Most read reports
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RESOLUTION ADOPTED BY THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY
(...) 13. Requests the Secretary-General to further develop Reliefweb as the global humanitarian information system for the dissemination of reliable and timely information on emergencies and natural disasters, and encourages all Governments, the United Nations agencies, funds and programmes and other relevant organizations, including non-governmental organizations, to support Reliefweb and actively participate in the Reliefweb information exchange, through the Department of Humanitarian Affairs;
The recent assassinations of six ICRC workers
in Chechnya, and three Medicos Mundi workers in Rwanda has brought
home the dangers involved in working in conflict situations. This issue
discusses the need for policy regarding the provisions of insurance for
overseas workers. This article is followed by a look at security guidelines
and highlights that there is no guarantee for security improvements for
aid workers. A monitoring and evolution flow up piece on Rwanda can also
be found here.
Exploring basic moral and legal framework of
human rights, this papers looks at issues of responsibility, protection
and enforcement in the light of international legal obligations. Relating
this to the work of humanitarian agencies in their attempts to provide
assistance and protection to communities affected by conflict and other
disasters, its main chapters explore:
- Different traditions: human rights and humanitarianism
- Moral and legal rights
- Human rights in law
- Responsibility for protection and enforcement
- Human rights in armed conflict
Focusing on the special needs of unaccompanied
children seeking asylum, this document provides recommendations for government
bodies, specialized agencies and individuals in delivering an effective
continuum of care and protection.
Highlighting the importance of a comprehensive approach, the document seeks to promote awareness of special needs of unaccompanied children and the rights reflected in the Convention on the Rights of the Child as well as stimulate discussions on how to develop principles and practices to ensure these needs are met.
This report reviews reductions in armed forces and opposition forces of Central American countries and the context of each demobilization experience. A brief background of the Central American peace process and the resolution of conflicts in Nicaragua and El Salvador will illustrate how a trend toward demilitarization in the region developed and established a sense of regional security -though at times unstable- essential to successful demobilization and reintegration experiences.
The disaster descriptions in this report cover the period of the USG's fiscal year, October 1, 1995, through September 30, 1996. During FY 1996, BHR/OFDA responded to 65 new declared disasters. Many of the disasters in FY 1996 required a complex mix of USG financial and staff resources.
This manual provides information to Vector Control
Personnel for their immediate use during crisis situations in refugee camps.
For this purpose, it deals with the following issues:
- Problem arthropods of the area
- Biological influences on the choice and effectiveness of control methods
- Vector-borne diseases of the area
- Basic control methods and equipment
- Pesticide safety and toxicity
This report considers the broad range of factors
increasing children's vulnerability to malnutrition brought about by armed
conflicts. Case studies examine the impact of armed conflict on food and
nutrition in Somalia, flight and loss of property in Liberia and using
food aid in the Sudan. In addition, topics discussed include:
- Insufficient household food security
- Coping during conflict
- Insufficient health services and unhealthy environment
- Impaired caring capacities
- Response mechanisms
With mass population displacements becoming both an objective and a tactic of war, this book provides a topical and detailed examination of the problem of forced displacement, focusing on the different groups of people who are protected and assisted by the organization. It contains the following chapters:
- Safeguarding human security
- Defending refugee rights
- Internal conflict and displacement
- Return and reintegration
- Asylum dilemma
- Gender analysis in practice
- What is gender difference
- Gender, politics and security
- Men and women in the battlefield
Intending to assist States Parties in monitoring
and implementing international human rights standards, this manual provides
a practical tool for government officials in the preparation and submission
of reports required under UN international human rights treaties.
The Manual places the reporting process within the framework of both domestic policy-making and a government's international accountability on human rights issues.
Examining UN supported mine action programmes
in Afghanistan, Angola, Cambodia and Mozambique, this report aims to identify
lessons learned with respect to the most effective means of addressing
humanitarian implications of landmines. For this purpose, the following
issues are examined:
- Mine warfare: Implications for civilians and mine action programmes
- UN focal point support for mine action programmes
- Mine action activities and peace-keeping missions
- Building indigenous institutional capabilities
- Assessment and preliminary plan
This report examines the role of the media and its potential in helping prevent and moderate social violence. For this purpose, it develops a typology of potential roles of the media, drawing on conflict management theories, negotiating theory, and other approaches to the prevention and management of conflict at the international and sub-state level.
The paper aims to contribute to the establishment of a clear, systematic sense of what media-based initiatives would be possible and appropriate to undertake in particular conflict situations.
This handbook aims to support journalists who
report stories with human rights or humanitarian components and who must
work fast, seek accuracy, keep their costs low, and work all or much of
the time without Email or Internet access. It includes chapters on the
- International human rights law
- International humanitarian law
- Disasters and war
- Migrants and refugees
- Minorities and indigenous/tribal peoples
- Women and children
The handbook was written in collaboration with several legal experts and professional journalists.
Aiming to improve operational efficiency to save lives and resources and lay the groundwork for faster regional recuperation and reconstruction, this conference report examines information sharing and communications systems linking humanitarian and military actors.
In addition to drawing lessons from practices among humanitarian and peacekeeping organisations in complex emergency operations in Somalia, Rwanda, and Liberia, it also discusses the following issues:
- Current field communications practices
- Improving practices through new technologies
In the context of concerns regarding lack of
proper reporting to Member States on the use of funds devoted to humanitarian
assistance activities, this report examines the principles governing the
financial control between the organisations of the UN system and their
Issues considered include the selection methods and criteria of implementing partners; legal, administrative and financial procedures; controlling mechanisms; and reporting procedures.
This conference report examines the impact of
displacement on vulnerability to HIV and the effect of HIV infection on
situations of displacement, as well as discusses what NGOs can and should
do immediately post-emergency and at later stages of displacement.
Attended by more than 90 people from 16 countries from NGOs, UN, governments and universities, the seminar sought to share experiences between NGOs and other international and governmental organizations and raise awareness of the connections between HIV and displacement.