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25 Jun 2010 description
report Clingendael

Expert Meeting Report

Conflict Research Unit, Clingendael Institute, 25 June 2010

Prepared by Jort Hemmer, in cooperation with Niki Frencken

Background

Northern Uganda became the scene of armed conflict after President Yoweri Museveni took power in 1986 by overthrowing a military regime dominated by the Acholi, the largest ethnic group in Uganda's northern districts of Gulu, Kitgum and Pader. In the wake of this coup, and amid fears of political and economic marginalisation, several protest movements emerged in the North challenging the newly established leadership.

30 Mar 2010 description
report Clingendael

As Sudan has entered the final and most critical year of its post-war transition period, the other countries comprising the Horn and central Africa are on the alert. Southern Sudan's self-determination referendum, scheduled for January 2011, could result in partition of the country and may possibly prompt the resurgence of violent North-South conflict. In any case, the emergence of an independent South would have profound regional implications.