Most read reports
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WRC Research Paper No. 2
SERIES: WORLD REFUGEE COUNCIL RESEARCH PAPER SERIES
PUBLISHED: JULY 27, 2018
AUTHOR: ROBERT MUGGAH WITH ADRIANA ERTHAL ABDENUR
Brenda L. Gunn
With the number of refugees and internally displaced persons currently more than 70 million, the global level of forced migration is now greater than ever. The present arrangements for responding to their needs are falling far short in almost every respect. Fresh thinking is required to develop a more effective legal, social and financial framework to meet this challenge.
The World Refugee Council (WRC) was created as a catalyst for that fresh thinking, and as a forum in which policy innovations can be developed.
Accountability is lacking at every point in the refugee cycle — from upstream, where refugee flows are triggered violently and with impunity by criminal regimes and non-state actors, to downstream, where governments shirk their treaty commitments and moral obligations for political gain.
Against the backdrop of large-scale movements of refugees and migrants to Europe in 2015 and horrific loss of life among refugees traversing the Mediterranean and the Aegean seas to escape violence and despair, the United Nations convened the High-Level Plenary on Addressing Large Movements of Refugees and Migrants. On September 19, 2016, the New York Declaration for Refugees and Migrants was unanimously adopted by all 193 members of the United Nations.
The Internet enables the free flow of information on an unprecedented scale but to an increasing extent the management of individuals’ fundamental rights, such as privacy and the mediation of free expression, is being left in the hands of private actors. The popularity of a few web platforms across the globe confers on the providers both great power and heavy responsibilities.
Fixing Climate Governance Paper No. 2
Series: Fixing Climate Governance Series
by: Arunabha Ghosh, Anupama Vijayakumar, and Sudatta Ray
Sub-Saharan African smallholder farmers face numerous agricultural obstacles — such as climate change and the environment, corporate commodification of food and unpredictable political environments — and farmers are finding it difficult to sustain agricultural livelihoods and output. The international community currently approaches these obstacles through biotechnology, a temporary solution that contributes to the overarching issues of food security.
CIGI Policy Brief No. 43
BY: TIMOTHY DONAIS
PUBLISHED: JUNE 27, 2014
This lecture discusses the rapid but controversial rise of the principle of the responsibility to protect (R2P) in contemporary world politics. Special Adviser to the UN Secretary General on the Responsibility To Protect Jennifer Welsh demonstrates that while recent years have seen significant moves to institutionalize R2P in both states and international organizations, there has also been continuing contestation over R2P's scope and meaning.
The evolution of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) since 2005 has been marked by the dual trends of cascading consensus and continued controversy. R2P has become central for how the global community responds to genocide and mass atrocities. As a result of the interventions in Libya and Côte d’Ivoire, the norm now faces the risk of relevance. The authors of this Jr.
On June 27, 2012, Queen Elizabeth II shook the hand of Martin McGuinness, a former Irish Republican Army commander, symbolically solidifying the long peace process that had sought to resolve the Troubles of Northern Ireland. This historic gesture illustrates that even the most ideologically heated and intractable conflicts can be resolved.
Meningitis epidemics are a major concern in the 25-country area from Senegal to Ethiopia known as the “meningitis belt.” A communicable disease, meningitis affects large portions of the population, causes high rates of death and disability, and worsens the plight of families and communities in a region marked by extreme poverty.
The international community has become adept at responding to disasters. When a disaster hits — whether natural or as the consequence of human activity — humanitarian relief can be on the ground almost anywhere in the world in less than 24 hours. The international community has developed an elaborate network to respond to catastrophes involving the collaboration of international agencies, humanitarian relief organizations, national governments and concerned individuals.
By: Jennifer Clapp and C. Stuart Clark*
In late April 2012, the long-anticipated new Food Assistance Convention (FAC) text was finally agreed upon. The Food Assistance Convention replaces the 1999 Food Aid Convention, which expired in 2002 and has been limping along for a decade on year-long extensions.
Peacekeeping is as old as the United Nations (UN). For many decades, it consisted essentially of the interposition of lightly armed troops to act as neutral observers of a truce or a peace agreement. The end of the Cold War opened a new chapter in the history of peacekeeping. Peacekeeping operations have expanded dramatically in the last two decades and are now multidimensional, with complex mandates in increasingly difficult, and often dangerous, environments.