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Recent experience has shown that even the best prepared governments may need international support when a major disasters strike. Unfortunately, few governments have adequate systems in place to facilitate and regulate outside relief.
After years of intensive research and consultations on problems and best practice in the regulation of international disaster relief, the IFRC spearheaded negotiations to develop a new set of international guidelines to help governments strengthen their domestic laws and policies.
EISF is pleased to share its newest publication “Engaging Private Security Providers: A Guideline for Non-governmental Organisations” written by Max Glaser. The paper was made possible by a grant of the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs. A French version is also available.
ESA Working paper No. 11-19
Sarah K. Lowder and Brian Carisma
Conducting simulations and drills is the most effective way to evaluate and test disaster preparedness plans; these exercises are used widely by organizations and institutions working in development and in disaster response. Drills and simulations are also excellent tools for training, and for assessing decision making processes, teamwork, and coordination.
In some conflict-affected countries, education itself can become a target of attack for a variety of ideological, political, religious, ethnic, and economic reasons in the context of the larger conflict. Attacks on students, education personnel, and education institutions put the lives of civilians, including children, at risk and may violate international humanitarian and human rights law, including undermining the right to education.
The great majority of communities affected by disasters in developing countries are directly or indirectly dependent on agriculture for their livelihoods. Early investment in rehabilitating the sources of livelihoods not only reduces the risk of protracted relief operations and displacement but also provides a sustainable and efficient means of return to normality.
Following one of the most challenging and dramatic years for Latin America and the Caribbean in the area of disaster response and public health, 2011 appeared with a sigh of relief, allowing time to reinforce essential, ongoing recovery and response actions as well as look towards the future of disaster management in the Region.
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Volume 93 Number 884 December 2011
EDITORIAL: THE FUTURE OF HUMANITARIAN ACTION
Non-Western countries like Saudi Arabia, China, Brazil and Turkey have started to take part in global humanitarian action. Their engagement raises a number of fundamental questions: How will the diversification of government donors affect humanitarian activities and principles, the people and governments of crisis-affected countries or humanitarian organizations? This article finds that the rise of non-Western donors involves both risks, such as normative conflicts, and great potential, such as increased access and more resources.
“We took a boat from Turkey to Greece. On the sea a Greek military boat intercepted us. I don’t know whether they were navy or border guards. The officers removed the engine from our boat and then abandoned us to our fate. Fortunately some fishermen found us and brought us to the next Greek island. But there we got arrested by the police and held without any procedure in detention.” Testimony of a young Eritrean refugee, interviewed by JRS Europe
Global challenges including climate change, extreme poverty, urbanization, water scarcity, energy security, migration and population growth disproportionately affect the world’s most vulnerable people as well as the scope of humanitarian preparedness and response.
El presente informe se basa en una serie de datos originales reunidos por el Grupo Interinstitucional y de Expertos sobre los indicadores de los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio, bajo la coordinación del Departamento de Asuntos Económicos y Sociales de la Secretaría de las Naciones Unidas, en respuesta a la petición de la Asamblea General de que se realicen evaluaciones periódicas de los progresos logrados en la consecución de los Objetivos de Desarrollo del Milenio.
Deprived of love and laughter, children globally are afflicted by war, violence, disease, exploitation, neglect and other devastating circumstances. Progress has been made in strengthening their families of origin and preventing child abandonment, but much remains to be done.
“Walking the talk”
It is often only in retrospect that we see the success of interventions. This is true for Dalit movements and organisations struggling at the local or national level as well as for joint efforts of Dalit human rights defenders at the international level.
UNEP Disasters and Conflicts Sub-Programme
In 2012, the Climate Centre will be celebrating its tenth anniversary. The year 2011, topic of this annual report, marked the final year of its first decade, and also of its 2008–2011 Strategic Plan.