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COOPI’s worldwide operations increased once again in 2017. It means also that the number of humanitarian crises we have tried to respond to as effectively as ever has increased. We have decided not to limit ourselves to intervening when there is an emergency, only to then move on elsewhere; instead, we remain alongside the communities hit by those emergencies in the medium-to-long-term, so as to help them overcome their critical issues and launch a reconstruction process.
The latest edition of Crisis Group's monthly conflict tracker highlights dangers of escalating conflict in Sri Lanka and Yemen. CrisisWatch also notes improved situations in China/Japan and Nagorno-Karabakh (Azerbaijan).
So far in 2018, a total of 27,492 refugees and migrants arrived in Greece by sea. The majority are from Syria (27%), Afghanistan (25%) and Iraq (19%). More than half of the population are women (24%) and children (37%), while 40% are men.
Arrivals in October 2018, at 4,073 increased in comparison to September, when 3,960 people arrived on the islands.
United Nations-coordinated Appeals
FUNDING REQUIRED $25.20B
FUNDING RECEIVED $11.97B
UNMET REQUIREMENTS $13.23B
PEOPLE IN NEED 135.3 M
PEOPLE TO RECEIVE AID 97.9 M
COUNTRIES AFFECTED 41
Global Humanitarian Funding
FUNDING RECEIVED $17.98B
UN-COORDINATED APPEALS $11.97B
OTHER FUNDING $6.01B
Global Appeal Status
By Corrie Sissons and Daniel Pasquini
Climate change and ongoing conflicts have made Pre-Crisis Market Analysis (PCMA) an essential feature of Oxfam’s humanitarian work. Corrie Sissons and Daniel Pasquini share how PCMA exercises have helped Oxfam to respond effectively in two very different contexts.
TOTAL ARRIVALS ¹ (Jan-Sep 2018)
2018: 99,500 (As of 30 September 2018)
2017: 143,500 (As of 30 Sep 2017; total of 2017: 178,500)
2016: 308,000 (As of 30 Sep 2016; total of 2016: 362,753)
2015: 528,700 (As of 30 Sep 2015; total of 2015: 1,015,078)
Between 1 January and 30 September 2018, some 99,500 refugees and migrants crossed the Mediterranean Sea from North Africa and Turkey. Most crossed the Western Mediterranean from Morocco to Spain.
In the spotlight: Integrating Psychosocial Support into Education in Emergencies
Although enrollment in education in developing countries has increased, millions of children remain out of school. The situation is especially dire at times of a conflict; globally, half of all out-of-school children live in conflict-affected areas.
Humanitarian crises tend to be long and extremely complex, and therefore affect well-being and education over a long period. Most refugee adolescents and youth are out of school.
China takes on the Council presidency in November. It will hold two open debates: on the UN’s role in strengthening multilateralism, and on enhancing African capacities in peace and security. UN Secretary-General António Guterres is expected to brief at both meetings, while AU Commissioner for Peace and Security Smaïl Chergui is a possible briefer for the debate on African capacities.
Total funding: € 656 million
This monthly digest comprises threats and incidents of violence affecting protection of IDPs and refugees. It is prepared by Insecurity Insight from information available in open sources.
Security Incidents and Access Constraints
Central African Republic
Geneva – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, reports that 86,436 migrants and refugees entered Europe by sea in 2018 through 7 October, with 39,445 to Spain, the leading destination this year. In fact, since late September’s arrivals were reported, Spain in 2018 has now received via the Mediterranean more irregular migrants than it did throughout all the years 2015, 2016 and 2017 combined.
The region’s total arrivals through the recent weekend compare with 140,272 arrivals across the region through the same period last year, and 318,207 at this point in 2016.
In September, 54,545 eligible refugees and asylum-seekers (26,165 families) received cash assistance in Greece, in 97 locations.
Over 15,000 Eritreans crossed into Ethiopia as of 26 September after two border crossing points were opened, with many traveling to refugee settlements. It brings the total number of Eritrean refugees in the Tigray region to almost 46,000 people.
Humanitarian assistance needs to be scaled up in the region to respond to this new influx of refugees.
FUNDING REQUIRED $25.32B
FUNDING RECEIVED $10.63B
UNMET REQUIREMENTS COVERAGE $14.69B
PEOPLE IN NEED 133.8M
PEOPLE TO RECEIVE AID 97.4M
COUNTRIES AFFECTED 41
Spotlight on the recent disaster in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia
The 21th round of data collection took place in July and August 2018. During this round a revised version of the data collection methodology was used to capture additional information on the needs and challenges migrants are facing.
DTM identified there to be at least 669,176 migrants in Libya. Migrants were identified in all baladiyas, within 554 communities and originated from more than 41 countries.
The Early Warning Early Action initiative has been developed with the understanding that disaster losses and emergency response costs can be drastically reduced by using early warning analysis to act before a crisis escalates into an emergency. Early actions strengthen the resilience of at-risk populations, mitigate the impact of disasters and help communities, governments and national and international humanitarian agencies to respond more effectively and efficiently.
José Graziano da Silva, FAO Director-General
By the end of September 2018, UNHCR had created 25,669 places in the accommodation scheme as part of the ESTIA programme. These were in 4,265 apartments and 25 buildings, in 14 cities and 7 islands across Greece.