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While students around the world go back to school, millions of children that fled conflict and drought in East Africa have no classes to attend.
“We decided to flee Burundi because there was war. I miss the school where I was studying in Burundi. I had enough materials: shoes and clothes, pens, eraser and a school bag,” says ten-year-old Nyongere at Nduta refugee camp in Tanzania. But this year he has no school to attend.
One million South Sudanese have fled for their lives across Uganda’s border seeking safety since the start of the war in 2013. About a third of this number arrived since January 2017, highlighting that conflict continues to rage in South Sudan.
NRC in 2016: our year in review
We assisted millions in 2016. It wasn’t easy.
The numbers were bleak. Nearly 66 million people were on the move, fleeing conflict and disaster. But we persevered.
In 2016, displacement figures topped the charts yet again. As the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) scaled up, our 2016 annual report details, we supported more than six million people throughout the year – improving 2015 achievements by nearly 27 per cent.
A balancing act
Six years after independence, one third of the population in South Sudan have fled their homes and six million people are in need of food aid.
Uganda received the largest number of new refugees last year, more than half a million people. “The system protecting refugees will collapse if we do not step up our support to countries like Uganda. The richest and most stable countries from Europe to the US do their uttermost to keep refugees away. At the same time, they are not adequately funding reception of refugees in poor host countries,” said Jan Egeland, Secretary General of the Norwegian Refugee Council.
Uganda welcomed more refugees last year than the total number of refugees and migrants crossing the Mediterranean into Europe. “Europe should learn from the way Uganda and other African countries are keeping their borders open as the Refugee Convention prescribes, instead of specializing in barbed wire and walls,” said Secretary General of the Norwegian Refugee Council Jan Egeland.
This is the eighth Protection Trends report prepared by the South Sudan Protection Cluster (PC) in close collaboration with Child Protection, SGBV and Land Mines and Explosive Remnants of War sub-clusters, and other protection actors.
The report provides an overview of the protection situation highlighting the main threats to civilians that have caused displacement, and describes trends on issues reported and observed in the second and third quarters of 2016 (1 April through 30 September).
IDMC reported 27.8 million new incidents of internal displacement worldwide in 2015. The figure, however, only includes those associated with conflict and rapid-onset disasters. It does not cover people forced from their homes by development projects and slow-onset disasters, making it a significant underestimate of the overall phenomenon.
The deadly fighting in South Sudan has created enormous challenges for neighbouring Uganda. From food shortage to water-borne diseases, the humanitarian needs are greater than ever before.
“We ran for our lives to avoid being killed. I spent all the money I had to bring my children to safety in Uganda,” says Agnes Drabua (35). She is one among thousands of refugees who crossed the border into neighbouring Uganda last month.
Overwhelmed aid agencies in Uganda are armed with insufficient resources to respond to South Sudanese refugees spilling across the border, after renewed violence pushed over 85,000 people into Uganda’s West Nile region since July.
Some 70,000 South Sudanese have fled the country to Uganda since the recent outbreak of violence in July, and agencies are planning for an additional influx of 80,000 people by the end of the year. Most of the people fleeing are women and children.
More refugees have fled to Uganda in the last 20 days than during the whole of 2015. The latest figures from the UN refugee agency report that an average of 2,000 people arrived into Uganda each day in the past few days.
Aid agencies in Uganda are working around the clock to receive thousands fleeing the recent fighting in neighbouring South Sudan.
Since conflict in South Sudan flared four weeks ago, there has been a sharp increase in the number of people fleeing to Uganda. During the month of July, close to 60,000 South Sudanese crossed into the neighbouring country. Last week, an average of more than 4,000 a day fled to Uganda. An additional 8,000 South Sudanese are seeking refuge in Sudan and Kenya.
Trying its best
This report is the seventh in a series of Protection Trends papers prepared by the South Sudan Protection Cluster in close collaboration with the three sub-clusters and other protection actors. After providing an overview of the protection situation, the paper discusses trends on issues reported and observed in the first quarter of 2016 (1 January through 31 March), including forced displacement and population movements, threats against children, gender-based violence, and landmines and explosive remnants of war.
NRC South Sudan (12.02.2016)
If the security situation does not improve soon, we will miss our opportunity to move supplies and effectively prepare for the overwhelming humanitarian needs before rainy season arrives, writes Melody Knight, NRC's Conflict and Policy Analyst in South Sudan.
Two years after the conflict began, tensions are high and violence continues in the war-ravaged country.
Delivering aid in a time of massive crises
More than 1 million people in the Horn of Africa, South Sudan and Yemen received direct assistance from NRC in 2014, shows the new annual report for 2014.
Regional Response Appeal to assist displaced populations
Following the South Sudan crisis which has left many people killed and displaced, NRC has launched a regional emergency appeal to make it possible for a meaningful humanitarian action to take place.
During a recent visit to Awerial, NRC Secretary General Jan Egeland witnessed the poor conditions that internally displaced persons were living in, with multiple families clustered around every tree or bush seeking shelter from harsh climate.
I. PRESENTATION DE LA ZONE ET DU CONTEXTE
Province : Nord Kivu
Territoire : Beni
Chefferie : Watalinga
Groupement : Bawisa
Localité : Nobili
Distance : à 71 km à l’Est de Mbau sur l frontalier de Kasindi sur l’axe Mpondwe
Depuis que l’Armée de résistance du Seigneur (Lord’s Resistance Army – LRA) a émergé dans les années 1980, on estime que ce mouvement a causé le déplacement d’environ 2,5 millions de personnes à l’intérieur-même des pays d’Afrique centrale, et à travers leurs frontières.
Since the Lord’s Resistance Army first emerged in the 1980s, the group’s violence has displaced an estimated 2.5 million people within and across borders in central Africa. It originated in Uganda, where it took up arms in response to the central government’s marginalisation of the Acholi people, and by 2005, around 1.8 million people had been internally displaced by the conflict. As early as 1993, the LRA began operating what is now South Sudan before moving into north-eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and south-eastern Central African Republic (CAR).
LRA victims stuck in cycle of fear and flight, says new report
A new report released today offers a revealing insight into the realities of life for those who live side-by-side with one of the most vicious and notorious armed groups in the world, the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA).
GENEVA, 17 SEPTEMBER 2013 - FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE