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LONDON— Europe in 2015 faced its most severe migration crisis in centuries as an estimated one million people – mostly Muslims – fled war in Syria and poverty in other countries of the Middle East and Africa and made the complicated trek across Turkey and eastern Europe to reach Western Europe.
With another three million migrants and refugees expected in 2016, the mass migration has raised questions about the future of Europe and the ability of its countries to absorb the migrants both culturally and economically.
Around 2 million Syrian children live as refugees, but it's the heart-breaking stories of a small number of individuals that struck a chord on the internet.
BBC Trending looks at the stories of five Syrian refugee children who captured the attention of the world in 2015.
1. The girl who mistook a camera for a weapon
Read the full report here.
7592nd Meeting (PM)
SECURITY COUNCIL MEETINGS COVERAGE
With 2015 drawing to a close, Syria continued to sink “deeper and deeper into violence and brutality”, top United Nations officials told the Security Council today, urging parties to the conflict to allow humanitarian aid to enter and the international community to fund a $3.2 billion appeal for 2016.
Thank you very much for your kind words. It was a privilege for me to serve in the UN, and serve the most vulnerable of the world's vulnerable.
Ladies and Gentlemen,
November 26, 2015 – Ottawa, Ontario – Global Affairs Canada
The Honourable Marie-Claude Bibeau, Minister of International Development and La Francophonie, today announced $100 million in humanitarian assistance funding to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to help respond to pressing needs, including shelter, protection, education and health for those affected by the Syrian crisis.
New York – As we celebrate Universal Children’s Day and the progress accomplished to protect the rights of boys and girls around the world, we are also reminded that brutal conflicts and new tactics of war create unprecedented challenges we urgently need to address.
Statement by Ms. Leila Zerrougui, Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict
Briefing to the Security Council
Monthly meeting on the humanitarian situation in Syria
16 November 2015
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ShareTheMeal enables smartphone users to feed hungry children with a tap on their phone.
ROME – Smartphone users will now be able to help feed Syrian refugee children with a tap on their mobile phone thanks to the ShareTheMeal app, developed by the United Nations World Food Programme and launched in countries around the world today.
Jordan - IOM Director General William Lacy Swing has told a forum on the Syrian crisis that new and innovative approaches that address the needs and concerns of displaced and host populations, were urgently needed.
Speaking yesterday (09/11) at the UN organized Resilience Development Forum, hosted by Jordan from 8-9 November, Ambassador Swing said: “We must go beyond an exclusive focus on relief-oriented support and aim to deliver results that reduce vulnerability and build resilience for the longer term.”
by Filippo Dionigi
While diplomatic delegations in Vienna meet for the first time since almost two years to address the Syrian situation, we must not forget that the refugee crisis caused by this conflict represents one of the most urgent issues to be addressed, both regionally and globally, writes Filippo Dionigi.
The European Commission gives further €62 million in humanitarian aid to support Syrians displaced by the conflict inside the country. The funding allocation was announced today by European Commissioner for Humanitarian Aid and Crisis Management, Christos Stylianides, who is concluding his visit to Jordan and Lebanon.
The new funding comes at a critical moment with a worsening security situation in the country and will help cover winterisation and basic needs of refugees and host communities, such as health care, clean water, shelter, rent and education.
Oct 27, 2015 by Bruce Campbell (CCAFS) and Lisa Goddard (IRI)
New research indicates that the Syrian refugee crisis has roots within climate change. How can we ensure that history does not repeat itself in the coming decades of climate turmoil?
Save the Children’s Kate O’Sullivan reports from Lesvos, Greece
Here on the Greek island of Lesvos we’ve been hit by winter. A three day storm has brought chaos and desperation during a week that saw the highest numbers of arrivals onto the island for the whole year.
48,000 people arrived by dinghy across the Greek islands over just 5 days – that’s more than all of last year combined. The island of Lesvos saw over 27,000 alone, and all at the worst possible time.
By KAREEM FAHIM and MAHER SAMAANOCT. 26, 2015
BEIRUT, Lebanon — A tenuous truce in the Syrian countryside north of the city of Homs was shattered this month when Russian warplanes attacked the village of Ter Ma’aleh, killing at least a dozen people and sending most of the residents into hurried exile.
Read the story on the New York Times
Es necesario actuar para ofrecer ayuda y refugio y poner fin al derramamiento de sangre
Para la comunidad internacional, la llegada de decenas de miles de sirios a las fronteras europeas y las estremecedoras muertes de hombres, mujeres, niños y niñas durante el peligroso viaje para llegar hasta ellas se han convertido en un brutal recordatorio de la tragedia en la que está sumido el pueblo sirio. La desesperación en la que se ve sumida la población siria lleva a que muchas personas tengan que asumir riesgos inmensos para ellas y sus familias.
Il faut agir pour offrir assistance et refuge et mettre fin au bain de sang
L’arrivée ces dernières semaines de dizaines de milliers de Syriens aux frontières de l’Europe et la mort choquante de femmes, d’enfants et d’hommes lors de leur périple périlleux, secouent la communauté internationale et l’interpellent devant la tragédie qui engloutit le peuple syrien. Leur désespoir est tel que les Syriens en sont venus à prendre d’immenses risques pour eux-mêmes et leurs familles.
Action needed on aid, refuge, and to end the bloodshed
Author: Caroline Baudot, Oxfam Humanitarian Policy Adviser; Daniel Gorevan, Oxfam Campaigns and Policy Manager, Syria crisis
The arrival of tens of thousands of Syrians to Europe’s borders and the shocking deaths of women, children and men on their perilous journey has been a sharp reminder to the international community of the tragedy engulfing the people of Syria. Syrians put themselves and their families at so much risk only out of sheer desperation.
The refugee crisis in Syria is an inseparable part from the main issue Syrians have been dealing with; which are the continuous crimes against humanity and war crimes that have been perpetrated by the Syrian regime since March 2011. Months later, different armed groups followed its footsteps but did not amount to 10% of the crimes the Syrian regime committed, according to SNHR archive since March 2011.
Aleppo (18 September 2015) – It is the fifth year of war in Syria. Heavy fighting, bombed out homes, collapsing agriculture, lack of jobs, high food prices, healthcare and school systems in ruins, heavily damaged infrastructure and only sporadically functioning water and electricity have forced 4,086,760 Syrians to flee to neighbouring countries. Since war began in 2011, Europe has seen 428,735 Syrians seek asylum within its borders. The real tragedy, though, is still happening inside Syria.