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31 Dec 1994 description

United Nations reorganization and the Disaster Management Training Programme

Since this module was written, there have been reorganizations within the United Nations system. This section describes these organizational change and explains the expanded role of the United Nations in Disaster Management.

01 Dec 1994 description

Aiming to provide a short, accessible overview of 'good practice' in designing and implementing emergency supplementary feeding programmes (SFPs), this review seeks to highlight some hard-and- fast rules about how to design and implement emergency SFPs.

The review is aimed primarily at NGO, UN, and donor staff who are not specialists in nutrition and emergency feeding but who may, in the context of some future emergency, be involved in decisions about feeding programmes.

01 Nov 1994 description
report BRIDGE

This bibliography surveys research on issues of gender and humanitarian assistance, aiming to give an overview of what has already been discovered about assessing needs and providing assistance to women in disasters and emergencies, and during disaster mitigation and disaster recovery. It includes the following main chapters:

- Disaster / epidemics
- Civil strife and conflict
- Refugees and displaced persons
- Emergency (drought and famine) relief
- Disaster mitigation / disaster contingency planning
- Relief and development

01 Sep 1994 description

This study provides a description of the circumstances of and legal basis for, and activities related to UNHCR's involvement in 15 situations of internal displacement between the years 1971 and 1991.

01 Sep 1994 description

This issue covers a wide range of humanitarian issues. Articles offered in this publication include a piece on accepting the UN's limitations, a look at whether or not campaigns for anti-personnel mines are making progress and information regarding Bernard Kouchner's conflict prevention initiative. Other articles here cover such topics as strategies for aid media agencies in the news coverage of humanitarian emergencies, NGOs attending the Forum Global, the relief development continuum - what does the upsurge of interest mean?

01 Aug 1994 description
report Article 19

A practical and comprehensive resource book for governments, broadcasters, political parties, election monitoring and citizens groups, and all those concerned with the vital issue of free and fair elections.

01 Jun 1994 description

This review aims to provide a short, accessible overview of what may be considered 'good practice' in the field of emergency water and sanitation. For this purpose, it includes the following chapters:

- Water and sanitation in the context of environmental health
- Operating environment: General considerations
- Operating environment: Needs assessment, co-ordination and contingency planning
- Water: General principles
- Sanitation: General principles
- Typical scenarios

01 May 1994 description
report United Nations

This document provides guidelines for natural disaster prevention, preparedness and mitigation.

Part I describes the principles on which a disaster reduction strategy should be based.
Part II is a plan of action agreed upon by all member states of the United Nations
Part III gives some guidelines concerning the follow-up of action.

This document is the output of the World Conference on Natural Disaster Reduction, held in Yokohama, Japan, from 23 May to 27 May 1994.

01 Apr 1994 description

This document is a set of guidelines for the Consolidated Appeal Process. The first part of the document consists in a set of assumptions and definitions. The second part offers an overview the five main stages of the CAP:

- Pre-disaster planning
- Assessments
- Strategic planning
- Consolidated inter-angency appeal
- Post appeal follow-up activities.

01 Jan 1994 description

In FY 1993, OFDA responded to 65 new "declared" disasters. OFDA funding also covers additional funding for completion in prior-year and non-declared disasters. This year was marked by the OFDA response to the emergency in the Newly Independent States following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Total amount of US foreign Disaster Assistance spent in FY 1993 was $189,738,690.

Responded emergencies were as following;

01 Jan 1994 description
These guidelines seek to increase awareness of the threats posed by natural hazards and of the range of measures that may be adopted so as to reduce their impacts on developing countries. For this purpose, the documents contains the following parts:

Part I: Organizational and procedural arrangements with aid agencies
Part II: Disaster mitigation at the country level: approaches
Part III: Disaster mitigation at the country level: specific techniques.
01 Jan 1994 description

These guidelines define the goals and objectives, the principles and practical measures for the protection and assistance of refugee children. The book contains the following chapters:

- Refugee children and the rights of the child
- Culture
- Psychosocial well-being
- Health and nutrition
- Prevention and treatment of disabilities
- Personal liberty and security
- Legal status
- Education
- Unaccompanied children
- Durable solutions
- Operational framework

01 Jan 1994 description
The Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and NGOs in Disaster Relief assists in the monitoring of standards of relief delivery and seeks to encourage other agencies to set similar standards.

The Code goes against the assumption that disaster relief is essentially charitable work, sets universal basic standards to govern the way the relief community should work in disaster assistance and describes the relationships agencies working in disasters should seek with donor governments, host governments and the UN system.
01 Jan 1994 description

Aiming to increase awareness of the nature and management of disasters and consequently enhance the performance in disaster preparedness and response, this document examines various aspects of disaster assessment. Its four parts provide the following information:

- An overview of disaster assessment
- Practical insights on conducting assessments
- Role of the UN in relation to assessments
- Preparedness planning for emergency assessment

01 Jan 1994 description

These guidelines offer a set of approaches and tools that can be applied to varying scenarios to deal with the problem of collecting data about refugees who need protection or assistance. The following main chapters are included:

- Registration strategy
- Phases of a UNHCR registration
- Registration scenarios
- Assistance with planning and implementation
- Distribution at camp level

01 Jan 1994 description

This document highlights the advantages of the Body Mass Index (BMI) as a responsive and useful index of the nutritional status of the adult in a community. After defining chronic energy deficiency, the authors examine the following issues:

 - BMI as a reflection of body energy stores
 - BMI as an indicator of CED
 - BMI and factors affecting access to food
 - Functional consequences of low BMI in adults
 - Health and BMI
 - BMI distribution in developed and developing countries