Headlines (most recent)
- UNICEF: More than 29 million babies born into conflict in 2018. 20 Sep 2019
- IFRC: Humanitarian aid to cost US$20 billion per year by 2030 in a warmer world. 19 Sep 2019
- WHO: World at risk of pandemics, warns global monitoring board. 19 Sep 2019
- UNICEF: Every 11 seconds, a pregnant woman or newborn dies somewhere around the world. 19 Sep 2019
- FAO: FAO report says 41 countries need food assistance. 19 Sep 2019
Most read reports
- FAO: Crop Prospects and Food Situation, No. 3, September 2019. 19 Sep 2019
- IEP: Global Peace Index 2019. 12 Jun 2019
- OCHA: Humanitarian and Country Icons 2018. 17 Dec 2018
- WHO: A World at Risk : Annual report on global preparedness for health emergencies - Global Preparedness Monitoring Board [EN/AR/RU/ZH]. 19 Sep 2019
- IFRC: The Cost of Doing Nothing: The Humanitarian Price of Climate Change and How it Can be Avoided. 19 Sep 2019
This report aims to contribute to the revision
process of the 1999 Manual for Estimating the Socio-Economic Effects of
Natural Disasters, a tool aimed at professionals engaged in the valuation
of natural disasters' socio-economic impacts. As part of the revision,
the report aims to expand the scope of the Manual through the incorporation
of environmental damages. In particular, it discusses:
- Concept of environmental values from an economic perspective
- Overview of valuation methods aimed at quantifying the values in monetary terms
This independent evaluation of UN humanitarian
coordination in the field aims to:
- Draw lessons from recent experiences in humanitarian coordination
- Understand the advantages and disadvantages of UN coordination models
- Identify features of coordination arrangements providing 'added value'.
Focusing on distribution in natural disasters
and/or in relatively peaceful settings, this
paper reviews the theoretical underpinnings of a cash-based approach to
food emergencies, and presents case-studies of cash distribution drawn
from Africa, South Asia and the Balkans.
Highlighting both the risks and the benefits of cash-based responses as against traditional food aid, the paper concludes by setting out the conditions under which cash aid might be an appropriate response, and highlights how its associated risks can be minimised.
Examining developments in the world security
environment for the year 2000, this annual study explores three main areas;
security and conflicts; military spending and armaments, and non-proliferation,
arms control and disarmament.
Based on research carried out between 1999 and
2000, this report contains information on the prevalence of child soldiers
in 180 countries and territories. The chapters provide a global overview,
a world map of child soldiers and the situation of individual countries
with respect to:
- National recruitment legislation
- Child recruitment
- Military training
- Developments regarding international standards
This report aims to provide an overview of NGOs'
current practices in developmental relief, i.e. the implementation of relief
activities in ways that, in addition to addressing immediate needs, also
contribute to sustainable development and peace. For this purpose, it looks
at values, principles, and activities, as well as to identifies issues
and challenges facing NGOs in this area.
The report is based on interviews conducted with nine NGOs, as well as reports, program summaries, and other documentation provided by the organisations interviewed.
This article seeks to draw attention
to some of the issues affecting women detainees and the applicable international
humanitarian law and standards which afford them protection and assistance.
Several issues relating to the conditions of detention are discussed, including
pregnancies, health, food and protection from ill-treatment, as well as
the activities of the ICRC's in that area.
The report is part of a effort to ensure the guarantees established by international humanitarian law to protect women in war are duly implemented and respected by actors world-wide.
Despite renewed commitment by States to
respect and ensure respect for the rules of international humanitarian
law, the surge of violence against civilians has continued. As a result,
traditional schemes of protection enshrined in international law are increasingly
questioned, revealing the need to develop new strategies to enhance the
protection of civilians in times of war.
This paper aims to clarify and synthesize the
best current thinking and understanding about the interlinkages between
development, conflict prevention and peace-building, as well as how development
cooperation can contribute most effectively. In particular, the paper discusses:
- Response to analytical needs identified in Brahimi report and related discussions
- Expert analyses, policy and operational experience, examinations of best practice
- Base for wider consultations to engage development and other agencies
This report aims to give refugee women a voice
and help the UNHCR evaluate the Office's commitments to, and remaining
gaps in, promoting equal rights of refugee women and men.
Issues of concern to refugee women: Sexual and gender-based violence, domestic violence, right to seek and enjoy asylum, freedom of movement, right to return to one's country, basic needs and right to employment and education.
In the context of the Mine Action Programme
for Afghanistan implemented in 1999, this study analyses the problem of
mines, the costs and benefits of mine operations and methods of dealing
with the problem from an integrated socio-economic perspective.
For this purpose, information is provided on:
- Afghanistan: Society and economy, history of mines, the Mine Action Programme
- Effects of mines on humans, agricultural land, residential areas, roads and transportation
- Clearance operations and costs
- Mine clearance in cost-benefit terms
Examining strategic response to conflict-prone
situations, this report outlines the Peace and Conflict Impact Assessment
methodology, a planning and management tool to assist development and humanitarian
organisations in analysing situations of (potential) conflict and identifying
strategic opportunities for conflict prevention and peace-building. Its
main sections discuss:
- Analysis: Conflict and peace
- Strategy: Strategic choices and objectives
- Implementation: Programmes, activities and sustainability
This paper explores the nature of children's
security within the context of modern threats from globalization and new
forms of warfare. It analyzes the sources of insecurity faced by children
and the survival strategies they and their families employ as a result.
Through a number of case-studies, it questions the usefulness of assistance
programs that focus on the physical needs of children in isolation of their
social and communal environment. As children are in a constant state of
development, protecting their security requires more than support against
This report provides a summary of WHALE III
(The Wisdom we Have Aquired from the Liberia Experience), a regional workshop
in Monrovia reviewing and identifying lessons learned from the Liberia
repatriation and reintegration operation, as well as insights gained from
the rapporteur's involvement with previous repatriation and reintegration
- Operational environment
- Impact of the program
- Rationale and scope for UNHCR's involvement
- Planning and participation
- Partnership with local authorities
- Lessons for the future
This report examines internal displacement
in the Americas, including its distictive features and the problems affecting
the internally displaced. In addition, innovative efforts in addressing
the crisis at national and regional levels and the use of the Guiding Principles
for IDPs are considered.
The report aims to provide guidance to those working on forced displacement in the Americas, but is also of relevance to problems of displacement in other parts of the world.
This report for the year 2000 examines OSCE
Governments' compliance with their OSCE and other international human
rights commitments, and documents human dimension issues in those countries.
The report is based on the results of investigations carried out by the national Helsinki Committees, other cooperating human rights NGOs and the IHF Secretariat.
This report provides general background and
information pertaining to large-scale disasters in the least developed
countries. The following themes are discussed:
- Impact on the economy
- Links between disasters and poverty
- Courses of action
The 2001 report by the UN Secretary-General describes the status of the implementation of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction. It also reviews the current institutional arrangements for the implementation of the Strategy, on the basis of the experience during its first year of operation, and makes recommendations on the subject.