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En América Latina y el Caribe los efectos de los desastres naturales provocan con frecuencia severos daños en estos sistemas, con grandes pérdidas económicas y alteraciones graves en la calidad de los servicios.
The Ottawa treaty is part of the international response to the humanitarian crisis caused by the global proliferation of anti-personnel mines. Millions of these deadly weapons are already contaminating more than 70 countries, creating one of the most serious man-made problems of our time. Their longterm impact upon individuals, communities, and entire societies is startling.
WFP, like most United Nations agencies, has a primary mandate to work with governments. However, since its inception, provision for working with non-governmental organizations (NGOs) has been included in the "Basic Documents of the Programme." There has been a major increase in partnerships with NGOs in recent years-in part as a consequence of the rise in emergency situations-necessitating that WFP find flexible partners with logistics and funding capacity.
With regard to UN efforts to minimise the humanitarian
impact of sanctions, this paper reviews the need for new institutional
arrangements in the elaboration and implementation of sanctions regimes.
For this purpose, the following issues are examined:
- OCHA as intermediary between humanitarian organisations and sanctions authorities
- Institutional arrangements to process information on humanitarian impact of sanctions
- Measures to facilitate the provision of humanitarian relief under sanctions regimes
Forced Migration Review provides a forum
for the regular exchange of practical experience, information and ideas
between researchers, refugees and internally displaced people, and those
who work with them. It is published three times a year in English, Spanish
and Arabic by Refugee Studies Center/ University of Oxford in association
with the Global IDP Project/ Norwegian Refugee Council.
What can we do to support children who have been through war?, by Anika Mikus Kos and Sanja Derviskadic-Jovanovic
Press Release 98/69
Geneva - Tuesday 17 November 98 - The First Intergovernmental Meeting of experts to review the 1997-98 El Niño event, called for by the United Nations' General Assembly, within the framework of the International Decade for International Disasters Reduction (IDNDR), was held in Quayaquil, Ecuador from 9-13 November 1998. Hosted by the Government of Ecuador and co-sponsored by member agencies of the UN Task Force on El Niño and the Permanent Commission for the South Pacific, the meeting was attended by more than 450 delegates from all over the world.
Geneva, Monday 2 Nov. 1998 - Declining sea-surface temperatures in the tropical Pacific is expected to intensify the "La Niña" extreme weather phenomenon through the end of the year, according to "El Niño Update", a bulletin issued by the World Meteorological Organisation (WMO) in Geneva today. The bulletin indicated that the developing La Nina condition is consistent with the enhanced hurricane activities in the Atlantic. For the first time this century, on 24 September, four Atlantic hurricanes and eight named storms were active at the same time.
This Guidance aims to assist UN country teams
in the development of common "UN Ground Rules", based on agreed
principles, for UN activities in countries in crisis or emerging from conflict.
This Guidance has four linked objectives:
- Develop common Ground Rules for UN activities in specific countries
- Facilitate negotiations with national and local authorities
- Facilitate the joint development of strategic plans in the field
- Reconcile differences between UN agencies on mandate and principle
This issue features articles on the rights and roles of children during and post violent conflict with specific attention being paid to former child soldiers in Liberia and the struggles they face to find an identity. The monitoring of children's rights in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina is also covered in this issue where a general review shows economically, socially and politically there is a lack of administrative bodies that can deal with child related issues. This section is completed with an article on the integration of human rights in all sectors of field work.
Aiming to increase awareness of gender dimensions
in policies towards the internally displaced, this paper examines the main
issues and rights concerning displaced women and girls. For this purpose,
it analyses the following issues:
- Gender approaches of different organisations
- Human rights applicable in the case of displaced women
- Analysis of the different roles of UN agencies and non- governmental organizations
- Annex: Annotated bibliography and the Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement
Aiming to contribute to the debate around possible
criteria and the need for conceptual frameworks for assessing peace building
interventions, this synthesis report is concerned with the content of peace
building interventions by humanitarian agencies and the methodologies employed
to evaluate them.
For this purpose, the report pulls together 15 country case studies concerning third party humanitarian agencies and conflict resolution/transformation organisations.
This report aims to contribute to a "rethinking
of aid" that the international community is engaged in. For this purpose,
it provides the following chapters:
- Money matters-In a good policy environment
- Aid can be the midwife of good policies
- Money matters - In a good institutional environment
- Aid can be the midwife of good institutions
- Money, but more ideas, too
This report evaluates the follow-up to the conference
in 1998 on the UN Study on the Impact of Armed Conflict on Children of
August 1996. The following issues are discusses for this purpose:
- Children in captivity
- Importance of the Convention of the Rights of the Child (1989)
- Addressing the causes of armed conflict
- Relevance of international agencies in the field
In addition to the follow-up to the study, the report provides recommendations for future action for all actors concerned, including governments, NGOs and UN agencies.
This document reports on the outcome of a seminar
on issues relating to the functions, nature and direction of the humanitarian
endeavour in the post Cold War world. Aspects considered include:
- Key issues raised in evaluations of strategic coordination of humanitarian activities
- Policy and operational implications for future international humanitarian response
- Adjustment to lessons learned in crisis settings by the humanitarian community
- Further actions to be undertaken regarding the issues examined
While the consequences of the strong 1997/98 El Niño event are still being felt, FAO's activities must now bear in mind the consequences of La Niña. The El Niño phenomenon refers to an abnormal warning of sea-surface temperatures in the Pacific Ocean, while the term La Niña refers to unusual cooling of the surface temperature in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean, with warmer than usual temperatures in the western Pacific. The El Niño and La Niña phenomena have implications for climate in both hemispheres.
Press Release GA/EF/2831
Washington, October 7, 1998 - From El Niño-related disaster mitigation to forest conservation in China, the World Bank maintained its strong support for environmentally sustainable development in fiscal 1998, according to the World Bank's annual review of its environmental work, released today.
This guide contains the text of the Universal
Declaration of Human Rights and the seven basic international human rights
instruments requiring monitoring by international supervisory bodies, as
well as the text of the two Optional Protocols of the International Covenant
on Civil and Political Rights.
In addition, it provides a Chart of Ratification of basic human rights instruments as at 1st June 1995, as well as a synoptical table on related articles in major human rights instruments.