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01 Oct 1996 description
report UN General Assembly

The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the General Assembly the comments of the Administrative Committee on Coordination on the report of the Joint Inspection Unit entitled "The involvement of the United Nations system in providing and coordinating humanitarian assistance" (A/50/687).


Recommendation 10

01 Oct 1996 description

This paper focuses on humanitarian emergencies generated by conflict, severe government repression in rogue states, or natural or technological disasters that can be anticipated. Its main parts consist of:

Discussion of the nature of humanitarian emergencies, including scale, character, frequency, cost etc.

Global Survey of humanitarian developments
- Intense and simmering conflicts
- Severe government repression
- Cease-fires and political settlements
- Post-crisis
- Possible new humanitarian emergencies

01 Aug 1996 description

Focusing on contingency planning, these guidelines examines the following issues:

Purpose: Popular misconceptions, relationship to early warning, operations planning and needs assessment, indicators to suggest initiation of planning process.

Process: Emphases importance of process to arrive at an effective plan, describes a participatory approach and suggests mechanisms established in-country to update the plan and maintain the preparedness process.

01 Aug 1996 description
report UN General Assembly

To improve the protection and care of children in conflict situations and prevent these conflicts from occurring, this study proposes an agenda for action by Member States and the international community. The following issues are considered:

- Mitigating the impact of armed conflict on children
- Relevance and adequacy of existing standards
- Reconstruction and reconciliation
- Conflict prevention
- Implementation mechanisms

21 Jun 1996 description


  1. In its resolution 46/182 of 19 December 1991, the General Assembly stated its deep concern about the suffering of the victims of disasters and emergency situations, the loss in human lives, the flow of refugees, the mass displacement of people and the material destruction, and set forth a number of guiding principles and measures to strengthen the coordination of emergency humanitarian assistance of the United Nations system.

01 Jun 1996 description

Here, we offer a brief résumé of recent initiatives resulting from the Evaluation of Emergency Assistance to Rwanda. At this stage, it is difficult to gauge the impact of the Evaluation's recommendations on the international relief system as a whole, but in the two months since its publication in March 1996, it has been discussed in numerous fora and some of its findings are being acted upon at a number of levels. This issue reflects on findings in such areas as, accountability, standards, monitoring and reporting. Other findings focus on early warning and preparedness.

01 Jun 1996 description
report BRIDGE

Conflicts pose a major challenge for relief and development agencies working in affected areas. In this issue of Development and Gender in Brief, the debate on conflict and development is viewed through a gender lens. While gender is now an accepted development concern, gender analysis has yet to be widely applied to conflict situations. Media accounts of mass rape in Bosnia and elsewhere portray women as victims of war.

01 Jun 1996 description

Aiming to lay the basis for incorporating environmental factors into specific UNHCR guidance/guidelines, those outlined in this report aims to provide a framework within which UNHCR staff will be able to:

- Identify and evaluate environmental impacts and assign a rough economic cost to these
- Identify and evaluate opportunities to undertake positive environmental interventions
- Select interventions combining the interests of refugees, receiving country, donors and UNHCR

01 May 1996 description

Because of the risk of abuse, some essential drugs are under strict international control. The export-import control measures applicable to narcotic drugs, for example, make the timely international transportation of opioid analgesics to sites of emergencies virtually impossible. Face to this difficulty, the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) agreed that there was an urgent need to find a practical solution to this problem.

01 Apr 1996 description

This report argues for the importance for international relief workers to have solid background knowledge about the characteristics of modern conflict as well the social, cultural and historical dimensions of its impact in the particular locality. It offers the following chapters:

- Epidemiology of modern conflict
- Collective experience of war and its socio-cultural dimensions
- Social construction of traumatic events
- Critique of psychosocial trauma projects for war-affected populations
- Basic principles for interventions

01 Apr 1996 description

This document examines cost-effectiveness analysis, i.e. the process of aid delivery rather than the outcome, as a potentially valuable tool for the evaluation of relief operations. Its main aims are:

- Review perceptions of cost-effectiveness analysis among relief agency personnel
- Define terms involved and explore use of cost-effectiveness analysis in related fields
- Identify activities and situations where cost-effectiveness is most viable and useful
- Identify difficulties of using cost-effectiveness as criteria in assessments and evaluations

01 Jan 1996 description

The disaster descriptions in this report cover the period of the USG's fiscal year, October 1, 1994, through September 30, 1995. During FY 1995, BHR/OFDA responded to 57 new "declared" disasters. Many of the disasters in FY 1995 required a complex mix of USG financial and staff resources.

01 Jan 1996 description

This booklet stresses that today's multiple and complex humanitarian crises pose challenges to the mandates and response capacities of the United Nations and the international community. The increasing demand for international action in internal conflicts is a reflection of a new dimension in international relations. The document consists in two parts:

Part I describes the current situation
Part II proposes guidelines for action.

This document is an output of the Inter-agency Standing Committee.

01 Jan 1996 description

Calling for a comprehensive approach to disaster management embracing prevention, preparedness, response and recovery, this manual provides a comprehensive guide on disaster recovery at all levels for use in planning, training and operations. Its four main sections examine:

- Concepts and principles underpinning the recovery process
- Insight into the likely impact a disaster may have upon the community
- Structures to manage disaster recovery, together with planning and operational guidelines
- Specific services which may be provided