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01 Jun 1996 description

Here, we offer a brief résumé of recent initiatives resulting from the Evaluation of Emergency Assistance to Rwanda. At this stage, it is difficult to gauge the impact of the Evaluation's recommendations on the international relief system as a whole, but in the two months since its publication in March 1996, it has been discussed in numerous fora and some of its findings are being acted upon at a number of levels. This issue reflects on findings in such areas as, accountability, standards, monitoring and reporting. Other findings focus on early warning and preparedness.

01 Jun 1996 description
report BRIDGE

Conflicts pose a major challenge for relief and development agencies working in affected areas. In this issue of Development and Gender in Brief, the debate on conflict and development is viewed through a gender lens. While gender is now an accepted development concern, gender analysis has yet to be widely applied to conflict situations. Media accounts of mass rape in Bosnia and elsewhere portray women as victims of war.

01 Jun 1996 description

Aiming to lay the basis for incorporating environmental factors into specific UNHCR guidance/guidelines, those outlined in this report aims to provide a framework within which UNHCR staff will be able to:

- Identify and evaluate environmental impacts and assign a rough economic cost to these
- Identify and evaluate opportunities to undertake positive environmental interventions
- Select interventions combining the interests of refugees, receiving country, donors and UNHCR

01 May 1996 description

Because of the risk of abuse, some essential drugs are under strict international control. The export-import control measures applicable to narcotic drugs, for example, make the timely international transportation of opioid analgesics to sites of emergencies virtually impossible. Face to this difficulty, the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) agreed that there was an urgent need to find a practical solution to this problem.

01 Apr 1996 description

This report argues for the importance for international relief workers to have solid background knowledge about the characteristics of modern conflict as well the social, cultural and historical dimensions of its impact in the particular locality. It offers the following chapters:

- Epidemiology of modern conflict
- Collective experience of war and its socio-cultural dimensions
- Social construction of traumatic events
- Critique of psychosocial trauma projects for war-affected populations
- Basic principles for interventions

01 Apr 1996 description

This document examines cost-effectiveness analysis, i.e. the process of aid delivery rather than the outcome, as a potentially valuable tool for the evaluation of relief operations. Its main aims are:

- Review perceptions of cost-effectiveness analysis among relief agency personnel
- Define terms involved and explore use of cost-effectiveness analysis in related fields
- Identify activities and situations where cost-effectiveness is most viable and useful
- Identify difficulties of using cost-effectiveness as criteria in assessments and evaluations

01 Jan 1996 description

The disaster descriptions in this report cover the period of the USG's fiscal year, October 1, 1994, through September 30, 1995. During FY 1995, BHR/OFDA responded to 57 new "declared" disasters. Many of the disasters in FY 1995 required a complex mix of USG financial and staff resources.

01 Jan 1996 description

This booklet stresses that today's multiple and complex humanitarian crises pose challenges to the mandates and response capacities of the United Nations and the international community. The increasing demand for international action in internal conflicts is a reflection of a new dimension in international relations. The document consists in two parts:

Part I describes the current situation
Part II proposes guidelines for action.

This document is an output of the Inter-agency Standing Committee.

01 Jan 1996 description

Calling for a comprehensive approach to disaster management embracing prevention, preparedness, response and recovery, this manual provides a comprehensive guide on disaster recovery at all levels for use in planning, training and operations. Its four main sections examine:

- Concepts and principles underpinning the recovery process
- Insight into the likely impact a disaster may have upon the community
- Structures to manage disaster recovery, together with planning and operational guidelines
- Specific services which may be provided

01 Jan 1996 description

This study presents information and lessons on community recovery processes following disasters. Its main objectives are to study cases where societal disruption has been caused by serious environmental pollution, and to exchange information and lessons concerning the community recovery process following such disasters.


01 Jan 1996 description

Dealing primarily with large-scale refugee situations, this handbook aims to provide UNHCR and NGO field staff with a practical protection tool relating to voluntary repatriation and promote consistency in international refugee protection and in the practice of agencies working in this area.

In addition to outlining a wide variety of practical approaches to protection issues in voluntary repatriation operations to provide ideas and tools, the following main issues are discussed:

- UNHCR's mandate for voluntary repatriation

01 Jan 1996 description

These guidelines provide an outline of basic contraceptive logistics management principles and procedures for use by program managers in camps for refugees or displaced persons.

The guide seeks to help program managers design and implement a simple contraceptive logistics system in refugee camps where family planning programs are just beginning and can improve the system in a camp where family planning programs are underway.

01 Jan 1996 description
report BRIDGE

This report examines how gender relations are affected in the four phases of an armed conflict and which strategies can be pursued to enhance women's bargaining power in decision-making processes in conflict and peace negotiations. It offers the following chapters:

- Understanding conflict
- Towards a gender analysis of conflict
- Gender dimensions of conflict
- Conflict and interventions

01 Jan 1996 description
report UN Children's Fund

The 1997 State of the World's Children report examines the issue of child labour, urging an immediate end to hazardous and exploitative child labour and advocating for urgent support for education as the best means of combating the problem.

Arguing for the United Nations to take the lead in mobilising the widest possible coalition of partners among governments, communities, NGOs, employers and trade unions, the report provides specific recommendations for all actors in tackling the problem.

01 Jan 1996 description

This study analyses the strengths and weaknesses of the coordination effort of the international community in three major crises: Afghanistan, Mozambique and Rwanda.

While focusing primarily on the approaches taken by the UN, including both the political-military and the humanitarian-development sides of the organisation, the interactions between the UN and NGOs are also explored.

01 Jan 1996 description

-Zipped dataformats options are BIL or TIF.
-These files are to be used with GIS or image processing software.

01 Jan 1996 description

-Zipped dataformats options are BIL or TIF.
-These files are to be used with GIS or image processing software.

With few exceptions, we used official census figures or official estimates which were taken from national publications (census reports or statistical yearbooks) or from secondary data sources (yearbooks and  gazetteers). In order to maximize comparability across national boundaries, all district-level population figures were projected to 1995.

               File size: BIL - 1379K, TIFF - 1380K