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01 Mar 2006 description

The Interagency Working Group (IWG) on Emergency Capacity is a consortium of seven NGOs undertaking a collaborative capacity-building effort. The IWG principals commissioned a Report on Emergency Capacity, which was published in July 2004. The Report's findings led to the creation of the Emergency Capacity Building (ECB) Project, composed of four initiatives to improve the effectiveness of member agency work in the field. The fourth initiative (the ECB ITR Initiative) deals with Information and Technology Requirements (ITR) in emergency response.

01 Mar 2006 description

The Observatory's 2005 Annual Report contains an analysis of the situation of human rights defenders in each region of the world. The report describes the cases of 1,172 defenders, and obstacles to freedom of association in about 90 countries. It also analyzes the trends of repression aimed at defenders, and strategies used by a certain number of protagonists, beginning with States, to punish them for their actions.

01 Mar 2006 description

The devastating tsunami that hit Sri Lanka on 26 December 2004 killed over 35,000 people, making it the worst natural disaster in the country's recorded history. Over 200,000 people were estimated to have lost their livelihoods, half of them in the fishing sector. It has been estimated that around 75% of the fishing fleet was destroyed. The agricultural sector lost 3,449 acres of cultivated land due to seawater intrusion. Hotels, guesthouses and tourism businesses were all damaged (GOSL, 2005). The value of the physical assets lost has been estimated at $900 million.

01 Mar 2006 description
report ALNAP

This guide was developed after discussions concerning how to strengthen evaluation of humanitarian practice, and how to foster more effective use of the Development Assistance Committee (DAC) evaluation criteria. The DAC evaluation criteria are currently at the heart of the evaluation of humanitarian action (EHA) - including within evaluations themselves and as part of agency guidance. However, several criteria are not well understood; their use is often mechanistic, and excludes more creative evaluation processes.

01 Mar 2006 description

This paper clarifies what information should be given to beneficiaries of relief aid, the rationale, mechanisms for providing the information and who should provide it. The paper also takes into account the difficulties in accessing information faced by rural women by suggesting appropriate mechanisms of information delivery to rural women.

Contents
- Introduction
- Objective
- Rationale
- Type of Information
- Mechanisms for sharing information
- Information flow: Who should provide the information
- Coordination
- Monitoring

01 Mar 2006 description
report Save the Children

The purpose of this guide is to describe how to design and carry out a social mobilization program to create demand and increase participation during immunization campaigns and routine immunizations, and thereby improve the health of

01 Mar 2006 description
report Concord

European governments provide over half of the world's development aid and in 2005 they pledged further increases to aid levels in order to help fight world poverty

This report shows that nearly one third, of reported European aid in 2005 did not provide any new aid resources for developing countries. This vast amount of apparent aid spending was in fact money for debt cancellation and for refugees and students costs in donor countries.

01 Mar 2006 description

The whole of France responded to the Tsunami crisis: NGOs, local and national authorities, local departments for international development, local water boards, private companies, schools, etc. After several days of indecision when the response was characterised by dispersed and uncoordinated individual initiatives, except for the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs, an interdepartmental state delegation was set up in mid-January, the Interdepartmental Post-Tsunami Delegation (DIPT2), which became the Post Tsunami Coordination (CPT3) in July 2005.

01 Mar 2006 description

This annual report for the year 2005 considers humanitarian crises worldwide. In addition to examining key events, its special features focus on the life of victims after the Indian Ocean tsunami and the South Asia earthquake. Other features include:

- ECHO at work: in brief, global reach, facts and figures
- People: Myanmar and Colombia
- Crises zones: Palestinian Territories, Niger and Northern Caucasus

01 Mar 2006 description

This supplement aims to collate and analyse recent experiences of livelihoods programming in
emergencies. The document provides guidance on livelihoods programming, includes practical
examples from the field and summarises recent thinking. It provides an overview of what livelihoods programming is and examples of the range of interventions that are possible in emergencies. Different types of livelihoods programmes are then described in more detail with an analysis of when these

01 Mar 2006 description

This white paper surveys the legal issues, analyzes current sanctions committee practices, and recommends proposals to strengthen UN targeted sanctions procedures. Section Two examines legal aspects of the issue, with a survey of broad principles, recent legal challenges, and their implications. Section Three describes current procedures and practices in six different sanctions committees. Section Four presents specific recommendations and a range of options for responding to criticisms of current practices and for ensuring fair and clear procedures in implementing UN targeted sanctions.

01 Mar 2006 description

The Interagency Working Group (IWG) on Emergency Capacity is a consortium of seven NGOs undertaking a collaborative capacity-building effort. The IWG principals commissioned a Report on Emergency Capacity, which was published in July 2004.1 The Report's findings led to the creation of the Emergency Capacity Building (ECB) Project, composed of four initiatives to improve the effectiveness of member agency work in the field. The fourth initiative (the ECB ITR Initiative) deals with Information and Technology Requirements (ITR) in emergency response.

01 Mar 2006 description

Geospatial technology is becoming a critical component in disaster planning, response, recovery and mitigation. This report focuses on the state of Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) for geospatial analysis, their level of maturity, completeness and necessary functionality for providing essential support for disaster management. The context for this analysis is provided by reviewing how geospatial technologies have been used in two recent major disasters, the Tsunami in Southeast Asia and the earthquake in the Kashmir region of Pakistan and India.

01 Mar 2006 description

Sri Lanka had never before experienced a disaster of the magnitude of the Indian Ocean tsunami of December 2004. Over 35,000 people were killed, 516,000 displaced. Some $900 million-worth of assets were destroyed, and around 200,000 people lost their livelihoods. About 75% of the fishing fleet was destroyed, and 23,449 acres of agricultural land salinated.

01 Mar 2006 description

This study is an independent review but one that the organization, Development Promotion Group (DPG), a Chennai based NGO network, had indirectly spawned. DPG had commissioned Rajan Alexander, the author of this report, to help them formulate thier Livelihood Strategy in the Tsunami Response. During the exercise, they ended up struggling to identify the big picture for alignment of their micro-livelihood strategies. They then posed the key strategic question - What would a Built Back Better Nagapattinam look like?

01 Mar 2006 description

In many ways, mine action management is as much about information as it is about landmines. In seeking to obtain the necessary information to plan and manage programmes effectively, mine action has seen a considerable number of surveys carried out. This study aimes to define and clarify the role of survey in mine action.

01 Mar 2006 description

This document is intended to assist governments, mine action professionals and others to develop national legislation to coordinate and regulate "mine action" in a country affected by landmines and/or explosive remnants of war (ERW). It identifies the principal elements to be included in such a law and the issues which should be considered in its preparation.

01 Mar 2006 description
report Article 19

Freedom of expression, including access to information is a fundamental human right. The full enjoyment of this right is the most potent force for the strengthening of peace and the preemption of conflict. It is central to achieving individual freedoms and to developing democracy and it plays a critical role in tackling the underlying causes of poverty. Once freedom of expression is lost, all other freedoms fall.

01 Mar 2006 description
report ALNAP

El objetivo de esta guía es el de proporcionar un apoyo práctico respecto a cómo utilizar los criterios del CAD en EAH. Para no desviarse, la guía no incluye demasiados detalles sobre cuestiones más amplias como la gestión de las evaluaciones, la selección de metodologías o las diferentes maneras de abordar las evaluaciones. De hecho, la guía no pretende aportar detalles exhaustivos sobre los criterios del CAD, sino más bien proporcionar una introducción al lector, para que este pueda seguir adelante en función de sus necesidades.

01 Mar 2006 description

This study addresses the issue of how disputes and justice matters are resolved in the context of refugee camps, with the ultimate aim of contributing towards a better understanding of this topic and better strategies for a more equitable administration of justice, particularly in light of ongoing problems of sexual and gender-based violence.