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05 Sep 2012 description
report Oxford Analytica

The intensive conflict of recent months in the Kivus region of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) has given way to stalemate.

Amid a continuing dire humanitarian situation, alliances between various state and militia forces are shifting.

In a complex and unpredictable arena, one thing appears certain: the model of integrating militia groups into the Congolese army (FARDC) as a strategy for building peace in the region is discredited, given that its failure generated the current 'M23' rebellion.

29 Jun 2011 description
report Oxford Analytica

The UN Security Council voted unanimously yesterday to extend the mandate of the UN Stabilisation Mission in the Congo (MONUSCO) until end-June 2012. MONUSCO's mandate is largely unchanged, despite pressure from the Congolese government for the mission to be wound down by the end of 2011. Instead, the Security Council tasked MONUSCO with supporting preparations for November elections, in addition to its responsibilities protecting civilians. Security remains a challenge, particularly in the east, where several of the largest armed groups are regrouping.

Impact

20 Oct 2010 description
report Oxford Analytica

October 20, 2010

EVENT: The African Union reported on October 16 that Central African countries were working to ensure that the Ugandan rebel group, the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA), is classified as a terrorist organisation.

SIGNIFICANCE: Displaced from northern Uganda, the LRA has for more than two years been a persistent threat to civilians in neighbouring Sudan, Democratic Republic of Congo and Central African Republic.

ANALYSIS: In December 2008, the Ugandan Army (UPDF) launched operation "Lightning Thunder" against the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) in …

01 Sep 2010 description
report Oxford Analytica

September 1, 2010

EVENT: A mortar struck the Villa Somalia compound on August 30, killing four African Union peacekeepers.

SIGNIFICANCE: Al-Shabaab launched a fresh offensive against the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) in Mogadishu in mid-August, following several weeks of moderate setbacks for the group in the capital.

18 Aug 2010 description
report Oxford Analytica

August 18, 2010

EVENT: The army reported today that three UN peacekeepers had been killed when suspected rebels infiltrated their base in the east.

SIGNIFICANCE: Continued insecurity in the eastern parts of the country poses a significant challenge for President Joseph Kabila.

30 Dec 2008 description
report Oxford Analytica

EVENT: Negotiations for a ceasefire in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo are due to resume in Nairobi on January 7.

SIGNIFICANCE: The first round of talks in early December failed to break the deadlock between the government and the representatives of rebel General Laurent Nkunda. The conflict has regional dimensions, in particular drawing in Rwandan involvement.

ANALYSIS: The Nairobi conference is the latest in a series of diplomatic initiatives to restore peace to the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC).

29 May 2008 description
report Oxford Analytica

SUBJECT: The causes and impact of border tensions around Lake Albert.

SIGNIFICANCE: After several years in which the relations between the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and Rwanda defined the political outlook for the whole Great Lakes region, interactions between DRC and Uganda are now emerging as the key factor for wider peace and security.

ANALYSIS: Relations between Kinshasa and Kampala have been marked by mutual acrimony since Uganda's 1998 invasion and occupation of parts of eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). In October 2003, joint accusations followed the …

10 Jan 2008 description
report Oxford Analytica

SUBJECT: Natural disaster preparedness in East Africa and the Great Lakes.

SIGNIFICANCE: Over the past 20 years, greater responsibility has been placed upon national governments for disaster planning, and mitigation, in their own territories.  However, recent disaster episodes in the region suggest that its governments are some way from meeting their obligations.

04 Sep 2007 description
report Oxford Analytica

EVENT: The Rwandan foreign minister visited Kinshasa on September 2 for talks on cross-border militancy.

SIGNIFICANCE: Following transitional elections in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), regional governments have turned their attention to the last remaining major security challenge in the Great Lakes: those militias which, based mainly in the eastern DRC, continue to launch raids into neighbouring countries.