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01 Sep 1994 description

This study provides a description of the circumstances of and legal basis for, and activities related to UNHCR's involvement in 15 situations of internal displacement between the years 1971 and 1991.

01 Sep 1994 description

This issue covers a wide range of humanitarian issues. Articles offered in this publication include a piece on accepting the UN's limitations, a look at whether or not campaigns for anti-personnel mines are making progress and information regarding Bernard Kouchner's conflict prevention initiative. Other articles here cover such topics as strategies for aid media agencies in the news coverage of humanitarian emergencies, NGOs attending the Forum Global, the relief development continuum - what does the upsurge of interest mean?

01 Aug 1994 description
report Article 19

A practical and comprehensive resource book for governments, broadcasters, political parties, election monitoring and citizens groups, and all those concerned with the vital issue of free and fair elections.

01 Jun 1994 description

This review aims to provide a short, accessible overview of what may be considered 'good practice' in the field of emergency water and sanitation. For this purpose, it includes the following chapters:

- Water and sanitation in the context of environmental health
- Operating environment: General considerations
- Operating environment: Needs assessment, co-ordination and contingency planning
- Water: General principles
- Sanitation: General principles
- Typical scenarios

01 May 1994 description
report United Nations

This document provides guidelines for natural disaster prevention, preparedness and mitigation.

Part I describes the principles on which a disaster reduction strategy should be based.
Part II is a plan of action agreed upon by all member states of the United Nations
Part III gives some guidelines concerning the follow-up of action.

This document is the output of the World Conference on Natural Disaster Reduction, held in Yokohama, Japan, from 23 May to 27 May 1994.

01 Apr 1994 description

This document is a set of guidelines for the Consolidated Appeal Process. The first part of the document consists in a set of assumptions and definitions. The second part offers an overview the five main stages of the CAP:

- Pre-disaster planning
- Assessments
- Strategic planning
- Consolidated inter-angency appeal
- Post appeal follow-up activities.

01 Jan 1994 description

In FY 1993, OFDA responded to 65 new "declared" disasters. OFDA funding also covers additional funding for completion in prior-year and non-declared disasters. This year was marked by the OFDA response to the emergency in the Newly Independent States following the collapse of the Soviet Union. Total amount of US foreign Disaster Assistance spent in FY 1993 was $189,738,690.

Responded emergencies were as following;

01 Jan 1994 description
These guidelines seek to increase awareness of the threats posed by natural hazards and of the range of measures that may be adopted so as to reduce their impacts on developing countries. For this purpose, the documents contains the following parts:

Part I: Organizational and procedural arrangements with aid agencies
Part II: Disaster mitigation at the country level: approaches
Part III: Disaster mitigation at the country level: specific techniques.
01 Jan 1994 description
The Code of Conduct for the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement and NGOs in Disaster Relief assists in the monitoring of standards of relief delivery and seeks to encourage other agencies to set similar standards.

The Code goes against the assumption that disaster relief is essentially charitable work, sets universal basic standards to govern the way the relief community should work in disaster assistance and describes the relationships agencies working in disasters should seek with donor governments, host governments and the UN system.
01 Jan 1994 description

Aiming to increase awareness of the nature and management of disasters and consequently enhance the performance in disaster preparedness and response, this document examines various aspects of disaster assessment. Its four parts provide the following information:

- An overview of disaster assessment
- Practical insights on conducting assessments
- Role of the UN in relation to assessments
- Preparedness planning for emergency assessment

01 Jan 1994 description

These guidelines offer a set of approaches and tools that can be applied to varying scenarios to deal with the problem of collecting data about refugees who need protection or assistance. The following main chapters are included:

- Registration strategy
- Phases of a UNHCR registration
- Registration scenarios
- Assistance with planning and implementation
- Distribution at camp level

01 Jan 1994 description

This document highlights the advantages of the Body Mass Index (BMI) as a responsive and useful index of the nutritional status of the adult in a community. After defining chronic energy deficiency, the authors examine the following issues:

 - BMI as a reflection of body energy stores
 - BMI as an indicator of CED
 - BMI and factors affecting access to food
 - Functional consequences of low BMI in adults
 - Health and BMI
 - BMI distribution in developed and developing countries

01 Jan 1994 description

These guidelines define the goals and objectives, the principles and practical measures for the protection and assistance of refugee children. The book contains the following chapters:

- Refugee children and the rights of the child
- Culture
- Psychosocial well-being
- Health and nutrition
- Prevention and treatment of disabilities
- Personal liberty and security
- Legal status
- Education
- Unaccompanied children
- Durable solutions
- Operational framework

01 Sep 1993 description

Please note the large file size and allow fo longer downloading time

01 Jan 1993 description

The report of the OFDA FY1992 covers natural disasters as well as civil strifes occurred during the year. With its PMP (Disaster Prevention, Mitigation and Preparedness) Division, OFDA especially carried out its programs and put most of its resources on hazard-prone regions, such as Latin America, Asia and Africa. The report tells readers how and for what kind of programs had the budget been used, and to what extent the programs had benefited.

01 Jan 1993 description

This conference reports presents the results of a conference on providing appropriate and immediate technical support such as water supply, sanitation, shelter and access for refugees.

Addressing problems of poorly prepared and coordinated response and seeking to enable victims of future disasters to be helped more effectively, the conference sought to provide an opportunity for relief staff to learn from past mistakes and consider ways of improving their response.

01 Jan 1993 description

With problems of refugees raising not only humanitarian and human rights concerns but also fundamental issues of international peace and security, this report examines the challenge of protection amid the dynamics of changing political realities. For this purpose, it contains the following chapters:

- Challenge of protection
- Dynamics of displacement
- Asylum under threat
- Information as protection
- Protection in times of armed conflict
- Responding to refugee emergencies
- Going home: Voluntary repatriation
- Prevention

01 Dec 1992 description

The OECD Development Assistance Committee (DAC) seeks to improve and co-ordinate Member policies which will integrate development and environment imperatives. The Guidelines are designed to help policy makers and practitioners address serious national, regional and international environmental problems.