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MIXED MIGRATION FLOWS TO EUROPE
Between July and September 2018, a total of 45,092 migrants and refugees arrived in Europe, 14 per cent more than the 39,402 registered in the second quarter and two and a half times the 18,956 registered in the first three months of the year. More than a half (53%) of arrivals were registered as land and sea arrivals to Spain (24,361). Greece has received the second largest caseload of arrivals (14,226), three times more than 4,447 arrivals registered in Italy during this reporting period (July – September 2018).
Background and Key Findings
Billy Briggs - Education in emergencies writer
The Refugee Welcome Schools programme is being expanded and students are also sending aid to Syrian children.
Schoolchildren in UK cities are welcoming refugees and sending aid abroad as part of a European project to improve the lives of people fleeing war.
A pilot programme in Cardiff and Birmingham called Refugee Welcome Schools has proved hugely successful and there are plans to expand it to other British towns and cities.
- By September 2018, some 89,000 refugees and migrants, almost a quarter of whom children, arrived in Europe through the Mediterranean migration routes. Most children arrived in Greece and Spain.
- Between January and September 2018, nearly 16,700 children benefitted from UNICEF specialized child protection support in Greece, Italy, Bulgaria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and Germany. With the start of the school year, 13,810 children were also reached with UNICEF-supported formal and non-formal education activities.
2,505 Registered intentions to seek asylum in Serbia
28% of registered refugees and migrants were minors
102 Applications for asylum
2 Persons granted refugee status
5 Persons granted subsidiary protection
Total (observed) arrivals – September: 2,523
Total (observed) arrivals - August: 2,458
Total (observed) arrivals of unaccompanied/separated children - September: 408
Total (observed) arrivals of unaccompanied/separated children - August: 468
Total occupancy of government centres – end September: 3,400
Total occupancy of government centres - end August: 3,200
Total presence of refugees/migrants/asylum-seekers – end September: 3,900
Total presence of refugees/migrants/asylum-seekers – end August: 3,700
By Volker Türk | 04 October 2018
Mr Chairperson, distinguished delegates, ladies and gentlemen,
According to the compilation of available data from national authorities and IOM offices, a total of 87,776 migrants and refugees arrived in Europe between January and August 2018. Estimated 79 per cent of the overall population crossed the Mediterranean Sea (69,614), mainly using the Western Mediterranean route which leads to Spain where 33,912 new arrivals were registered between January and August 2018.
DISPLACEMENT TRACKING & MONITORING (DTM) FEBRUARY 2016 MIXED MIGRATION FLOWS IN THE MEDITERRANEAN AND BEYOND FLOW MONITORING DATA ANALYSIS APRIL 2018
409 interviews with children were conducted in Bulgaria, Greece, Croatia, Hungary, Italy and Slovenia between June 2017 and March 2018
About DTM`s Flow Monitoring Surveys
Safe access to territory is a pre-requisite to ensure that persons in need of international protection are able to seek and access protection. Maintaining and strengthening access is essential to ensure that all those seeking asylum are afforded the opportunity in a safe and dignified manner.
Partnership with Border Authorities to support safe access to protection
3,682 new refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants were counted in Serbia on 02 September (compared to 3,875 two weeks ago). 3,174 (i.e. 86%) were accommodated in 15 governmental centres (below chart refers), while over 500 were observed outside centres: 260 close to borders with Croatia or Hungary, 150 in Belgrade City, and up to 100 in Loznica close to the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Trends and key figures
Arrivals to Europe in 2018
3,875 new refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants were counted in Serbia on 19 August (compared to 3,610 two weeks ago), of which 3,382 (i.e. 87%) were accommodated in governmental centres (below chart refers). Close to 500 were observed outside the centres: 150 in Belgrade City, another 240 camping close to borders with Croatia or Hungary and up to 100 in Loznica, close to the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina.
UNHCR Serbia and partners under its programme continued to observe new arrivals in 2018: both irregular movements through green borders as well as by air to Belgrade airport. Below charts show the arrival trend from the beginning of 2017 through April 2018 by country of transit and by nationality.
- 3,610 new refugees, asylum-seekers and migrants were counted in Serbia on 05 August (compared to 3,529 two weeks ago), of which 3,071 (i.e 85%) were accommodated in 18 governmental centres. Over 530 were observed outside the centres: 250 in Belgrade City, another 240 camping close to borders with Croatia or Hungary but only 45 in Loznica, close to the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina.
The migration flow continued to decrease remaining largely under control; coordination and cooperation remain crucial
An array of response measures, ranging from coordinated enhancement of border-controls by the most affected countries to policy actions supported by the EU, introduced at the end of 2015 and maintained throughout 2016 and 2017, contributed to a marked reduction in the volume of the non-regional migration flow observed in the Western Balkans.