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The State Parties to this Protocol desire
to undertake an international commitment to abolish the death penalty,
as they believe that the abolition of the death penalty contributes to
enhancement of human dignity and progressive development of human rights.
The Protocol is open for signature by any State that has signed the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
There can be little doubt that disaster preparedness saves lives. Before noon on Dec. 7. 1988, an earthquake measuring 6.9 on the Richter scale struck Soviet Armenia, killing at least 25,000 people according to official Soviet estimates. Less than one year later, an earthquake of similar magnitude jolted San Francisco, California, shortly before rush hour. However. this earthquake claimed fewer than 70 lives. In Armenia, most of the victims died when their multi-story apartment buildings crumbled and collapsed on them.
Adopted and opened for signature, ratification and accession by General Assembly resolution 44/25 of 20 November 1989 entry into force 2 September 1990, in accordance with article 49 Preamble
The States Parties to the present Convention,
Considering that, in accordance with the principles proclaimed in the Charter of the United Nations, recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world,