Appeals & Response Plans
- Uganda: Cholera Outbreak - Feb 2018
- East Africa: Armyworm Infestation - Mar 2017
- Tanzania: Earthquake - Sept 2016
- South Sudan: Cholera Outbreak - Jul 2016
- Uganda: Yellow Fever Outbreak - Apr 2016
- Uganda: Measles Outbreak - Aug 2013
- Uganda: Cholera Outbreak - May 2013
- Uganda: Floods - May 2013
- Uganda: Marburg Fever Outbreak - Oct 2012
- Uganda: Ebola Outbreak - Jul 2012
Maps & Infographics
Most read (last 30 days)
- As Uganda confirms active cholera outbreak, UNHCR and health actors alarmed at deteriorating situation in Kyangwali
- WHO supports Government of Uganda to respond to the Cholera Outbreak among Refugees
- Uganda starts biometric verification of refugees
- Tens of thousands of children flee conflict in Democratic Republic of Congo in under two months
- Uganda - Cholera Outbreak (DG ECHO, Ugandan Ministry of Health) (ECHO Daily Flash of 28 February 2018)
Intercommunal violence between Lendu and Hema communities since December has internally displaced over 100,000 people and led to a severe humanitarian crisis. In a conflict where civilians are being directly targeted, protection of the affected population is a major concern. Thousands of houses have been burned down and livelihood activities, including agriculture, have been disrupted, resulting in significant needs for shelter and food assistance.
Anticipated scope and scale
There are 3.3 million IDP returnees in Iraq compared with 2.4 million IDPs. Health, protection and shelter needs are the key humanitarian concerns facing these population groups.
The humanitarian situation for the Rohingya population in Rakhine state remains highly concerning. Civilians face restricted movement and people are regularly denied access to fields, coastal waters, rivers and markets. This leads to food shortages and risk of starvation. Livestock theft is also reported which further aggravates food insecurity.
About 7,000 people arrived in Burundi between 24 and 29 January from DRC, and new arrivals have been reported daily since then.
Even though the displaced have been arriving mostly in southern provinces of Burundi, the north and east of the country are also likely to be affected.
Poor underlying conditions in affected areas of Burundi exacerbate acute shelter, food, WASH, health, and protection needs.
On 18 December 2017 violence escalated in Ituri and Nord Kivu provinces of north-east Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), causing displacement and an increased refugee influx into Uganda. At least 7,185 refugees have crossed into west and southwest Uganda. Refugees are being relocated to Kyangwali settlement and the Malembo C site in Hoima district, and Kyaka II settlement in Kyegegwa district. Cross-sectoral response must be strengthened as humanitarian resources and capacities are strained due to the increase in arrivals.
671 cholera cases have been reported in Awerial county, Lakes, since June 2016, of which at least 117 are new cases since 6 March. Most new cases have been reported in Mingkaman IDP camp. The case fatality rate (CFR) is 1.49% - or ten deaths.
A lack of WASH facilities has been reported, further spreading the outbreak. The upcoming rainy season, from May/June onwards, will also likely further deteriorate the WASH situation and result in an increased number of cholera cases.
Outbreaks of Fall Armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda, have been reported in DRC, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Botswana, South Africa, Namibia, Swaziland, Ghana and Kenya. Regionally, around 330,000 hectares of staple crops, especially maize, have been affected. The remaining southern African mainland countries remain at high risk (OCHA 27/02/2017).
Between 25 and 31 January, 24,280 people fled to Uganda following clashes around Yei town on 22 January. In Upper Nile, 20,500 people who fled fighting in Wau Shilluk between 25 January and 3 February are in need of shelter, safe drinking water, food and healthcare. On 4 February, five people were killed and 25 injured in a government bombing of an IDP camp in Wau Shilluk. Humanitarian operations were temporarily suspended.
Food prices have spiked since the violence in Juba. It is the peak of the lean season and prices are more than ten times the five-year average. Inflation is now above 660% and the highest in the world. In Wau, the spike in prices will further restrict food access for households already facing Emergency food security (IPC Phase 4): households will likely move into Catastrophe (IPC Phase 5) in the coming weeks. Food prices have spiked since the violence in Juba.
On 23 July in Kabul, two explosions during a peaceful protest of Shiite Hazaras killed 80 and injured another 231 civilians --the deadliest attack in the capital since 2001. IS claimed responsibility for the attack, which risks to increase tensions between the Shias and the Sunnis.
As of 16 July, an estimated 12,800 people remain displaced after fighting erupted in Juba over 7–11 July. They are at UN House (6,838), UNMISS Tongping (3,300), Don Bosco Gumbo (1,800), Rajaf village (500), St Joseph Parish Church (100), SSRC Compound (109), and San Francis Pitia school (150): see map page 6 (CCCM 16/07/2016).. Humanitarian agencies currently have access, but this is not stable as the ceasefire is fragile and the situation remains tense. Main needs include water, food, health, and protection.
Syria: In recent weeks, clashes between Islamic State and other non-government forces over the border area between Turkey and Syria have intensified. IDPs in camps located along the border are at risk: over 35,000 have fled the area since 14 April and are in need of protection. Additional displacement is likely.
Iraq: The humanitarian situation in besieged Fallujah continues to deteriorate. Supply lines have been cut off since December, when government forces surrounded the city. Islamic State is reportedly preventing people from leaving. Prices of basic food stuffs are 500% above December prices for the third consecutive month. Acute shortages of food, medicine and fuel, as well as cases of starvation and suicide, have been reported.