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Richard Mallet and Rachel Slater
Type: Briefing Paper
This synthesis briefing outlines the background and findings of the SLRC longitudinal panel survey, which was conducted in 2012 and 2015 in five countries of 10,000 people.
Since 2011, the Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium (SLRC) has sought to understand how processes of post- conflict recovery and state-building play out in some of the world’s most challenging contexts – and to equip policy- makers and practitioners with better information on how to support these processes.
Public-goods provision, equitable growth and rights-based development are at their most challenging in places affected by fragility, conflict and violence – which is why donors and agencies maintain a particular focus on such areas. However, while it is essential that such investments are based on solid evidence, understanding of how post-conflict recovery and state-building processes happen is limited.
Helping economies recover in the aftermath of war is a top policy priority for international donors and aid agencies, motivated by perceptions that persisting economic grievances are capable of sliding countries back into violence. However, while post-conflict economic programming is often aimed at resuscitating markets and developing the private sector, there is limited evidence to support investments in these areas.
State-building has provided the framework for international engagement in countries affected by conflict for at least the past decade. Service delivery is considered one of the few viable ‘entry points’ into this complex enterprise, offering donors and agencies a relatively tangible means of supporting these processes.
Every year a quarter of all international aid – approximately US$15 billion – is spent on capacity development. However, despite the continued dominance of capacity development, results are frequently disappointing.
Livelihoods are fundamentally about what people do to meet their needs over time, including how they cope with and recover from shocks. Understanding how people do this is a central part of the work of the Secure Livelihood Research Consortium (SLRC).
This report synthesizes findings on livelihoods from quantitative and qualitative research projects conducted by SLRC from 2011 to 2016 in eight countries affected by fragility and conflict to varying degrees: Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Nepal, Pakistan, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Sri Lanka, and Uganda.
Working Paper 31
Richard Mallett, Jessica Hagen-Zanker, Rachel Slater and Georgina Sturge
This SLRC briefing paper summarises the findings of a working paper exploring the evidence on growth, economic activity and livelihoods in fragile and conflict-affected situations. It discusses the impacts of conflict and growth and livelihoods, the effectiveness of aid programming, and the role of enabling environments in supporting recovery. Three key messages emerge:
Author(s): Richard Mallett and Rachel Slater
Type: Working Paper
This working paper reviews the evidence on growth, economic activity livelihoods in fragile and conflict-affected situations with the aim of identifying key findings, pinpointing specific weaknesses in the literature and shedding light on the nature and composition of the evidence base.
Author(s): Rachel Slater, Richard Mallett and Samuel Carpenter
Type: Working Paper
Full summary: Places affected by fragility and conflict perform consistently worse against a range of development indicators compared to their more stable counterparts. Yet, it is in these contexts that data are most limited, that evidence is of the poorest quality, and that programming and policy making tend to be least informed.
This SLRC briefing paper summarises the findings of a working paper exploring social protection and basic services (health, education and water) in fragile and conflict-affected situations and finds:
Evidence on social protection and service delivery in conflict-affected situations is fairly limited and of variable quality
The claim that there is a causal link between service delivery and state-building is frequently made but rarely evidenced