Most read reports
- UNHCR and IOM appeal to European leaders to tackle Mediterranean deaths
- Food costs should cause “shock and outrage” as countries in conflict see spiralling prices
- Climate change and poverty in Africa
- The State of Food and Agriculture 2018 - Migration, Agriculture and Rural Development
- 2018 Global Hunger Index: Forced Migration and Hunger
Given the character of post-cold-war refugee situations, including complex humanitarian crises, the repatriation of persons who have had their asylum application examined in a fair procedure and have been rejected or who are no longer in need of international protection acquires new dimensions. Returning home may not only fulfill the aspirations of those once forced to flee, but also generally constitutes a positive outcome of an abnormal situation caused by involuntary displacement.
On the basis of the archives of the International Committee of the Red Cross, Isabelle Vonèche Cardia analyses the action taken by the humanitarian organization during the events in Hungary in 1956 and subsequently into the 1960s.
The above image shows differences from long-term average (1982-1999) of the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) for Africa, December 1999. NDVI is simply a measure of vegetation "greenness". This data is used to asses levels of vegetation stress or vigor (productivity). Areas color coded as green show above normal NDVI levels, yellow - near ormal/normal or no change, browns and reds shows below normal NDVI (drought). For December 1999, areas in N.W.
This document seeks to provide a coherent framework
of general principles and practical guidelines for effective planning,
management, implementation and monitoring of disarmament, demobilization
and reintegration in a peacekeeping environment.
It sets out guiding principles drawn from lessons learned and provides practical guidelines and procedures on how to plan, implement, monitor and coordinate the phases and components of a voluntary disarmament, demobilization and reintegration process.
The arrest of Augusto Pinochet in the United
Kingdom has focused attention on a little used provision of international
law - the universal jurisdiction rule. This rule allows the prosecution
of those responsible for war crimes or crimes against humanity in the courts
of any country, regardless of where or when the crimes were committed and
the nationality of the victims or the accused. If applied effectively and
fairly, the universal jurisdiction rule could be an extremely important
tool for combating the most serious human rights abuses.
In the form of seven questions a presentation
of international humanitarian law and a general overview of what parliamentarians
can do to ensure respect for it. To apply international humanitarian law,
parliamentarians first have to understand it and the importance of compliance
In seven sections the measures to be taken to respect and ensure respect for international humanitarian law. Each measure is presented following the same outline:
Notions of individual duties and responsibilities
have recently attracted increasing attention. Calls have been made for
a "global ethic" that would set minimum standards to guide human behaviour.
Though ndividual duties and human rights are closely related, it
is sometimes argued that an unbalanced focus on human rights needs to be
This short publication aims to contribute to this debate by collating and organising in a readable way the various references to notions of individual duties and responsibilities in international human rights standards.
Outlining some of the challenges of expanding
the space for peace and the strategies to achieve such a goal, this article
points to a way to conceptualize peace and analyze the role of the international
community in resolving civil wars. For this purpose, it looks at the following:
- What is peace?
- UN Peacebuilding: An evolving concept
- Links between peacemaking, peacekeeping, and peacebuilding
- Strategic peacebuilding
- Maximizing the space for peace
- Conclusion: Persistent challenges of implementation
This document examines the imposition of economic
sanctions in the context of the increasing frequency with which the international
community has resorted to them as well as their humanitarian consequences.
For this purpose, it examines the legal framework within which sanctions may be imposed, legal limitations on their imposition and policy reasons for calling for limitations on the Security Council's exercise of its power to impose sanctions.
Forced Migration Review provides a forum
for the regular exchange of practical experience, information and ideas
between researchers, refugees and internally displaced people, and those
who work with them. It is published three times a year in English, Spanish
and Arabic by Refugee Studies Center/ University of Oxford in association
with the Global IDP Project/ Norwegian Refugee Council.
Issue 6 includes a feature section on the art and culture of displaced communities.
- Introduction: culture in exile
En este manual se presenta información
de una manera sencilla para organizarnos y convivir más agradablemente.
Sobre todo nos da recomendaciones importantes que debemos respetar y cumplir
para evitar enfermedades, accidentes y riesgos de morir. Su contenido nos
orienta al bienestar de nuestras ninas
y ninos que son quienes más expuestos están a sufrir enfermedades.
No es fácil la vida para tantas personas reunidades en un solo lugar, por lo tanto tenemos esforzarnos para lograr una convivencia tranquila y satisfactoria.
This paper outlines the policy of the Inter
Agency Standing Committee of the United Nations on the protection of internally
displaced persons (IDPs). Aiming to develop a joint policy of the UN humanitarian
agencies as well as to broadly outline major elements of the field of protection
in internal displacement situations, it examines the following issues:
- Nature of protection for Internally Displaced Persons
- Strategic areas for protection
- Responsibilities for action
- Process for implementing the Collaborative Approach
The annual report on the lives of children world-wide
examines the progress made over the last decade in meeting the goals established
at the 1990 World Summit for Children. It includes the following
- Call to leadership by governments, UN agencies, civil society and private sector
- Obstacles: HIV/AIDS, armed conflict and violence, poverty and gender discrimination
- Early childhood care, quality education, participation and development for adolescents
- Individuals distinguished by their work on behalf of children
Los servicios como el abastecimiento de
agua y el alcantarillado son vulnerables a los desastres; las instalaciones
se pueden dañar, las tuberías se pueden romper y las operaciones se pueden
interrumpir por cortes de energía eléctrica. Después de los desastres,
el agua se convierte en el bien más importante para la población afectada
y la escasez o contaminación de este recurso puede tener consecuencias
muy graves sobre la salud pública.
GA/EF/2889 - 19991108
Speakers In Debate On Disaster-Reduction Decade Stress ‘Indissoluble’ Link of Prevention, Sustainable Development
It was wrong to believe that natural disasters were single physical events with catastrophic consequences; they were as much societal as physical events, the Director of the Disaster Reduction Division of the Department of Humanitarian Affairs told the Second Committee (Economic and Financial) this morning as it considered the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR).
These Tropical Storm Tracks are charts and projections
of severe storm and hurricane/typhoon movement in the Atlantic, Pacific,
and Indian Ocean areas. They are updated every three hours at approximately
00:45, 03:45, 06:45, 09:45, 12:45, 15:45, 18:45, and 21:45 GMT* (02:45,
05:45, 08:45, 11:45, 14:45, 17:45, 20:45, and 23:45 HST).
All plotted times are GMT.
Describing a number of activities that can be
undertaken in situations of international displacement so as to strengthen
the link between assistance and protection activities, this manual aims
to support efforts by governments and agencies to implement the Guiding
Principles on Internal Displacement.
Sub-Saharan Africa, the epicenter of the AIDS pandemic, is threatened by such reversals of long-term development efforts as sharply reduced life expectancy and increased infant mortality rates. More than 80% of AIDS deaths have occurred in Africa since the pandemic began, threatening the survival of already impoverished households.
This paper reviews the impact of trade embargoes
on health, health services and food security, drawing on data available
from Cuba, Haiti and Iraq. It reviews:
- Political motivations of increased use of sanctions in the 1990s
- Current impact measurement attempts
- Weaknesses in the choice of indicators and the measurement methodology
This issue concentrates on Kosovo with
articles on the current situation, the challenges to coordination faced
by NGO's in this region, an evaluative study on the international response
to Kosovo and lessons learned from the disaster. Information on the impacts
of the disaster on Albania and post NATO Serbia can also be found here.