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29 Dec 1997 description


Southern Africa Regional Climate Outlook Forum Update

18 Dec 1997 description
report Voice of America

DATE=12/18/97
TYPE=CORRESPONDENT REPORT
NUMBER=2-224297
TITLE=U-N / EL NINO (L ONLY)
BYLINE=LISA SCHLEIN
DATELINE=GENEVA
CONTENT=
VOICED AT:

INTRO: THE UNITED NATIONS IS SETTING UP AN INTER-AGENCY TASK FORCE TO HELP GOVERNMENTS DEAL WITH THE EFFECTS OF THE WEATHER PHENOMENOM KNOWN AS EL NINO. LISA SCHLEIN IN GENEVA REPORTS MANY COUNTRIES THIS YEAR HAVE SUFFERED FROM DEVASTATING DROUGHT AND

18 Dec 1997 description

The United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution this month calling on UNDP and other UN agencies to "contribute ... to a comprehensive approach and study of El Niño" The resolution urges the Secretary-General to promote the creation of an international "cooperation mechanism" to prevent, mitigate and rehabilitate damages caused by the El Niño phenomenon. The mechanism would include several dimensions, such as advocacy and early warning measures.

17 Dec 1997 description


Following the establishment of the Inter-Agency Task Force on El Niño on 18 November 1997, within the Framework of the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR 1990-2000), a consolidated press kit was published by the IDNDR Secretariat in Geneva.

17 Dec 1997 description

Informations générales sur le dossier de presse du groupe de travail inter-agences des Nations Unies sur El Niño

17 Dec 1997 description

Activities related to El Niño underway at the United Nations Department of Humanitarian Affairs (DHA) include:


  • DHA has launched an Inter-Agency Task Fore on E Niño. It is convened by the Secretariat of the International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR, 1990-2000) to provide a forum for inter-agency exchange and examine the possibility for a comprehensive disaster reduction strategy within the UN system and related international organizations regarding the El Niño phenomenon.
17 Dec 1997 description

Introduction

WMO has produced this El Niño Update in order to ensure that the most effective and accurate information is made available. It is a summary of: (i) our knowledge of the El Niño phenomenon, (ii) its associated impacts on a global scale, and (iii) forecast information for the coming months. This Update is compiled from a variety of scientific sources (see References) and is intended to address the questions and concerns of an audience that ranges from the general public to the policy maker.

PART I: BACKGROUND INFORMATION ABOUT EL NIÑO

17 Dec 1997 description
Asian Regional Meeting on
"El Niño Related Crises"
followed by
Workshop on the Role of Media in Accurate
Reporting of the "El Niño Event"



Venue: Bangkok, Thailand
Dates: February 2-6, 1998

Sponsor: Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (OFDA)

Organizers: Asian Disaster Preparedness Center (ADPC), ThailandADPC is an IDNDR focal point for Asia and the Pacific
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), USA


Key Objectives of the Meeting & Media Workshop
17 Dec 1997 description

What is El Niño


El Niño is a periodic disruption of normal oceanic circulation in the Eastern Pacific, especially off the coast of Ecuador and Peru, which has the global potential for causing disasters through inducing changes to normal weather patterns, causing wide-spread flooding and/or drought conditions.

The term El Niño (Boy Child) is derived from Peruvian fishermen who have long recognized this cyclic phenomenon.

UNDP's responses will include:
17 Dec 1997 description

The El Niño event is part of a climatic phenomenon known as the El-Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) which strongly affects tropical and mid latitude countries such as Peru, Colombia, Brazil, the central American states, Mexico, the southern USA, tropical Pacific Islands, New Guinea, northern Australia, the whole of southeast Asia, much of southern Africa (especially Zambia and South Africa), and parts of India.

17 Dec 1997 description

El Niño is a major threat for poor people in need of food. Drought means less crops, less food and danger of famine. In order to respond to the worsening ecological threat posed by El Nina Niño, WFP has already taken a series of measures to avoid a humanitarian tragedy. During the last El Nina in 1992-1993, thanks to tremendous efforts we were able to avoid a major catastrophe.

17 Dec 1997 description

International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (IDNDR)
This background information on El Niño is drawn from recent contributions to an IDNDR Internet Conference (September-October 1997) on "Floods, Drought: Issues for the 21st Century." They include two short articles reprinted from the conference which provide basic information about El Niño by a university professor from the National Centre for Atmospheric Research in the US, and by a British journalist from The Economist.

El Niño Comes... Or Does It?

Dr. Michael Glantz

17 Dec 1997 description

Recent reports of the links between El Niño and a range of impacts on health have underscored the sensitivity of several human diseases to climatic factors. These findings have contributed to increased attention paid to human health issues by policy-makers assembled in Kyoto, Japan this December for the high-level segments of the third Conference of Parties for the United Nations Convention on Climate Change.


17 Dec 1997 description
report World Bank

The World Bank has several activities around the world related to El Niño. This note summarize the likely impact of the ongoing El Niño event in Southern Africa, highlights the steps being taken by the countries likely to be most affected, together with the response of the international community, and outlines the activities of the World Bank in helping to prepare for the probability of drought in the region.


17 Dec 1997 description

The United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), together with the World Meteorological Oranization (WMO) participated in the Thirtieth Session of the Typhoon Committee held in Hong Kong, China, 25 November - 1 December 1997. The Committee had a lengthy discussion on the subject of El Niño and the relevant part of the session report is attached.


17 Dec 1997 description

Studies of the isotopic composition of past and present precipitation form an important area of hydro climatology. The results of analyses of deep ice cores, along with palaeoenvironmental records derived from ground water, lake deposits and organic matter, have confirmed that it is possible to reconstruct the history of the Earth's climate.

17 Dec 1997 description

The United Nations University (UNU, Tokyo) is launching a multinational, multidisciplinary study of the social impacts of El Niño in the Pacific region.

El Niño affects many countries around the globe. UNU has chosen, as a first step, to look at the Pacific Rim countries as a region, since the equatorial Pacific is the "field of action" for El Niño.

17 Dec 1997 description

The El Niño event is part of a climatic phenomenon known as the El-Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) which strongly affects tropical and mid latitude countries such as Peru, Colombia, Brazil, the central American states, Mexico, the southern USA, tropical Pacific Islands, New Guinea, northern Australia, the whole of southeast Asia, much of southern Africa (especially Zambia and South Africa), and parts of India.

17 Dec 1997 description

International Decade for Natural Disaster reduction (IDNDR)



El Niño is back, and its impact threatens to be greater than ever before. Countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America are working to mitigate the impact of unusually severe floods, drought and fire associated with El Niño, and to predict and prepare for what lies ahead. The full extent of the El Niño phenomenon -- marked by unusually warm ocean currents in the centre and eastern parts of the Pacific ocean -- will not be clear until after Christmas, which is when an El Niño typically reaches its full force.
17 Dec 1997 description

BRASIL
La Defensa Civil Brasileña reporta que las inundaciones presentadas
se encuentran en fase de regresion, los niveles de los rios se
encuentran en descenso. Los estados afectados son Rio Grande, Santa
Catarina y Parana. La situacion no supera la capacidad de respuesta
del Pais. Fuente: Defensa Civil

PARAGUAY

Lluvias intensas han producido desbordamiento del rio Paraguay
causando inundaciones en la zona urbana de Asuncion y en Concepcion
situada en la zona norte del pais.

DANOS A LA POBLACION

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