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31 Dec 1995 description

This document is a collection of fact-sheets on environmental sanitation. The fact-sheets cover four major areas:

- Planning
- Water supply
- Sanitation
- Hygiene education.

The document is intended for those dealing with the difficult task of identifying priorities and promoting and implementing programmes in environmental sanitation at the country level.

To read the fact-sheets click here

01 Nov 1995 description
report BRIDGE

How can emergency relief and humanitarian assistance be more gender-sensitive? This report argues that emergency and humanitarian assistance tends to be gender-blind, responding to women's needs solely as victims and mothers, without accounting for changes in gender relations that arise out of crises.

01 Sep 1995 description
report UNAIDS

These guidelines seek to enable governments and cooperating agencies, including UN agencies and NGOs, to adopt measures necessary to prevent the rapid epidemic spread of HIV in emergency situations, and to care for those already affected. For this purpose, it looks at the following issues:

- Why is HIV/AIDS a priority in emergencies?
- Importance of advocacy
- Stages of an emergency
- Essential minimum package
- Mobilization of the minimum package
- HIV/AIDS-related human rights and ethics during emergencies

01 Sep 1995 description

Drawing on examples from Cambodia, Ethiopia and Uganda, this paper attempts to redefine the rehabilitation task in situations of 'post'-conflict transition.

The paper argues that direct effects of military action on the social sector are less significant than the indirect effects of political, economic and social changes underlying and precipitated by conflict, and thereby for rehabilitation to go beyond reconstruction and tackle the root causes of instability.

01 Sep 1995 description

This issue covers a wide range of humanitarian issues. Articles here focus on two large topics, the environment and gender. These articles offer information on southern Africa and drought mitigation, refugees and the environment, women killers in Rwanda and women, war and humanitarian interventions.

01 Apr 1995 description

Some six years after the collapse of the Berlin Wall, international political and aid systems are struggling to redefine their roles. Major changes in the financing and organisation of the aid system are taking place in the post-Cold War era. Overall aid budgets are declining- at the same time the proportion of funds allocated to relief is rising. This change in financing reflects in part the growing number of complex emergencies and the trend for increasing international intervention, which themselves are raising new questions and challenges for relief and development agencies.

01 Mar 1995 description

These guidelines provide a primer on when and how sexual violence can occur in the refugee context and the physical, psychological and social effects it can have on those exposed.

Addressing ways to combat the occurrence of sexual violence and how to respond when incidents occur, the guidelines emphasise the need for education, training and information campaigns as well as the need for legal awareness training, leadership and skills training, and education.

01 Jan 1995 description

This report analyses existing and proposed mandates of different humanitarian agencies and of social and humanitarian departments of the UN Secretariat, to ensure that these are appropriate and applicable during complex emergency operations.

The report also focuses on the relationship between humanitarian assistance and peace-keeping operators, mechanisms for cooperation and coordination at headquarters and field levels and among the different actors, as well as the security and safety of UN field personnel.

01 Jan 1995 description

This book examines the origins of the current crisis and provides a comprehensive account of the way in which approaches to the problem of human displacement have changed since the end of the Cold War. It offers the following chapters:

- Searching for solutions
- Changing approaches to the refugee problem
- Protecting human rights
- Keeping the peace
- Promoting development
- Managing migration
- Investing in the future

01 Jan 1995 description
With stress management training becoming an increasingly important factor in the adequate preparation and training of UN peace-keepers, this document provides a basic framework for professional stress management trainers and peacekeepers and also seeks to be of use to any individual working in the stressful environment of an emergency response operation.

Part I: Tips for trainers
- Pre-deployment training
- Potential stress in peace-keeping missions
- Special unit preparations for traumatic mission areas
- Post-mission atress management training
01 Jan 1995 description
report United Nations

Aiming to identify areas where humanitarian operations, and particularly complex emergencies, can further be improved, this report analyses the progress, problems, mechanisms and capacity of the UN system to provide and coordinate humanitarian assistance. For this purpose, it looks at the following:

- Humanitarian response agencies
- Problems and improvement of coordination mechanisms - headquarters and field
- Planning and prevention needs
- Financial and administrative resource constraints

01 Jan 1995 description

This document reflects current United Nations peace-keeping practice, dealing with peace-keeping only and not covering enforcement operations. It includes the following chapters:

- General guidance on peace-keeping operations
- Types of peace-keeping operations
- Principles of peace-keeping
- Tasks and techniques
- Institutional arrangements

The text is intended as a general guide for governments.

01 Jan 1995 description

Providing guidance for the military working on humanitarian emergencies, this handbook is specifically aimed at members of Armed Forces working with UNHCR in peace support operations. It contains the following chapters:

- Military humanitarian context
- Organizations and responsibilities
- Guiding principles and legal frameworks for humanitarian action
- Cooperation and coordination in emergency operations
- Humanitarian implications of peace support activities in emergency operations
- Military tasks in support of UNHCR in emergency operations

01 Jan 1995 description

With stress management becoming an increasingly important factor in the adequate preparation of UN peace-keepers, this document aims to provide a basic framework for professional stress management trainers. It offers two main parts:

Part One: Most essential elements required for trainers dealing with stress in UN peace-keeping operations. Focuses on the phases before, during and after a peace-keeping assignment with specific
emphasis on traumatic, or critical-incident, stress.

01 Jan 1995 description

During FY 1994, OFDA responded to 64 new "declared" disasters. OFDA funding also covers additional funding for completion in prior-year and non-declared disasters.Total amount of US foreign Disaster Assistance spent in FY 1994 was $179,029,353.

Responded emergencies were as following: