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22 May 1998 description

Several Latin American National Societies have recently signed the so-called Lima Declaration committing them to stop using the widely-used term of El Niño or La Niña Phenomenon and replace it by the Pacific Phenomenon. El Niño and La Niña mean the child in Spanish. Since the term became so popular over the past year reactions of confusion have been observed among children in Latin America because they are being referred to as the cause of deaths and catastrophes.

01 May 1998 description
report United Nations

This document addresses the issues involved in mission experiences, ranging from organisational matters to complex emotional problems. For this purpose, it provides information on the following issues:

- Mission readiness
- Stress management
- Special stresses of mission assignment
- Post-deployment: Coming home

Aiming to be of use to all staff preparing for assignment, the paper was primarily designed for use in conjunction with a Mission Readiness seminar.

01 May 1998 description

This thesaurus and glossary offers definitions of terms and concepts used in conflict analysis, early warning and conflict prevention, presenting the most comprehensive and succinct definitions for each term. Its aims to:

- Indicate the preferred terms when listing more than one definition
- Illustrate some concepts and terms with empirical data
- Occasionally offer a definition where none or no adequate one could be found
- Offer more specific explanations for some words

01 May 1998 description

This article features contributions on the permanent International Criminal Court. A diplomatic conference being held in Rome between 15 June and 17 July could result in a convention to establish a permanent International Criminal Court. Its effectiveness will depend on the mandate, powers and resources conferred upon it and on the cooperation of participating States.

01 May 1998 description

This study considers the UN's strategic humanitarian coordination in the Great Lakes Region from September 1996 to August 1997. It aims to identify lessons for strategic humanitarian activities, as well as provide a series of recommendations for future action. Its three main areas of focus are:

- External factors: Questions of responsibility
- The UN in the Great Lakes Region: Performance of the coordination arrangements
- Strategic humanitarian coordination mechanisms

01 Apr 1998 description

This paper considers the effectiveness of U.S. military interaction with humanitarian assistance organisations, obstacles to their interaction and possible ways of improving these relationships.

The paper is based on a literature review conducted to examine recent U.S. military interaction with humanitarian assistance organisations in regional conflicts in northern Iraq, Haiti and Bosnia, as well as draws on the author's personal experience.

01 Apr 1998 description

Forced Migration Review provides a forum for the regular exchange of practical experience, information and ideas between researchers, refugees and internally displaced people, and those who work with them. It is published three times a year in English, Spanish and Arabic by Refugee Studies Center/ University of Oxford in association with the Global IDP Project/ Norwegian Refugee Council.

The first issue carries a special feature on IDPs.


- Forced migration within national borders: the IDP agenda, by Jon Bennett

01 Apr 1998 description
Offering a synthesis of ideas regarding international responses to humanitarian tragedies, this paper examines the new relief 'agenda' emerging in response to the claim that at best relief aid does not contribute to solutions and at worst may fuel conflict.

Suggesting that the shortcomings of current responses to crisis by the international community stem from a failure to recognise key features of the new environment in which aid is delivered, it provides the following chapters:  

- Uncovering the assault on humanitarian values
- Origins of the assault on relief

26 Mar 1998 description

ROME -- The threat that El Niño would cause drought in Southern Africa appears to be receding, but cereal production for 1997-98 probably will be down at least 8 percent from the previous year, UN food agencies said today.

01 Mar 1998 description

This document brings together key issues concerning women and gender in conflicted-affected countries and sets out guidelines for dealing with them within employment promotion and skills training in such contexts.

01 Mar 1998 description

This publication aims at providing decision-makers with a range of options to consider for reducing losses associated with flooding. To this purpose, the following issues are discussed:

- Socio-Economic Aspects of Water-Related Disaster Response
- Key Elements of Flood Disaster Management
- Integrated Flood Forecasting, Warning and Response System
- Establishing an Integrated System.

02 Feb 1998 description

See: http://www.adpc.ait.ac.th/learning/elnino/elnino.html for more information

Key Objectives of the Meeting & Media Workshop:

Share the latest scientific information on current El-Nino (ENSO) event and related climatology forecasts (May 1997-May 1998) for Asia and the Pacific regions and their ongoing and expected impacts.

01 Feb 1998 description

This study examines the coordination of humanitarian assistance by OCHA in Angola in the period 1993-1996, aiming to identify lessons applicable to future conflict and post-conflict situations. Issues discussed include:

- Relevant Angolan history and UN involvement
- The coordination of humanitarian assistance
- Demobilization and reintegration
- Management and administration of the coordinating body
- Transition from coordination during conflict to coordination during post-conflict periods

01 Feb 1998 description
report UN Children's Fund

Aiming to identify ways of enhancing international responses in unstable situations, this study examines the concepts and programming strategies of UNICEF in transitional situations. For this purpose, it examines the following issues:

- Transition debates in context
- UNICEF in transition: Policy framework and institutional culture
- Transition in practice
- Issues and implications

01 Feb 1998 description

Presenting available information about reproductive health (RH) among displaced populations, this paper examines the policies of a number of actors as well as explores current programmes and issues facing those attempting to implement them. For this purpose, it looks at the following issues:

- What do we know about the RH status of displaced populations?
- Existing and proposed policies on RH for displaced populations
- Case studies of current RH services
- Issues affecting implementation of RH services

01 Feb 1998 description

Humanitarianism is increasingly under threat. This was the conclusion of two recent meetings held in London (February 1998), which will form the backdrop to a forthcoming RRN Network Paper (no. 25), due out in May 1998, and Paris (October 1997), reported by Action Contre la Faim, France, in this Newsletter.

This issue focuses on humanitarianism and includes contributions on the role of humanitarianism in Sierra Leone, lessons learned in Angola on conflict resolution, challenges faced working in the field and perspectives on emergency personnel recruitment.

01 Feb 1998 description
This manual compiles the relevant rules and principles of International Humanitarian Law and International Human Rights Law relevant to professional law enforcement practice in situations ranging from peace to international armed conflict.
30 Jan 1998 description
By Stephanie Nebehay

GENEVA (Reuters) - The El Nino weather phenomenon that has brought heavy rains and flooding to some parts of the world and drought to others is likely to weaken after May, the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) said Friday.

Most climate models foresee conditions beginning to return to normal, but some show El Nino may be followed by a cold
weather event known as La Nina, which would bring abnormal cold to the eastern Equatorial Pacific beginning from July to
September, the WMO said in a report.
28 Jan 1998 description
The South Pacific Regional Environment Program says some Pacific nations will be hit by destructive cyclones more often.

Cyclone risk increases during El Nino weather patterns, and the Program says new scientific studies show those patterns are becoming more frequent.

The studies were conducted by New Zealand's National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research and the United States National Centre for Atmospheric Research.