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10 Feb 1997 description
report UN General Assembly


(...) 13. Requests the Secretary-General to further develop Reliefweb as the global humanitarian information system for the dissemination of reliable and timely information on emergencies and natural disasters, and encourages all Governments, the United Nations agencies, funds and programmes and other relevant organizations, including non-governmental organizations, to support Reliefweb and actively participate in the Reliefweb information exchange, through the Department of Humanitarian Affairs;

01 Feb 1997 description

The recent assassinations of six ICRC workers in Chechnya, and three Medicos Mundi workers in Rwanda has brought home the dangers involved in working in conflict situations. This issue discusses the need for policy regarding the provisions of insurance for overseas workers. This article is followed by a look at security guidelines and highlights that there is no guarantee for security improvements for aid workers. A monitoring and evolution flow up piece on Rwanda can also be found here.

01 Feb 1997 description

Exploring basic moral and legal framework of human rights, this papers looks at issues of responsibility, protection and enforcement in the light of international legal obligations. Relating this to the work of humanitarian agencies in their attempts to provide assistance and protection to communities affected by conflict and other disasters, its main chapters explore:

- Different traditions: human rights and humanitarianism
- Moral and legal rights
- Human rights in law
- Responsibility for protection and enforcement
- Human rights in armed conflict

01 Feb 1997 description

Focusing on the special needs of unaccompanied children seeking asylum, this document provides recommendations for government bodies, specialized agencies and individuals in delivering an effective continuum of care and protection.

Highlighting the importance of a comprehensive approach, the document seeks to promote awareness of special needs of unaccompanied children and the rights reflected in the Convention on the Rights of the Child as well as stimulate discussions on how to develop principles and practices to ensure these needs are met.

01 Feb 1997 description

This report reviews reductions in armed forces and opposition forces of Central American countries and the context of each demobilization experience. A brief background of the Central American peace process and the resolution of conflicts in Nicaragua and El Salvador will illustrate how a trend toward demilitarization in the region developed and established a sense of regional security -though at times unstable- essential to successful demobilization and reintegration experiences.

01 Jan 1997 description

The disaster descriptions in this report cover the period of the USG's fiscal year, October 1, 1995, through September 30, 1996. During FY 1996, BHR/OFDA responded to 65 new declared disasters. Many of the disasters in FY 1996 required a complex mix of USG financial and staff resources.

01 Jan 1997 description

This manual provides information to Vector Control Personnel for their immediate use during crisis situations in refugee camps. For this purpose, it deals with the following issues:

- Problem arthropods of the area
- Biological influences on the choice and effectiveness of control methods
- Vector-borne diseases of the area
- Basic control methods and equipment
- Pesticide safety and toxicity

01 Jan 1997 description

This report considers the broad range of factors increasing children's vulnerability to malnutrition brought about by armed conflicts. Case studies examine the impact of armed conflict on food and nutrition in Somalia, flight and loss of property in Liberia and using food aid in the Sudan. In addition, topics discussed include:

- Insufficient household food security
- Coping during conflict
- Insufficient health services and unhealthy environment
- Impaired caring capacities
- Response mechanisms

01 Jan 1997 description

With mass population displacements becoming both an objective and a tactic of war, this book provides a topical and detailed examination of the problem of forced displacement, focusing on the different groups of people who are protected and assisted by the organization. It contains the following chapters:

- Safeguarding human security
- Defending refugee rights
- Internal conflict and displacement
- Return and reintegration
- Asylum dilemma

01 Jan 1997 description
This report brings a gender perspective to the analysis of peace and conflict, attempting to outline the central components of a gender analysis to peace and conflict issues, and to suggest what can be achieved by incorporating a gender perspective. For this purpose, it examines:

- Gender analysis in practice
- What is gender difference
- Gender, politics and security
- Men and women in the battlefield
01 Jan 1997 description

Intending to assist States Parties in monitoring and implementing international human rights standards, this manual provides a practical tool for government officials in the preparation and submission of reports required under UN international human rights treaties.

The Manual places the reporting process within the framework of both domestic policy-making and a government's international accountability on human rights issues.

01 Jan 1997 description

Examining UN supported mine action programmes in Afghanistan, Angola, Cambodia and Mozambique, this report aims to identify lessons learned with respect to the most effective means of addressing humanitarian implications of landmines. For this purpose, the following issues are examined:

- Mine warfare: Implications for civilians and mine action programmes
- UN focal point support for mine action programmes
- Mine action activities and peace-keeping missions
- Building indigenous institutional capabilities
- Assessment and preliminary plan

01 Jan 1997 description

This report examines the role of the media and its potential in helping prevent and moderate social violence. For this purpose, it develops a typology of potential roles of the media, drawing on conflict management theories, negotiating theory, and other approaches to the prevention and management of conflict at the international and sub-state level.

The paper aims to contribute to the establishment of a clear, systematic sense of what media-based initiatives would be possible and appropriate to undertake in particular conflict situations.

01 Jan 1997 description

This handbook aims to support journalists who report stories with human rights or humanitarian components and who must work fast, seek accuracy, keep their costs low, and work all or much of the time without Email or Internet access. It includes chapters on the following issues:

- International human rights law
- International humanitarian law
- Disasters and war
- Migrants and refugees
- Minorities and indigenous/tribal peoples
- Women and children

The handbook was written in collaboration with several legal experts and professional journalists.

01 Jan 1997 description

Aiming to improve operational efficiency to save lives and resources and lay the groundwork for faster regional recuperation and reconstruction, this conference report examines information sharing and communications systems linking humanitarian and military actors.

In addition to drawing lessons from practices among humanitarian and peacekeeping organisations in complex emergency operations in Somalia, Rwanda, and Liberia, it also discusses the following issues:

- Current field communications practices
- Improving practices through new technologies

01 Jan 1997 description
report United Nations

In the context of concerns regarding lack of proper reporting to Member States on the use of funds devoted to humanitarian assistance activities, this report examines the principles governing the financial control between the organisations of the UN system and their implementing partners.

Issues considered include the selection methods and criteria of implementing partners; legal, administrative and financial procedures; controlling mechanisms; and reporting procedures.

01 Jan 1997 description

This conference report examines the impact of displacement on vulnerability to HIV and the effect of HIV infection on situations of displacement, as well as discusses what NGOs can and should do immediately post-emergency and at later stages of displacement.

Attended by more than 90 people from 16 countries from NGOs, UN, governments and universities, the seminar sought to share experiences between NGOs and other international and governmental organizations and raise awareness of the connections between HIV and displacement.