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01 Jun 2001 description

This report aims to contribute to the revision process of the 1999 Manual for Estimating the Socio-Economic Effects of Natural Disasters, a tool aimed at professionals engaged in the valuation of natural disasters' socio-economic impacts. As part of the revision, the report aims to expand the scope of the Manual through the incorporation of environmental damages. In particular, it discusses:

- Concept of environmental values from an economic perspective
- Overview of valuation methods aimed at quantifying the values in monetary terms

01 Jun 2001 description

This independent evaluation of UN humanitarian coordination in the field aims to:

- Draw lessons from recent experiences in humanitarian coordination
- Understand the advantages and disadvantages of UN coordination models
- Identify features of coordination arrangements providing 'added value'.

01 Jun 2001 description

Focusing on distribution in natural disasters and/or in relatively peaceful settings, this paper reviews the theoretical underpinnings of a cash-based approach to food emergencies, and presents case-studies of cash distribution drawn from Africa, South Asia and the Balkans.

Highlighting both the risks and the benefits of cash-based responses as against traditional food aid, the paper concludes by setting out the conditions under which cash aid might be an appropriate response, and highlights how its associated risks can be minimised.

01 Jun 2001 description

Examining developments in the world security environment for the year 2000, this annual study explores three main areas; security and conflicts; military spending and armaments, and non-proliferation, arms control and disarmament.

01 Jun 2001 description

Based on research carried out between 1999 and 2000, this report contains information on the prevalence of child soldiers in 180 countries and territories. The chapters provide a global overview, a world map of child soldiers and the situation of individual countries with respect to:

- National recruitment legislation
- Child recruitment
- Military training
- Developments regarding international standards

01 Jun 2001 description
report InterAction

This report aims to provide an overview of NGOs' current practices in developmental relief, i.e. the implementation of relief activities in ways that, in addition to addressing immediate needs, also contribute to sustainable development and peace. For this purpose, it looks at values, principles, and activities, as well as to identifies issues and challenges facing NGOs in this area.

The report is based on interviews conducted with nine NGOs, as well as reports, program summaries, and other documentation provided by the organisations interviewed.

01 Jun 2001 description

This article seeks to draw attention to some of the issues affecting women detainees and the applicable international humanitarian law and standards which afford them protection and assistance. Several issues relating to the conditions of detention are discussed, including pregnancies, health, food and protection from ill-treatment, as well as the activities of the ICRC's in that area.

The report is part of a effort to ensure the guarantees established by international humanitarian law to protect women in war are duly implemented and respected by actors world-wide.

31 May 2001 description
report Harvard University

Despite renewed commitment by States to respect and ensure respect for the rules of international humanitarian law, the surge of violence against civilians has continued. As a result, traditional schemes of protection enshrined in international law are increasingly questioned, revealing the need to develop new strategies to enhance the protection of civilians in times of war.

31 May 2001 description
With armed forces and humanitarian organisations increasingly called upon to work together, this article puts analyses the main options available to the ICRC at strategic and operational levels. In addition, it offers an outline of the ICRC's position with respect to relations and co-operation between the ICRC and military missions.
31 May 2001 description

This paper aims to clarify and synthesize the best current thinking and understanding about the interlinkages between development, conflict prevention and peace-building, as well as how development cooperation can contribute most effectively. In particular, the paper discusses:

- Response to analytical needs identified in Brahimi report and related discussions
- Expert analyses, policy and operational experience, examinations of best practice
- Base for wider consultations to engage development and other agencies

31 May 2001 description

This report aims to give refugee women a voice and help the UNHCR evaluate the Office's commitments to, and remaining gaps in, promoting equal rights of refugee women and men.

Issues of concern to refugee women: Sexual and gender-based violence, domestic violence, right to seek and enjoy asylum, freedom of movement, right to return to one's country, basic needs and right to employment and education.

31 May 2001 description

In the context of the Mine Action Programme for Afghanistan implemented in 1999, this study analyses the problem of mines, the costs and benefits of mine operations and methods of dealing with the problem from an integrated socio-economic perspective.
For this purpose, information is provided on:

- Afghanistan: Society and economy, history of mines, the Mine Action Programme
- Effects of mines on humans, agricultural land, residential areas, roads and transportation
- Clearance operations and costs
- Mine clearance in cost-benefit terms

31 May 2001 description

Examining strategic response to conflict-prone situations, this report outlines the Peace and Conflict Impact Assessment methodology, a planning and management tool to assist development and humanitarian organisations in analysing situations of (potential) conflict and identifying strategic opportunities for conflict prevention and peace-building. Its main sections discuss:

- Analysis: Conflict and peace
- Strategy: Strategic choices and objectives
- Implementation: Programmes, activities and sustainability

01 May 2001 description
report Harvard University

This paper explores the nature of children's security within the context of modern threats from globalization and new forms of warfare. It analyzes the sources of insecurity faced by children and the survival strategies they and their families employ as a result. Through a number of case-studies, it questions the usefulness of assistance programs that focus on the physical needs of children in isolation of their social and communal environment. As children are in a constant state of development, protecting their security requires more than support against physical harm.

01 May 2001 description

This report provides a summary of WHALE III (The Wisdom we Have Aquired from the Liberia Experience), a regional workshop in Monrovia reviewing and identifying lessons learned from the Liberia repatriation and reintegration operation, as well as insights gained from the rapporteur's involvement with previous repatriation and reintegration operations.

- Operational environment
- Impact of the program
- Rationale and scope for UNHCR's involvement
- Planning and participation
- Partnership with local authorities
- Lessons for the future

01 May 2001 description

This report examines internal displacement in the Americas, including its distictive features and the problems affecting the internally displaced. In addition, innovative efforts in addressing the crisis at national and regional levels and the use of the Guiding Principles for IDPs are considered.

The report aims to provide guidance to those working on forced displacement in the Americas, but is also of relevance to problems of displacement in other parts of the world.

01 May 2001 description

This report for the year 2000 examines OSCE Governments' compliance with their OSCE and other international human rights commitments, and documents human dimension issues in those countries.

The report is based on the results of investigations carried out by the national Helsinki Committees, other cooperating human rights NGOs and the IHF Secretariat.

01 May 2001 description

This report provides general background and information pertaining to large-scale disasters in the least developed countries. The following themes are discussed:

- Impact on the economy
- Links between disasters and poverty
- Courses of action

01 May 2001 description
report UN General Assembly

The 2001 report by the UN Secretary-General describes the status of the implementation of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction. It also reviews the current institutional arrangements for the implementation of the Strategy, on the basis of the experience during its first year of operation, and makes recommendations on the subject.