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01 Dec 1996 description
This document examines the mandate, means, and different phases of UN involvement in peacekeeping operations.

Planning, co-ordination, information analysis are among the activities discussed, as well as the military's role, security, training of local police, human rights monitoring, logistics, and humanitarian relief. It also outlines the importance of effective public information, support of the local population and demobilization of armed forces.
01 Dec 1996 description

This paper considers means of effectively strengthening UN Agencies' capacities to assist affected communities to cope with crisis. Examining relationships between coping mechanisms and capacity building, with reference to links between relief and development, it addresses the following issues:

- Inventory of efforts to identify, utilize, strengthen and improve local capacities
- Potential contribution of inherent local capacities
- Practices and frameworks undermining local initiatives and traditional coping mechanisms

01 Dec 1996 description

Aiming to identify and examine aspects of command and control in contemporary military coalition operations, this report focuses on the issue of interagency and civilian-military coordination in humanitarian and peace operations.

The report explores the composition and traits of the NGO community and identifies positive and negative aspects of the interface between NGOs, U.S. Government agencies and the military in improving their working relationship.

01 Dec 1996 description

Upon completion of a procedure begun in 1989, a number of amendments to Annex I to Protocol I (Regulations concerning identification) were adopted on 30 November 1993 and came into force on March 1994.

The present volume contains the amended text of Annex I.

Resolutions 17, 18 and 19 of the 1974-77 Diplomatic Conference and the annexes thereto comprise or refer to Articles 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 of the original version of Annex I; these provisions are now Articles 4, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 respectively.

01 Nov 1996 description

As an introduction to the experiences of one particular type of monetisation, this paper sets out some of the basic tenets of the USA Title II monetisations.

Highlighting the need to ensure food aid does not have a disincentive effect as well as the need for the commodity at the national level to attract a food price that is sufficient to cover costs, the paper offers the following chapters:  

- Theory behind what monetisation entails
- Practice
- Analysis: Four issues emerge

01 Nov 1996 description
report BRIDGE

How can constraints to integrating gender in relief be overcome? The "tyranny of the urgent" in emergencies tends to override longer-term developmental concerns, including gender issues. This issue of "Development and Gender in Brief" explores the potential for tackling existing constraints, including biases in the distribution of food aid. Also highlighted is the need for gender-sensitive policies to support coping strategies during times of emergency.

01 Nov 1996 description

Humanitarianism is concerned with the universal right of all people to live without being subjected to violent, cruel, inhumane or degrading treatment or conditions. There is widespread evidence that these rights are being denied more than ever before particularly amongst those fleeing conflict and violence. At the same time many are demanding a greater levels of accountability and performance measurements from implementing agencies. This issue offers a look into developing minimum performance standards in humanitarian relief.

01 Oct 1996 description

This document provides a toolbox on vulnerability and capacity assessment. For this purpose, it considers the following topics:

- Disaster management is information management
- Techniques to be used in VCA
- Identifying threats
- Assessing capacities of different population groups
- Identifying vulnerabilities

The toolbox aims to be of assistance to those working with the assessment of day-to-day and disaster-related problems of vulnerable people, helping to organise common sense so as to better understand the root causes of these problems.

01 Oct 1996 description
report UN General Assembly

The Secretary-General has the honour to transmit to the General Assembly the comments of the Administrative Committee on Coordination on the report of the Joint Inspection Unit entitled "The involvement of the United Nations system in providing and coordinating humanitarian assistance" (A/50/687).


Recommendation 10

01 Oct 1996 description

This paper focuses on humanitarian emergencies generated by conflict, severe government repression in rogue states, or natural or technological disasters that can be anticipated. Its main parts consist of:

Discussion of the nature of humanitarian emergencies, including scale, character, frequency, cost etc.

Global Survey of humanitarian developments
- Intense and simmering conflicts
- Severe government repression
- Cease-fires and political settlements
- Post-crisis
- Possible new humanitarian emergencies

01 Aug 1996 description
report UN General Assembly

To improve the protection and care of children in conflict situations and prevent these conflicts from occurring, this study proposes an agenda for action by Member States and the international community. The following issues are considered:

- Mitigating the impact of armed conflict on children
- Relevance and adequacy of existing standards
- Reconstruction and reconciliation
- Conflict prevention
- Implementation mechanisms

01 Aug 1996 description

Focusing on contingency planning, these guidelines examines the following issues:

Purpose: Popular misconceptions, relationship to early warning, operations planning and needs assessment, indicators to suggest initiation of planning process.

Process: Emphases importance of process to arrive at an effective plan, describes a participatory approach and suggests mechanisms established in-country to update the plan and maintain the preparedness process.

21 Jun 1996 description


  1. In its resolution 46/182 of 19 December 1991, the General Assembly stated its deep concern about the suffering of the victims of disasters and emergency situations, the loss in human lives, the flow of refugees, the mass displacement of people and the material destruction, and set forth a number of guiding principles and measures to strengthen the coordination of emergency humanitarian assistance of the United Nations system.

01 Jun 1996 description

Here, we offer a brief résumé of recent initiatives resulting from the Evaluation of Emergency Assistance to Rwanda. At this stage, it is difficult to gauge the impact of the Evaluation's recommendations on the international relief system as a whole, but in the two months since its publication in March 1996, it has been discussed in numerous fora and some of its findings are being acted upon at a number of levels. This issue reflects on findings in such areas as, accountability, standards, monitoring and reporting. Other findings focus on early warning and preparedness.