56 entries found
Sort by: Latest |Relevance
01 Nov 2007 description

This report summarizes the research findings of the Research Partnership on Postwar Statebuilding (RPPS), a collaborative research project of thirteen scholars from six countries who have sought to disentangle and scrutinize some of the key dilemmas of statebuilding. The contributors to this project believe that improving the effectiveness of statebuilding as a method of postwar peace consolidation requires more than simply identifying "lessons learned" from previous missions.

01 Jul 2007 description

In a series of Working Papers, IPA has asked leading experts to undertake a mapping exercise, presenting an assessment of critical challenges to human and international security. The Working Papers have three main objectives: to advance the understanding of these critical challenges and their interlinkages; to assess capacities to cope with these challenges and to draw scenarios for plausible future developments; and to offer a baseline for longer-term research and policy development.

01 Jun 2007 description

Executive Summary

The Middle East today faces a variety of acute crises, in addition to longer-term trends that also contribute to the exacerbation of the profound insecurity and instability pervading the region. A seismic shift in regional constellations has seen the emergence of four epicenters of conflict: Israel-Palestine, Iraq, Syria- Lebanon, and Iran. Globalization has also contributed to a reshaping of the political landscape in the region, and has affected the internal dynamics within Middle Eastern states, not least in terms of the rise of political Islamists.

01 Jun 2007 description

The focus of this paper is on conflicts within states. These range from the full scale armed conflict of a

01 May 2007 description

In October 2003, a report to the US Department of Defense received wide public attention for presenting
a grim future scenario with warring states and massive social disturbance as a result of dramatic climate change. Although not intended to be a prediction, the authors nevertheless argued the plausibility of a
scenario for rapid climate change which could result in a significant drop in the human carrying capacity of the earth's environment-food, water, and energy shortages, as well as extreme weather patterns. In turn,

01 Mar 2007 description

New Challenges for Peacekeeping: Protection, Peacebuilding and the "War on Terror" reviews the history and recent increase in demand for peacepeeking operations and presents policy options for the future.

01 Mar 2007 description

This paper offers a thorough analysis of the main challenges facing those engaged in conflict resolution today, both normative and practical.

01 Mar 2007 description

This paper reviews the past attempts at peacebuilding, and while acknowledging progress, discusses a series of chronic weaknesses in international peace efforts. They also point to more fundamental questions about the complexity of post-conflict transitions, the mismatch between expectations for rapid recovery and processes that have historically taken considerably longer, and the crucial issue of state-society relations as well as the types of state institutions needed to sustain peace, especially in poorer countries where, not coincidentally, most armed conflicts occur.

01 Mar 2007 description

Résumé des recommandations

En 2003, le Comité des Chefs d'état-major de l'Union africaine (UA) a relancé les efforts pour créer une Force africaine en attente (FAA), composante essentielle de l'architecture africaine de paix et de sécurité. Des progrès importants ont été faits au niveau conceptuel durant la phase I des travaux (2005-2006). Alors que la phase II est sur le point de démarrer, l'expérience de la Mission de l'UA au Soudan (MUAS) permet de tirer des enseignements utiles qui

01 Feb 2007 description

Small arms and light weapons kill at least 300,000 people a year, in both conflict and non-conflict situations, and injure or disable thousands more. Small arms are the weapons of choice of warring parties- government armies, paramilitaries, rebel forces, or even terrorists-and in recent wars they account for between 60 and 90 percent of direct conflict deaths, depending on the nature and intensity of the fighting. In non-war settings small arms represent one of the international agenda.

01 Feb 2007 description

The Middle East is perhaps the world's most crucial region: economically and strategically, the Middle East
occupies a top rank on the international agenda, with significance far beyond its geographical bounds.

01 Feb 2007 description

Africa is grappling with several difficult security challenges. These difficulties result not only from the magnitude of these challenges, but also from the lack of capacity of African states and organizations to respond quickly and effectively to them.

01 Feb 2007 description

The Caucasus and Central Asia - eight countries of the former Soviet Union stretching to the south of Russia and to the west of China - form a chain of weak states, vulnerable to conflict, extremism, and spillover from potential instability in the Middle East, Iran and Afghanistan. Once on the path of the Silk Road, these countries are still transit routes in the world economy rather than major economic players.

01 Jul 2006 description

One major trend in the field of peace operations over the last five or six years has been the increase in cooperation among international organisations involved in peace operations. This cooperation is more or less institutionalised and continues to develop in varying degrees at the headquarter level and in the field. This trend finds its rationale in the
necessity of burdensharing in a field where the needs are tremendous; international organisations do compete in peace operations, but are also willing to collaborate, drawing on their comparative advantages and complementarity.

01 Apr 2006 description

La présente note résume les débats tenus entre une quarantaine de représentants de missions permanentes auprès de l'ONU, du Département des opérations de maintien de la paix (DOMP), du Département des affaires politiques
(DPA), de l'Union européenne, de l'OTAN et de quelques grands pays donateurs au cours d'une réunion organisée à New York le 20 février 2006. Cette manifestation s'inscrivait dans le cadre d'une série de dialogues entre praticiens et

01 Apr 2006 description

This note summarizes discussions among some forty participants from permanent missions to the United Nations, the Department of Peacekeeping Operations, the Department of Political Affairs, the European Union, NATO, and select donor capitals at a seminar held in New York on 20 February 2006. It was the one in a series of activities designed to further key items on the agenda of the September 2005 World Summit through practical
dialogue among policymakers and practitioners.