedom
- Reference documents on professional ethics
- Guidelines for the individual and joint protection of investigators
- Procedures for protecting journalists and other staff: The case of the BBC
- First aid procedures
- Guidelines and procedures for investigating infringements of press freedom
- Writing a report of the investigation