A. Situation analysis Description of the disaster On 30 June 2015, UNHCR declared a “level 2” emergency in Greece, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and Serbia. During August 2015, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia saw a steep increase in the number of migrants transiting through its territory, adding to those already crossing the border since September 2014.
Summary of the appeal
This Operations Update n° 5 is published to inform about the extension of the operation`s timeframe until 30 September 2017 allowing the National Society to finalize the ongoing shelter construction in Struga, being delayed for technical reasons.
Summary of the appeal
On behalf of the Red Cross of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, the IFRC would like to thank the Austrian Red Cross, the British Red Cross, the Canadian Red Cross, the European Commission – DG ECHO, the Irish Red Cross Society, the Japanese Red Cross, the Norwegian Red Cross, the Red Cross of Monaco, the Swedish Red Cross, the Netherlands Red Cross including the Governments of Britain, Canada, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Norway, the Netherlands and corporate and private donors for their contributions to this Emergency Appeal.
This Operations Update no. 4 reports on the latest activities carried out by the Red Cross of the former Republic of Macedonia since the publication of the last operations update on 1 December 2016. It also informs about the extension of the operation's timeframe by one month, therefore the Emergency Appeal is ending on 31 January 2017.
Summary of the appeal
This Operations Update no. 3 reports on the latest activities carried out by the Red Cross of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia and reflects adaptations to the budget to ensure efficient distribution of remaining funds for covering the needs of the vulnerable target population. The proposed changes are mainly in the areas of procurement for emergency shelter, food and non-food items, clothing, as well as minor additional community engagement activities. The rest of activities remain the same.
Despite the deteriorating weather conditions and increasingly dangerous Mediterranean, October 2016 saw a spike in the number of refugees and migrants arriving on Italian shores. The 27,300 new arrivals, of whom an estimated 4,300 children, represent a three-fold increase compared to the same period last year.
SKOPJE, 27 October 2016 – Speaking at the OSCE Regional Conference “Promoting Synergies and Common Approaches in Addressing Human Trafficking along the Western Balkan Migration Route”, UNICEF Representative, Dr. Bertrand Desmoulins called for more long-term solutions to protect refugee and migrant children – including unaccompanied and separated children who are among the most vulnerable.
In 2016, more than 241,930 refugee and migrant children sought asylum in Europe. This is three times the number of children, who arrived by sea in Greece and Italy.
The refugee transit centre Vinojug near Gevgelija, some 6 kilometres north of the border with Greece and the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, looks like a make-shift village. It was opened in the summer of 2015 and has 133 residents now, mostly women and children, stuck between the future they set out to reach and the past they were trying to escape.
Summary of the appeal
This Operations Update no.2 aims to report on the progress of the operation since the revision of the emergency appeal on 6 June 2016 up to 25 August 2016.
GENEVA (23 September 2016) – The UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein on Friday called on the authorities of theformer Yugoslav Republic of Macedoniato end their systematic policy of expulsion and detention of migrants, following a visit to the country by his staff earlier this month.
Between January 2015 and August 2016, 596,275 refugee and migrant children sought asylum in Europe. More than 341,600 of them arrived by sea.
So far this year some 266,000 people crossed the Mediterranean. Although refugees and migrants continue using the Eastern Mediterranean route, in July Italy registered 10 times more arrivals than Greece.
So far this year more than 231,000 people crossed the Mediterranean. While the trend of decreased arrivals through the Eastern Mediterranean continued during the month of June, with only 1,500 new arrivals in Greece, some 22,250 people were rescued in Italian waters during the same period of time.
• Since January 2015, more than 1,200,000 people crossed the Mediterranean. From late 2015 and onwards there has been a steady increase in the proportion of children among refugees and migrants not only on the Eastern Mediterranean, but also on the more dangerous and perilous Central Mediterranean migration route. Currently this proportion stands at 35 per cent of all arrivals in 2016. In addition, it is estimated that almost 500 children lost their lives in the Eastern and Central Mediterranean since the beginning of 2016.
This Revised Emergency Appeal seeks a total of some 6,095,910 Swiss francs - a small increase from the original budget of 5,927,821 Swiss francs - to enable the IFRC to support the Red Cross of the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia to deliver assistance and support to some 221,136 people.
Since the beginning of 2016, almost 184,500 people have crossed the Mediterranean to seek safety and protection in Europe. Of them, 154,914 arrived on Greek shores. Since last March, there has been a significant reduction in the flow of refugee and migrant populations from northern Greece due to the enforcement of more rigid border controls along with adoption of the EU-Turkey agreement.
The gradual tightening of entry criteria in February 2016 and the final closure of Western Balkan borders to irregular onward movement on 7 March 2016 have left a group of some 1,000 people in the country who are now unable to continue towards their intended destination. Almost all of them are from Syria and Afghanistan. Around 770 are currently housed at the transit center at the northern border in Tabanovce, while 138 are residing at the Vinojug centre at the southern border in Gevgelija.
Since the beginning of 2016, almost 153,200 people have crossed the Mediterranean to seek safety and protection in Europe. Of them, 143,205 arrived through the Eastern Mediterranean, on Greek shores.
In February 2016, women and children made up 63 per cent of refugees and migrants crossing from Greece into the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, children were 41 per cent.
Last 127 arrivals occurred before 6am the 7th of March. No arrivals have been registered since then.
259 Daily average registration for the previous week
77% of last week registration were women and children
65% of previous week registration were women and children
Based on MoI registration data for weeks 29 Feb -06 March 2016 and 07 -13 March 2016