United States of America
Drought, earthquakes, floods, typhoons, volcanoes, and civil unrest, compounded by limited government response capacity in some countries, present significant challenges to vulnerable populations in the East Asia and the Pacific (EAP) region. Between FY 2008 and FY 2017, USAID’s Office of U.S. Foreign Disaster Assistance (USAID/OFDA) and USAID’s Office of Food for Peace (USAID/FFP) provided humanitarian assistance in response to a range of natural and complex emergencies in the region.
Humanitarian access remains a significant challenge countrywide
Natural disasters affect fewer people in 2016 than in 2015
Donors contribute 29 percent of funding requested in 2016 HRP
Security conditions across Afghanistan have deteriorated in recent months, increasing the number of people displaced within the country and further constraining already limited access to crisis-affected populations.
Civilian deaths in Afghanistan in 2015 surpass previous record
UNAMA documents increasing attacks on health facilities and personnel
Increased precipitation in March signals an improved agro-climatic outlook, raises flooding concerns
The 2015-2016 El Niño has passed its peak but it remains strong and will continue to influence the global climate. It is expected to weaken in the coming months and fade away during the second quarter of 2016. The World Meteorological Organization states that models indicate a return to an El Niño neutral state during the second quarter of 2016. Meanwhile, strong El Niño conditions are quite likely through March-April. It is too early to predict if there will then be a swing to La Niña (the opposite of El Niño).
- Earthquake affects 134,000 people; USAID partners lead response
- Humanitarian need increases significantly due to conflict and natural disaster
- IDPs exceed 1 million
Taliban seizes control of Kunduz, exacerbating insecurity
Ongoing attacks on civilians and aid workers hinder humanitarian access
Numbers of IDPs, returnees, and food- insecure households surge
USAID/OFDA commits an additional $16 million to support relief efforts ￼
Renewed fighting displaces more than 20,000 families across five provinces
Targeted attacks on aid workers and foreigners result in 20 aid worker deaths
USAID/OFDA commits additional assistance to support humanitarian coordination and health initiatives
Approximately 48,000 Afghans have returned from Pakistan to date in 2015, reflecting a substantial rise in the daily return rate from 2014.
Severe weather events affect more than 8,800 Afghan households in February and March.
USAID/FFP provides 40,300 metric tons (MT) in emergency food assistance to Afghanistan.
Humanitarian agencies provide assistance to populations affected by weather-related incidents, including severe cold and floods
USAID/OFDA provides $3 million for countrywide nutrition and WASH support
The U.S. Government (USG) has provided more than $38 million to date in FY 2013
Natural hazards such as earthquakes, droughts, floods, wildfires, and extreme winter weather affect a range of countries in Europe, the Middle East, and Central Asia (EMCA). In addition, rapid urban growth and environmental degradation in some countries have led to overcrowding and settlement in hazard-prone areas. Protracted conflict and limited governmental disaster management capacity in many EMCA countries compound the risks associated with natural disasters.